All About Guns

Why I like Sporterized or Custom Rifles

 Now I am sure that some of you folks out there are thinking of some of the clunkers we have all seen out there.
Like this poor puppy. (Sorry if this is your rifle It’s nothing personal)

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  Now granted that some of us are not really flush with cash. Hey! I get it as I have been there & done that.
  So I shall not inflict upon you some of the horrors that I have bought and shot.
 Now here is what I figured out a few years ago. As since todays the prices for your basic rifle is frankly just ridiculous. Just take a look one of these days at this!
  Granted that steel is a lot more expensive and so is the other things needed to build a gun. Plus the folks involved need to ate. So I accept that. As this is just the way the world is now.
For Example this should give one a clue.
Image result for old rifle prices back in the 1970's
  So here is what I do. I generally make a circuit of the local gun shops.
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The reason why is two fold.
  In that the Owners learn to know me and what I like. Also to see what is up for sale and what the general prices are.
  I also try hard to go to the local gun shows. Where it’s hard to concentrate due to the usual sensory overload of the place.
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As there usually someone wanting to sell dear old (who ever) departed guns.
What to look for in buying one.
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  Now I am a sucker for good wood stocks.
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  If the rifle has it. Then usually it means somebody has put a lot of love and effort into this piece. I can overlook the usually dings caused by use in the field if they are not too bad.
  Also if the lines of the rifle looks good is another good sign. That & if no serious signs of abuse is a good thing.
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(Yes I like thumb holes. Since they work for me!)
  If you have followed me this far. Then ask nicely to pick it up and check it out. Manners by the way  are very important in a gun show. Remember that a lot of folks are armed here. (An Armed Society is a Polite Society)
  Usually the Show will have the gun in a inoperative manner by a plastic ban put on by the staff. If you are really interested ask to have it taken of. Then check the action and the internal condition.
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  One must also consider the caliber of the gun. Especially considering the availability and price of it. I bought a Winchester 43 in 218 Bee really cheap.
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  But then found out how hard it  and expensive the ammo was.  By the by, it was very accurate but finding ammo was too much effort. So I sadly sold it for a handsome profit.
Models that I have the most luck with
Mauser 98’s – I have about a dozen of these in various calibers. From 22-250 thru 30-06 and each of them are great additions to my humble collection.
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(I wish that I owned this one)
1903 Springfield- I think that I am on very safe ground here. A the Famous Griffin & Howe use to make a lot of rifles from the action of the 03’s for the great and famous. Teddy Roosevelt took one on his African Safari.
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(This one became TR’s Son Kermit’s 1903)
  My stance on this is that if its good enough for him. I think that I would be a fool not to have a couple also one time or another. In 22-250, 243 Win, 25-06, 308. 35 Whelen and of course 30-06.
Like this one (Not Mine either but it comes close)
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1917 Enfield
 As it use to be before we became a major Arms Dealer. Our country was always under equipped when it came to our military. This was true in WWI or as some called it. The War to end all wars. Please stop laughing as I am not kidding! They actually thought that until Hitler & **TRIGGER WARNING** The Japs showed up
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  So what we did was to take the Enfield rifles that we were making for the **TRIGGER WARNING***  British Empire.
  Where upon the US Army just changed the caliber to 30-06. The amazing thing was that it was the primary battle rifle for the Dough boys. After the war serious thought was made of making it the primary rifle for the peacetime Army. But the forces backing the 1903 prevailed instead.
 Now the good news for you & I. This was one of the strongest actions ever made by Winchester and Remington. So eventually a lot of them were converted to various Dangerous Game Calibers. I.E. 300 H&H , 300 Win Mag and even up to 458 Win Magnum. **TRIGGER WARNING*** (I owned a 458 a long time ago and turned a squirrel into pink mist once with it.)
  Another interesting item about them. Was that I was told by a gunsmith that the barrels were screwed in with the pressure of one ton. So that the only way to re-barrel one is to carefully cut off the GI barrel.  I was also told a lot of foolish folks got hurt by this over time.
  None the less it is a very solid if not ugly looking rifle. That can still really shoot well if it has been taken care of over the years. They are also usually very priced to sell also.
Martini Cadet
  Once upon a time. I was over in Phoenix as the Wife is a rabid Chicago Cubs fan. So while she is at the Spring Training games. I get to check out the local gun shops.
  While doing so I spied a very strange looking rifle . It turning out to be a Martini Cadet  Rifle that had be done over as a very heavy 22 LR Target / Bench Rest Rifle.
Looking like this one.
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  Now I have been a huge fan of the Movie Zulu since I was a young snot. I was very intrigued by it. Needless to say I paid a huge price for it. (The Son & Heir thought that I had finally & totally lost it.)
  But when it finally got home to the Peoples Republic and on the range. Where upon it turned out to be a tack driver of a rifle. So as the Aussies would say “Keep Her!”
  Some day I am going to build me a another one in 357 Magnum. But right now I am vastly too broke to proceed.
 As a side note. Back in the Old Queens day.
  Some body had the really bright idea to reduce the Martini Henry Rifle to a smaller 22 caliber rifle . To be used as a training rifle out in the ***Trigger Warning*** White Colonies. So as to help train the youngsters in rifle marksmanship.
  I could not even think of having a youngster shhot the fear some old 577/450 round. Since it kicks like a mule!
  It was also then a hell of a lot cheaper to too as 22 LR back then was dirt cheap. Compared to the standard 577/450 Martini Henry round.
Here is a small a scene from the Movie Zulu. Hopefully you will enjoy it as much as I do.
Attachments area
Preview YouTube video Zulu – Final Attack

