All About Guns

The German Luger

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Now when you say the word Luger. I am willing to bet that a large part of the population is going to know what one looks like.
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Now I have owned a couple of these products of Germany. Here is what I have observed about them.
That they are very sinister looking. (Like a Leather Trench coat of the Gestapo)
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They are a very complex piece of machinery
It is a tribute to German workmanship. As I have not seen any machining marks on one either inside or out.
It is also a massive ego trip to be able to pull one at the Range.
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Now for the bad stuff
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I could not hit anything with it. Unless it was really close.
The sight system is tiny. That and having a flying goggle does not help much either.
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They are also hideously expensive but a good investment!
You also have to use some really hot ammo to make it cycle.
Because for a long time. US ammo makers underpowered their 30 Mauser & 9mm ammo. Unlike their European counterparts.
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Here is some more information about the German Luger.
Thanks for reading this!
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Attachments area
Attachments area

Luger pistol

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the Luger pistol. For other meanings of parabellum, see Parabellum (disambiguation).
Luger P08 (Parabellum)
Luger P08 (6971793777).jpg

Luger P08
Type Semi-automatic pistol
Place of origin  German Empire
Service history
In service German Empire (1904–1918)
Weimar Republic (1919–1933)
Nazi Germany (1933–1945)
Switzerland (1900–early 1970s)
Other countries (1900–present)
Used by See Users
Wars World War I
German Revolution
Spanish Civil War
World War II
Second Sino-Japanese War
Indonesian National Revolution
Chinese Civil War
Vietnam War (limited use)
Rhodesian Bush War
Production history
Designer Georg J. Luger
Designed 1898
Manufacturer Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken, Imperial Arsenals of Erfurt and SpandauSimson, Krieghoff, MauserVickers Ltd, Waffenfabrik Bern
Unit cost $13 or 32 RM
Produced 1900–1942
Weight 871 grams (1.92 pounds)
Length 222 mm (8.74 in)
Barrel length 120 mm / 4.7 in (Pistole 00)
100 mm / 3.9 in (Pistole 08)
200 mm / 7.9 in (Artillery model)

Cartridge 7.65×21mm Parabellum
9×19mm Parabellum[1]
Action Toggle-locked, short recoil
Muzzle velocity 350–400 m/s (1148–1312 f/s; 9mm, 100 mm barrel)
Effective firing range 50 m (9mm, 100 mm barrel; short barrel)
Feed system 8-round detachable box magazine, 32-round detachable drum
Sights Iron sights

The Pistole Parabellum 1908—or Parabellum-Pistole (Pistol Parabellum)[2]—is a toggle-locked recoil-operated semi-automatic pistol. The design was patented by Georg J. Luger in 1898 and produced by German arms manufacturer Deutsche Waffen- und Munitionsfabriken (DWM) starting in 1900 with other manufacturers such as W+F Bern, Krieghoff, Simson, Mauser, and Vickers;[3] it was an evolution of the 1893 Hugo Borchardt–designed C-93. The first Parabellum pistol was adopted by the Swiss army in May 1900. In German Army service, it was succeeded and partly replaced by the Walther P38 in caliber 9×19mm Parabellum.
The Luger is well known from its use by Germans during World War Iand World War II, along with the interwar Weimar Republic and the postwar East German Volkspolizei. Although the P.08 was introduced in 7.65mm Parabellum, it is notable for being the pistol for which the 9×19mm Parabellum (also known as the 9×19mm Luger) cartridge was developed. Because of its association with Nazi Germany, the pistol has been used in fictional works by many villainous characters over the past several decades.

Design details[edit]

Swiss Parabellum Model 1900. Flat breech block and extractor

Luger Model 1900 pistol carbine

Swiss Parabellum Model 1900 with breech opened, showing the jointed arm in its fully open position

Luger 04 Pistol of the German Navy

‘Artillery Luger’ Lange Pistole 08 with 32-round Trommel-Magazin 08 and removable stock.

