Now this is what I call a rifle!
Now this is what I call a rifle!
The story of the toilet drop was told by Captain Clint Johnson, the pilot of another VA-25 A-1 Skyraider. The toilet was a damaged one that was going to be thrown overboard anyway.
But some plane captains decided to rescue it, dress it up to look like a bomb, and drop it in commemoration of the 6 million pounds of ordnance that had been dropped by the U.S. Air Force.
The Air Control team said it made a whistling sound as it came down, and that it had almost struck the plane as it came off. A film was made of the drop using a video camera mounted on the wing.
Just as the toilet was being shot off, Johnson said,’ we got a 1MC message from the bridge, “What the hell was on 572’s right wing?”
There were a lot of jokes with air intelligence about germ warfare. I wish that we had saved the movie film.’
When the Vietnam War began the Douglas A-1 Skyraider, which had been introduced into the U.S. Air Force in 1946, was still being used.
It was a medium attack aircraft based on an aircraft carrier. There were plans to replace the Skyraider with the A-6A Intruder jet-engine attack aircraft.
Nevertheless, Skyraiders participated in the naval attack on North Vietnam on 5th August 1964, as part of Operation Pierce Arrow. They struck enemy fuel depots at Vinh, where one Skyraider was damaged, and another was lost.
By 1973, all U.S. Skyraiders had been transferred to the South Vietnamese Air Force. The A-6A Intruder replaced it as America’s principal medium attack aircraft.
Here is the Designer of this strange looking but effective SMG
Owen, an inventor from Wollongong, was 24 years old in July 1939 when he demonstrated his prototype .22 calibre “Machine Carbine” to Australian Army ordnance officers at Victoria Barracks in Sydney.
The gun was rejected for two reasons. The first was because the Australian army, at the time, did not recognise the value of submachine guns.
The second was the basic construction of the prototype was completely unsuited as a military weapon, especially as it lacked a proper trigger or any safety device, was of small calibre, and the “magazine” was effectively a giant revolver cylinder which could not be exchanged to reload.
Following the outbreak of war, Owen joined the Australian Army as a private.
In September 1940, Owen’s neighbour, Vincent Wardell, discovered Owen’s prototype in a sugar bag.
Wardell was manager of a large steel products factory at Port Kembla. He showed it to Owen’s father who was distressed at his son’s carelessness, but explained the history of the weapon.
Wardell was impressed by the simplicity of Owen’s design. Wardell arranged to have Owen transferred to the Army Inventions Board, to re-commence work on the gun.
The army continued to view the weapon in a negative light, but the government took an increasingly favourable view.
The prototype was equipped with a “magazine” which consisted of a steel ring drilled with holes for .22 cartridges, and this was revolved through the action using the power of a gramophone spring. This arrangement later gave way to a top-mounted box magazine. This better allowed shooting while prone.
The choice of calibre took some time to be settled. As large quantities of Colt .45 ACP cartridges were available; it was decided to adopt the Owen Gun for it.
Official trials were organised, and the John Lysaght factory made three versions in 9×19mm, .38-200 and .45 ACP. Sten and Thompson submachine guns were used as benchmarks.
As part of the testing, all of the guns were immersed in mud and covered with sand to simulate the harshest environments in which they would be used.
The Owen was the only gun that still operated after the treatment. Although the test showed the Owen’s capability, the army could not decide on a calibre, and it was only after intervention from the higher levels of government that the army ordered the 9×19mm variant.
During the gun’s life, its reliability earned it the nickname “Digger‘s Darling” by Australian troops and it was rumoured to be highly favoured by US troops. General Douglas MacArthur proposed placing an order for some 45,000.
The Owen went into production at the John Lysaght factories at Port Kembla and Newcastle.
Between March 1942 and February 1943, Lysaght’s produced 28,000 Owen Guns. However, the initial batch of ammunition turned out to be the wrong type and 10,000 of the guns could not be supplied with ammunition.
Once again the government overrode military bureaucracy, and took the ammunition through the final production stages and into the hands of Australian troops, at that time fighting Japanese forces in New Guinea.
Approximately 45,000 Owens were produced from 1942 to 1944. During the war the average cost to manufacture the Owen submachine gun was $30.
Although it was somewhat bulky, the Owen became very popular with soldiers because of its reliability. It was so successful that it was also ordered by the United States and New Zealand.