All About Guns

The Awesome Long Range .22-250 Remington

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Your standard Remington 700 in 22-250. Its a great rifle after you make sure that the trigger group is squared away.
Or if you really want to go “Whole Hog” then. You do a whole lot worst than with a High Wall in the caliber.
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So way back when I was in University, which was a hell of a long time ago. I started to hear and read about this round. That & a few like minded classmates of mine. Told me about what they had experienced with it.

  Now I am very skeptical type of person. So of course I did not believe all the stuff that I was told about this round by these folks.
  As the years passed by & I started my career at pretending to be a School Teacher. I slowly was able to start buying more & better guns.
So one fine day. While out doing the Saturday errands. I stopped by one of the Local Gun Emporiums to see if there was anything worth looking at.
  Where of course, the owner had set up a crafty ambush for me and my wallet. In that he would put up in a prominent place. What he called the Special of the Day Deal.
  So in I go and almost automatically turn my eyes to this spot. This time the gun in question was a Ruger Number 1 in surprise! 22-250. It was also outfitted with a nice Redfield Scope. All this for around $900.
 Well there went my allowance for while!
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  But let us move on to the Range and what i found out. For once my friends from College were not so full of brown sauce. Now granted that the Number 1 is a fine rifle. Two I was able to get my hands on some really good hand loads.
  It was really the first time that I was able to put a couple of rounds in an area the size of a quarter. Now I know that there are a lot of good shots out there reading this. But for me it was a very nice feeling to be able to do this myself.
(Pity that I gave it to the Son & Heir for a gift. But he lets me shoot it when ever I want to. As he is the best kind of Son)
  What it is good for out in the field?
  I would not recommend it for shooting anything bigger than a small wild boar. The round also is very hard on the meat. That & it can create some really awesome looking wounds.
  But if you want to do some serious long distance shooting like at Coyotes or Ground Squirrels. Then you could do a whole lot worse than this round!
Now for some technical information that is better written Than I could do.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
.22-250 Remington
22-250 Remington.JPG
Type Rifle
Place of origin USA
Production history
Designer Grosvenor Wotkyns, J.E Gebby & J. Bushnell Smith
Designed 1937
Manufacturer Remington
Produced 1965-Present
Variants .22-250 Ackley Improved
Parent case .250-3000 Savage
Case type Rimless, bottleneck
Bullet diameter .224 in (5.7 mm)
Neck diameter .254 in (6.5 mm)
Shoulder diameter .414 in (10.5 mm)
Base diameter .469 in (11.9 mm)
Rim diameter .473 in (12.0 mm)
Case length 1.912 in (48.6 mm)
Overall length 2.35 in (60 mm)
Rifling twist 1-12, 1-14
Primer type Large rifle
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
40 gr. (2.6g) BT 4,224 ft/s (1,287 m/s) 1,585 ft·lbf (2,149 J)
50 gr. (3.2g) SP 3,945 ft/s (1,202 m/s) 1,728 ft·lbf (2,343 J)
55 gr. (3.6g) SP 3,786 ft/s (1,154 m/s) 1,751 ft·lbf (2,374 J)
60 gr. (3.9g) BT 3,580 ft/s (1,090 m/s) 1,708 ft·lbf (2,316 J)
64 gr. (4.1g) Power Point 3,500 ft/s (1,100 m/s) 1,741 ft·lbf (2,360 J)
Source(s): Hodgdon [1]