One of the first semi-automatic pistols, the Luger was designed to use a toggle-lock action, which uses a jointed arm to lock, as opposed to the slide actions of almost every other semi-automatic pistol. After a round is fired, the barrel and toggle assembly (both locked together at this point) travel rearward due to recoil. After moving roughly 13 mm (0.5 in) rearward, the toggle strikes a cam built into the frame, causing the knee joint to hinge and the toggle and breech assembly to unlock. At this point the barrel impacts the frame and stops its rearward movement, but the toggle assembly continues moving (bending the knee joint) due to momentum, extracting the spent casing from the chamber and ejecting it. The toggle and breech assembly subsequently travel forward under spring tension and the next round from the magazine is loaded into the chamber. The entire sequence occurs in a fraction of a second. This mechanism works well for higher-pressure cartridges, but cartridges loaded to a lower pressure can cause the pistol to malfunction because they do not generate enough recoil to work the action fully. This results in either the breech block not clearing the top cartridge of the magazine, or becoming jammed open on the cartridge’s base.[4]
In World War I, as submachine guns were found to be effective in trench warfare, experiments with converting various types of pistols to machine pistols(Reihenfeuerpistolen, literally “row-fire pistols” or “consecutive fire pistols”) were conducted. Among those the Luger pistol (German Army designation Pistole 08) was examined; however, unlike the Mauser C96, which was later manufactured in a selective-fire version (Schnellfeuer) or Reihenfeuerpistolen, the Luger proved to have an excessive rate of fire in full-automatic mode.
The Luger pistol was manufactured to exacting standards and had a long service life. William B. “Bill” Ruger praised the Luger’s 145° (55° for Americans) grip angle and duplicated it in his .22 LR pistol.[citation needed]


Swiss Pistol 06/29, 7,65x21mm

The Swiss Army evaluated the Luger pistol in 7.65×21 mm Parabellum and Switzerland became the first country to officially adopt it in 1900 as its standard side arm, designated Pistole 1900, in 1901.[5] This model uses a 120 mm (4.7 in) barrel.
The Luger pistol was accepted by the Imperial German Navy in 1904. The Navymodel had a 150 mm (5.9 in) barrel and a two-position ( 100 meters (110 yd) or 200 meters (220 yd) ) rear sight. This version is known as Pistole 04, but was also referred to as “Marine Modell 1904” or, more colloquially, as the “Navy Luger”.[5]
In 1908, the German Army adopted the Luger to replace the Reichsrevolver in front-line service.[6] The Pistole 08 (or P.08) had a 100 mm (3.9 in) barrel and was chambered in 9×19mm Parabellum. The P.08 was the usual side arm for German Army personnel in both world wars, though it was being replaced by the Walther P38 starting in 1938. In 1930, Mauser took over manufacture of the P.08 (until 1943).[2]
The Bolivian Army adopted the DWM Luger in 9×19mm Parabellum as the main officer’s sidearm in 1908; a few hundred were bought, starting with a batch of about 250 that were included in an order of 4,000 Mauser DWM 1907 rifles and 1,000 Mauser DWM 1907 short rifles, both in caliber 7.65×53mm, and continued with smaller batches every year until 1913. Only the first batch wore crests and the Legend “Ejercito Boliviano” stamped in the receiver.

A P-08, BYF-41, 1941, 9×19mm caliber Parabellum Luger Mauser pistol—with the safety on, and with breech opened, showing the jointed arm in its most bent and locked position

The Lange Pistole 08 (German: “Long Pistol 08”) or Artillery Luger was a pistol carbine for use by German Army artillerymen as a sort of early Personal Defense Weapon. It had a 200 mm (7.9 in) barrel, an 8-position tangent rear sight (calibrated to 800 meters (870 yd)) and a shoulder stock with holster. When set for long range use the rear sight element visibly moves to the left to compensate for spin drift. It was sometimes used with a 32-round drum magazine(Trommelmagazin 08). Early issue LP08s had micrometer adjustable front and rear sights which required a 2-pin tool for adjustment. It was also available in various commercial carbine versions with yet longer barrels.
The firm Armeria Belga of Santiago (Chile) manufactured the Benke Thiemann retractable stock that could fold out from the grip section.
The United States evaluated several semi-automatic pistols in the late 19th century, including the Colt M1900Steyr Mannlicher M1894, and an entry from Mauser.[5] In 1900 the US purchased 1000 7.65×21mm Parabellum Lugers for field trials. Later, a small number were sampled in the then-new, more powerful 9×19mm round. Field experience with .38 caliber revolvers in the Philippines and ballistic tests would result in a requirement for still-larger rounds.

The .45 ACP Luger and the Colt Model 1905, from a 1907 report on testing in the US.

Cutaway drawing of 1900 Luger design from Georg Luger’s patent.