New Zealanders fighting in the Guadacanaland Solomon Islands campaigns swapped their Thompson submachine guns for Owens, as they found the Australian weapons to be more reliable.
The Owen was later used by Australian troops in the Korean and Vietnam Wars, particularly the scouts in infantry sections. It remained a standard weapon of the Australian Army until the mid-1960s, when it was replaced by the F1 submachine gun.
The Owen has a simple blowback design, firing from an open bolt. It was designed to be fired either from the shoulder or the hip.
It is easily recognisable, owing to its unconventional appearance, including the top-mounted magazine, and the side-mounted sight required to allow the firer to aim past it.
The placement of the magazine allows gravity to assist the magazine spring in pushing cartridges down to the breech, which improves feeding reliability.
Another unusual feature is the separate compartment inside the receiver, which isolates the small-diameter bolt from its retracting handle by means of a small bulkhead.
This prevents dirt and mud from jamming the bolt, and makes the Owen a highly reliable weapon. Foreign dirt entering the gun would collect at the back of the receiver, where it will drain out or be expelled through a small opening.
When tested, the Owen gun was able to continue firing despite being dipped in mud and drenched with sand, while a Sten gun and a Thompson also tested stopped functioning at once.
In jungle warfare where both mud and sand were frequent problems, the Owen gun was highly regarded by the soldiers.
To facilitate cleaning, the ejector is built into the magazine, rather than the body of the gun. This allows the barrel to be removed rapidly, by pulling up a spring-loaded plunger in front of the magazine housing.
After removing the barrel, the bolt and return spring are removed in a forward direction, completely dismantling the gun. Like the Sten, and Austen, the Owen had a non-folding wire buttstock, but also had pistol grips.
Two horseshoe magazines were constructed in the field, of 60 and 72 rounds. Little information exists as to the success of these experiments.
In 2004, an “underground weapons factory” was seized in Melbourne, Australia, yielding, among other things, a number of silenced copies of the Owen submachine gun.
These had magazines inserted underneath rather than overhead, and were suspected of having been built for sale to local gangs involved in the illegal drug trade.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Owen gun.|
According to the legislation, the state’s Instructional Quality Commission would develop a model curriculum and create a list of resources and materials for teachers. It appears the commission is made up of some really radical teachers and “educators” throughout the state.
Some dubious organizations, the Media Literacy Now and Common Sense Kids Action, have been working to craft model legislation, inspired by the Washington State law, to make it easier for other states to adopt the same approach. (Former Senate President Darrell Steinberg (D) is on the board of directors of Common Sense Kids.) Media Literacy Now says its mission is “To spark policy change in every state and at the national level to ensure all K-12 students receive comprehensive media literacy education and skills.”
If memory serves, this is what public schools used to do before the left took over and started feeding our kids a steady diet of leftist pabulum.
“We will use the vehicle of legislation to raise awareness, ignite passion and generate action,” Media Literacy Now says.
A Brookings Institute article on How To Combat “fake news” addresses the same. It is no coincidence that state Legislatures, and lefty think tanks only started caring about ridding the country of “fake news” after Donald Trump was elected. “Fake news is generated by outlets that masquerade as actual media sites but promulgate false or misleading accounts designed to deceive the public,” the Brookings Institute says. “When these activities move from sporadic and haphazard to organized and systematic efforts, they become disinformation campaigns with the potential to disrupt campaigns and governance in entire countries.”
“The constantly changing definition of fake news can give candidates and political parties a judicial weapon aimed at preventing the release of disturbing information during an election,” the Brookings Institute concludes.
The French Have a Law – what can I say?
A new French law aims to separate truth from fiction, but it will mostly just give the government more control over the media, Foreign Policy news reports. “The bill proposed by Macron would target a new category of fake news not currently covered by the existing law. Macron proposes rapid intervention to report, identify, and remove fake news by creating new implementations of référé, a special procedure that allows one party to refer a case to a single judge to ask for a provisional order.”
“False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and Satirical ‘News’ Sources”, was compiled in November 2016, by Melissa “Mish” Zimdars, an Associate Professor of Communication and Media at Merrimack College in Massachusetts.