.22-250 Remington maximum C.I.P. cartridge dimensions. All sizes in millimeters (mm) / Imperial (inches).

The .22-250 Remington is a very high-velocity (capable of reaching over 4000 feet per second), short action, .22 caliber rifle cartridgeprimarily used for varmint hunting and small game hunting, though it finds occasional use on deer.[2] This cartridge is also sometimes known as the .22 Varminter or the .22 Wotkyns Original Swift.[3]Along with the .220 Swift, the .22-250 was one of the high-velocity .22 caliber cartridges that developed a reputation for remote wounding effects known as hydrostatic shock in the late 1930s and early 1940s.[4][5]


The .22-250 started life as a wildcat cartridge developed from the .250 Savage case necked down to take a .224 caliber bullet. In the early days of the cartridge there were several different versions that varied only slightly from one to the next, including one developed in 1937 by Grosvenor Wotkyns, J.E. Gebby and J.B. Smith who named their version the 22 Varminter.[3]
The .22-250 is similar to, but was outperformed by the larger .220 Swift cartridge. However, it is in much wider use and has a larger variety of commercially available factory ammunition than the Swift. This makes it generally cheaper to shoot. The smaller powder load also contributes to more economical shooting if a person is doing their own reloads. Despite common myths regarding longer barrel life on a 22-250 vs the Swift or other calibers, that is directly related to shooter habits, allowing the barrel to cool between volleys and the speed of the bullet, an important factor for high-volume shooters. Both the Swift and the 22-250 shoot at very similar velocities and bullet weights so barrel wear when used and cooled equally is identical between the two calibers. Due to its rimless case the 22-250 also feeds from a box magazine with ease.
In 1937 Phil Sharpe, one of the first gunsmiths to build a rifle for the .22-250 and long time .220 Swift rifle builder, stated, “The Swift performed best when it was loaded to approximately full velocity,” whereas, “The Varminter case permits the most flexible loading ever recorded with a single cartridge. It will handle all velocities from 1,500ft/s up to 4,500ft/s.”[6]
Sharpe credited the steep 28-degree shoulder for this performance. He insisted that it kept the powder burning in the case rather than in the throat of the rifle, as well as prevented case stretching and neck thickening. “Shoulder angle ranks along with primer, powders, bullets, neck length, body taper, loading density and all those other features,” he wrote. “The .22 Varminter seems to have a perfectly balanced combination of all desirable features and is not just an old cartridge pepped up with new powders.”[6]
Accuracy was consistently excellent, with little need for either case trimming or neck reaming, and Sharpe pronounced it “my choice for the outstanding cartridge development of the past decade.” He finished by saying he looked forward to the day when it would become a commercial cartridge.[6]

Commercial acceptance[edit]