In 1906 and 1907, the US Army held trials for a large-caliber semi-automatic. DWM provided two sample Luger pistols chambered in .45 ACP for testing, with serial numbers 1 and 2. The fate of serial number 1 is unknown, as it was not returned. The serial number 2 Luger .45 passed the tests, and survived to be traded among collectors. Its rarity gives its value of around US$1 million at the time the “Million Dollar Guns” episode of History Channel‘s “Tales of the Gun” was filmed,[7] recheck by Guns & Ammo as of 1994.[8]
At least two pistols were manufactured later for possible commercial or military sales, and one is exhibited at the Norton Gallery, in Shreveport, Louisiana. The other was sold in 2010 and remains in a private collection. After initial trials, DWM, Savage, and Colt were asked to provide further samples for evaluation. DWM withdrew for reasons that are still debated, though the Army did place an order for 200 more samples. A single .45 Luger carbine is also known to exist.[9]
Towards the end of 1937 (beginning with ‘t’ & ‘u’ block pistols) Mauser phased out rust blue process and “straw finishing” the small parts and levers on their pistols, choosing to salt blue them with the rest of the weapon. When in combination with black Bakelite grip panels, used on some examples starting in 1941, these pistols were named the “Black Widow” model by a postwar US arms dealer as a marketing ploy.
Captured Lugers were much prized by Allied soldiers during both of the world wars as war trophies.[10] However, during World War II, German soldiers were aware of this and would use Lugers as “bait”, rigging them to detonate land mines or hidden booby traps when disturbed.[11] This tactic was common enough to make experienced Allied soldiers deeply suspicious of an apparently discarded Luger that they discovered.[12]

Luger Rifle M1906[edit]

A rifle, serial number 4, was found and put on auction and was said to be made by Georg Luger. The rifle uses the same mechanism as the pistol. The description mentioned a German patent No. 4126 of 1906 – the patent applied specifically to serial number 4. The rifle was chambered in 7.92x57mm Mauser, and the stock resembled the later K98kstyle.[citation needed]

Usage today[edit]

Although outdated, the Luger is still sought after by collectors both for its sleek design and accuracy, and for its connection to Imperial and Nazi Germany. According to Aaron Davis, writing in The Standard Catalog of the Luger, “From its adoption, the Luger was synonymous with the German military through the end of World War II” and “Ask any World War II vet of the [European Theater of Operations] what the most prized war souvenir was and the answer will invariably come back, ‘a Luger.’”[6]
Limited production of the P.08 by its original manufacturer resumed when Mauser refurbished a quantity of them in 1999 for the pistol’s centennial. More recently, Krieghoff announced[13] the continuation of its Parabellum Model 08 line with 200 examples at $17,545.00 apiece.
In 1923, Stoeger, Inc. obtained the American trademark for the “Luger” name for the import of German-built parabellum pistols into the United States. The 1923 commercial models, in .30 Luger and 9mm, and with barrel lengths from 75 mm to 600 mm were the first pistols to bear the name “Luger”, roll stamped on the right side of the receiver. Stoeger has retained the rights to the “Luger” name. Over the past seven decades, Stoeger imported a number of different handguns under the “Luger” mark, including an Erma-built .380 version and an American-manufacture .22 which only remotely resembled the original design.[14]
In 1991, the Houston, Texas firm of Aimco, Inc. began making an all new remake of the original Georg Luger design. At that time Mitchell Arms, Inc., under the “Mitchell” name marketed Aimco’s “new” parabellum. Stoeger, Inc. bought the rights to market the Texas-built pistols in 1994, and since that time the “Luger” name is once again on these toggle-action autoloaders.
Stoeger’s current offering is named the “American Eagle” model. This refers to the U.S. eagle roll-stamped above the chamber, closely resembling the eagle used to mark the original pistols designated for U.S. import. The “American Eagle” is available in 4-inch and 6-inch barrel lengths in 9×19mm Luger only.[15]
Thousands were taken home by returning Allied soldiers during both wars, and are still in circulation today. Colonel David Hackworth mentions in his autobiography that it was still a sought-after sidearm in the Vietnam War.[16] In 1945 Mauser set up again the Luger production under the control of the French forces. In 1969, Mauser Werke in Oberndorf restarted the production until 1986 when the last commemorative model was produced.[17]


Non-state entities[edit]

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