Included in the “fake news” list is Twitchy.com, truthrevolt.com, Gateway Pundit, The Federalist Papers, The Conservative Treehouse, The Blaze, Red State, Red County, Powerline blog, Pamela Geller, Lew Rockwell, Horowitz Freedom Center, frontpagemag, DRUDGE Report, Daily Wire, Daily Signal, Conservative Tribune, CNS News, Center for Security Policy, Canada Free Press, Breitbart, American Thinker — all of these news sires she called either “fake, biased, unreliable, conspiracy and/or hate.” (and she calls alternet.org “reliable”)
Melissa “Mish” Zimdars‘ complete fake list is available HERE.
Predictably, many news articles ran with her list under headlines that said: “Here’s a handy cheat sheet of false and misleading ‘news’ sites.”
Why the need for legislation?
Democrats are so unhappy with the outcome of the 2016 Presidential election, the only answer they can deal with over the election of outsider Donald Trump is that most of America was too stupid to understand that fake news was being pushed at them by Conservative news outlets.
According to Sen. Bill Dodd, the author of SB 830, “The prevalence of fake news garnered national attention in the recent Presidential election, where false and misleading stories from hoax websites outperformed actual news stories in terms of social media engagement. This flood of content can make it difficult for the public to differentiate between reputable news sources and false or misleading claims. The practice of advertisements masquerading as news has also seen an increase in recent years.”
Supporting the California bills below, but not limited to:
Common Sense Kids Action
American Academy of Pediatrics
California Cable and Telecommunications Association
California School Boards Association
California School Library Association
Center for Media Literacy
Congressman Mike Thompson
Lt. Governor Gavin Newsom
National Association of Media Literacy Education
San Francisco Unified School District
Scientific Literacy Association
University of California, Los Angeles—Teacher Education Program
Yolo County Office of Education
Next: Net Neutrality California Style – More Ministry of Truth laws.
The estimate of over 1 billion firearms worldwide at the end of 2017 also includes 133 million such weapons held by government military forces and 22.7 million by law enforcement agencies, it said.
Karp said the new global estimate is significantly higher than the 875 million firearms estimated in the last survey in 2007, and the 650 million civilian-held firearms at that time — mostly due to increasing civilian ownership.
While the United States was dominant in civilian ownership in 2007 and 2017, the report said the U.S. is only fifth today in military firearms holdings, behind Russia, China, North Korea and Ukraine. It is also fifth in law enforcement holdings, behind Russia, China, India and Egypt.
The Small Arms Survey released its study to coincide with the third U.N. conference to assess progress on implementing a 2001 program known as Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms, which includes marking weapons so they can be traced. The conference opened Monday and ends June 29.
Small Arms Survey director Eric Berman stressed that the Geneva-based research and policy institute isn’t an advocacy organization.
“We don’t advocate disarmament. We are not against guns,” he said. “What we want to do, and what we have done successfully for the last 19 years, is to be able to provide authoritative information and analysis for governments so that they can work to address illicit proliferation and reduce it — and to reduce also the incidents of armed violence.”
Karp, a lecturer at Old Dominion University in Virginia, said that since the 2007 report, “we have a much more accurate picture of the distribution of firearms around the world than we’ve ever had before.”
He said information, including on civilian ownership from 133 countries, has enabled the Small Arms Survey to publish figures on 230 countries and autonomous territories. But he cautioned that every country’s figures include “some degree of estimation.”
According to the report, the countries with the largest estimated number of civilian-held legal and illegal firearms at the end of 2017 were the United States with 393.3 million, India with 71.1 million, China with 49.7 million, Pakistan with 43.9 million and Russia with 17.6 million.
But Karp said the more important number is the estimated rate of civilian firearms holdings per 100 residents — and in that table India, China and Russia rank much lower than the U.S. and outside the top 25 while Pakistan ranks 20th.
At the top of that ranking are Americans, who own 121 firearms for every 100 residents. They are followed by Yemenis at 53, Montenegro and Serbia with 39, Canada and Uruguay about 35, and Finland, Lebanon and Iceland around 32.
Karp said the Small Arms Survey doesn’t have year-by-year data but countries whose ownership appears to have gone down relative to 2007 include Finland, Iraq, Sweden and Switzerland, though he cautioned this could be due to better data. He said ownership rates in Canada and Iceland are “clearly up” while the rates in Cyprus, Yemen, Serbia and the United States remained relatively stable.
Anna Alvazzi del Frate, the institute’s program director, said that “the countries with the highest level of firearm violence — they don’t rank high in terms of ownership per person.”
“So what we see is that there is no direct correlation at the global level between firearm ownership and violence,” she said.
But “the correlation exists with firearm suicides, and it is so strong that it can be used, at least in Western countries, as a proxy for measurement,” Alvazzi del Frate said.
The Associated Press summed up the court’s ruling: “The California Supreme Court says state laws cannot be invalidated on the grounds that complying with them is impossible.”
The microstamping requirement, or “bullet stamping law,” as it is sometimes called. Requires that semiautomatic handguns sold in California have a special, one-of-kind marker affixed to their firing pins so a special fingerprint is left on each spent shell casing.
The idea is to give law enforcement a means to take shell casings from a crime scene and trace them back to the firearm’s owner.
Many problems exist with this proposed scenario. First, the technology does not exist. No manufacturer who is importing guns into California makes a firearm that puts a special mark on spent shell casings.
Here is some more info about a under rated and long gone Rifle Round. That i found on the net. Enjoy Grumpy!
by| January 4th, 2011
Most of the rifle cartridges introduced during these past few years have been given rather boring names, but there was a time when the name of a cartridge combined with a bit of imagination went a very long way. A mere mention of the .22 Hornet, .219 Zipper, .220 Swift, .17 Mach IV, .221 Fireball or .219 Wasp brought visions of fast bullets, flat trajectories and memorable days spent in fields full of targets.
Another cartridge capable of reaching across the back 40 and stinging a varmint is the .218 Bee. It came about in 1938 when Winchester, looking to boost the sagging sales of its Model 92 rifle, added the .218 Bee—failing to recognize that, even back then, hunters wanted their varmint cartridges in bolt actions and single-shots, not lever actions. As it turned out, only a few Model 92s were chambered for the new cartridge, but it managed to find a permanent home in a variation of the Model 92 called the Model 65.
The Bee case is a necked-down .25-20 Winchester (itself a necked-down version of the .32-20 Winchester). Only one factory load was offered: a 46-grain hollowpoint at 2,860 fps.
At the time, the .22 Hornet was loaded with a 45-grain bullet at 2,690 fps, and the .22 Hornet has enjoyed far greater popularity among varmint shooters, probably because it was introduced first and it has been available in a greater variety of rifles. But the .218 Bee is superior to it in several ways.
For starters it is a bit faster, which gives it a longer effective range. Those of us who have handloaded both cartridges also know that due to the thicker wall of the Bee case, it is less susceptible to neck collapse during bullet seating than the Hornet. Another benefit to the thicker brass is longer case life for the .218 Bee when both cartridges are loaded to maximum velocities.
On the negative side, the Bee also arrived with a handicap that may have prevented it from shining more brightly. Whereas the Hornet was designed for use in bolt-action rifles, the Bee was designed for a rear-locking lever action rifle, and for this reason it was loaded to lower chamber pressure. Had both cartridges been loaded to the same pressure, the Bee would have been at least another 100 fps faster than the Hornet.
Then we have the matter of bullet shape. Since the Bee was designed for a rifle with a tubular magazine, Winchester and Remington always loaded it with blunt-nosed bullets, whereas the Hornet was commonly loaded with pointed bullets. Even though a bullet fired from the Bee started out faster, its trajectory and downrange punch differed very little from the Hornet.
The first and one of only three bolt-action rifles chambered for the .218 Bee was the Winchester Model 43. Introduced in 1944, it was also offered in .22 Hornet, .25-20 and .32-20. The Model 43 was a nice little rifle and often described as the poor man’s Model 70, but those I owned in .22 Hornet and .218 Bee years ago were nowhere near as accurate as my Winchester models 54 and 70 in .22 Hornet.
The jewel among bolt-action Bees, and one that will hold its own with the Model 70 in accuracy, is the dainty little Sako L46. The small number of those rifles chambered to .218 Bee serves to illustrate the lack of popularity of the cartridge. I bought one during the 1960s, and much later during a visit to the Sako factory I was told that only 50 had been built in that caliber, and I’ve seen only two in many years of looking at Sako rifles.
Back in 1986 the original Kimber of Oregon did a limited run of Model 82 rifles in .218 Bee, and also offered an improved version called the .218 Mashburn Bee.
Greg Warne sent me one of the first standard Bees, and I found it to be quite accurate. Rather than going to the expense of building a detachable magazine for a cartridge that would probably not sell a lot of rifles, Greg decided to make Model 82s in that caliber single-shots with a solid-bottom receiver. Like the Winchester Model 43 and the Sako L46, the Kimber Model 82 allowed the use of pointed bullets in .218 Bee handloads, which improved its performance over factory ammunition.
Not too many other rifles have been available in .218 Bee. Back in the 1930s Marlin offered it in its Model 90, an over-under combination gun with one barrel in .410 and the other in .218 Bee. Marlin tried again in 1990 by offering it in it Model 1894 carbine, and along about the same time Browning introduced a Japanese copy of the Winchester Model 92 in the same caliber. The Thompson/Center custom shop continues to offer the Bee in the Contender carbine, and as far as I know, that’s about the size of it as rifles of current production go.
When it comes to choosing powders for .218 Bee handloads, IMR-4227 has long been a popular choice, and H4227 works equally well. Also often recommended is slightly quicker burning 2400, but it borders on being too fast, making it tricky to work with in this cartridge.
Moving to the opposite extreme, IMR-4198, H4198 and Reloder 7 work okay with 45-grain bullets, but you usually run out of case capacity before reaching top velocities with lighter bullets. When all is said and done, H110 and W296—along VihtaVuori N120—offer the best combination of bulk density and burn rate available for bullets weighing from 30 to 45 grains in the .218 Bee.
Several blunt-nosed bullets are suitable when loading the .218 Bee for a lever-action rifle with tubular magazine. They include the 46-grain flatnose from Speer and three bullets of roundnose form: the 45-grain Hornet bullets from Nosler and Sierra and Sierra’s 40-grain Hornet.
|A FEW GOOD .218 BEE LOADS|
|Bullets for Lever Actions||Bullet Weight (gr.)||Power Type||Charge Weight (gr.)||Muzzle Velocity|
|Sierra Hornet *||40||IMR 4227||13.3||2,810|
|Nosler Hornet *||45||H110||11.5||2,722|
a Hornet *
|Speer FN *||46||RL7||14.5||2,749|
|Bullets For Bolt Actions|
|Sierra BlitzKing||40||IMR 4227||13.3||2,892|
|Nosler Ballistic Tip||40||W296||11.8||2,876|
*Blunt noses of these bullets make them suitable for use in a tubular magazine.
Notes: These Loads are Maximum and powder charges should be reduced by 10 percent for starting loads. Velocities shown represent five or more rounds clocked 12 feet from the muzzle of a Marlin Model 1894CL with 20-inch barrel (lever action rifle loads) and a Sako L46 with 24-inch barrel. Winchester cases and CCI 400 primers were used in all loads.
WARNING The loads shown here are safe only in the guns for which they were developed. Neither the author nor InterMedia Outdoors assumes any liability for accidents or injury resulting from the use or misuse of this data. Shooting reloads may void any warranty on your firearm.
Best choices in pointed bullets for use in bolt actions and single-shots are those weighing from 30 to 45 grains from Berger, Nosler, Sierra, Speer and Hornady. I am especially fond of the 30-grain Berger hollowpoint and the 40-grain BlitzKing, Ballistic Tip and V-Max bullets in this cartridge.
Bullets heavier than 45 grains can be used, but most rifles in .218 Bee have barrels with a rifling twist rate of 1:16 inches, which can be too slow to stabilize them in flight.
It saddens me to say this, but the future of the .218 Bee is looking less than bright. Remington dropped it from production several years ago, and Winchester makes only an occasional production run of ammo and unprimed cases.
If ammo and case production should cease, you’ll have to neck down .25-20 or .32-20 cases. The .25-20 can be squeezed down to .22 caliber in one step with a .218 Bee full-length resizing die, but the .32-20 requires an extra form die available from Redding. Attempting to neck it down in one step usually results in a collapsed case.
Here’s hoping the .218 Bee will continue to buzz over the varmint fields for many years to come.
Read more: http://www.rifleshootermag.com/ammo/ammunition_rs_0108_09/#ixzz5JbEXgykC