In 1963 the Browning Arms Company started to chamber its Browning High Power Rifle in the .22-250, at the time a wildcat cartridge. This was a risky yet historical move on Browning’s part as there was no commercial production of the .22-250 at the time. John T. Amber, reporting on the development of the Browning rifle in the 1964 Gun Digest, called the event “unprecedented”. “As far as I know,” he wrote, “this is the first time a first-line arms-maker has offered a rifle chambered for a cartridge that it—or some other production ammunition maker—cannot supply.” Amber foresaw difficulties for the company but “applauded Browning’s courage in taking this step”. He said he had his order in for one of the first heavy-barrel models, expected in June 1963, and added, “I can hardly wait!”[6]
Two years later in 1965 Remington Arms adopted the .22-250, added “Remington” to the name and chambered their Model 700 and 40 XB match rifles for the cartridge along with a line of commercial ammunition, thus establishing its commercial specification.[7]
The .22-250 was the first non-Weatherby caliber offered in the unique Weatherby Mark V rifle.

Military acceptance[edit]

Both the British Special Air Service and the Australian Special Air Service Regiment used Tikka M55 sniper rifles chambered in .22-250 for urban counter-terrorism duties in the 1980s, in an attempt to reduce excessive penetration and ricochets.[8]


Typical factory-loaded .22-250 Remington can propel a 55 grain (3.56 g) spitzer bullet at 3,680 ft/s (1122 m/s) with 1,654 ft·lbf (2,243 J) of energy.[9] Many other loads with lighter bullets are used to achieve velocities of over 4,000 ft/s (1,219 m/s), while still having effective energy for use in hunting small game and medium-sized predators.
The .22-250 is currently the fastest production cartridge, surpassing the .204 Ruger. This round is loaded by Hornady under their Superformance line and is a 35 grain, non-toxic, fragmenting varmint bullet at 4450 feet per second (1356 m/s) from a 24″ barrel.
It is particularly popular in the western states of the USA where high winds often hinder the effectiveness of other varmintrounds in prairie dog hunting. Many states in the USA have minimum caliber restrictions on larger game such as deer, although most states do allow the cartridge to be used for big game.

All About Guns

Israel & Guns

Trigger warning! Some Serious Bragging coming up!

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     About 10 years ago. My wife up and told me that we were going on a tour of Israel. Okay says I and off we went.
  To say that it was a trip and a half would be an out right lie. It was easily one of the best vacations that I ever took in my life period.
Now after taking one of the longest flights ever in my life. With a lay over at the Paris Airport. (Where I was very careful to not make any Frog Jokes. The Wife was impressed by my self control for once.)
  We got there in the middle of night at the Tel Aviv Airport. Now I was expecting a very serious hassle to get into the place. Instead all we got was having your passport stamped and out the door to the Cab.
  On the other hand, getting out of the country can be a real experience. As they take their security real seriously. It took us 2 plus hours just to get on the plane home.
  Now I am not going to give the usual blah blah about the place. Or go into the incredibly complex political problems.
  But instead here is what I saw as a Gun Lover.
  In that it seemed to me. That everyone had a gun on them. It was like here with us & our Cell Phones. That and the large variety of weapons carried around was huge.
  From standard issue Gali Assault Rifles, a whole lot of M-16′ s, a M-1 carbine at Masada, To a Browning Hi Power, a whole lot of Berettas and even a Glock or two.
  But strangely enough I never did see an UZI Submachine Gun while there. Go figure!
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  The other thing was the total acceptance by society of having folks carrying guns. But then Israel is still kind of a Frontier Society. Because it is located in a very tough neighborhood.
   Some other things I like to share with you. Since almost every one was really nice to me & the Wife.
   Since I pretend to  being a “Veteran”. (I still wear a high & tight) The locals once they knew this were very friendly to me. As almost everyone there is drafted into the Army after High School for a couple of years. Even the women!
  The also asked a lot of questions about the US Army. So it was a real ice breaker. Since we were able to have a common experience to share. Then things could branch out from there.
  Also the Israelis that I met were a lot of fun to be around. They are not as hard nosed as some folks believe. They can even be some real jokers at times. Once they know you.
Image result for israeli people
  But when push come to shove they can be as hard as nails. Which can happen in a New York second.
  Another couple of hints if you go. As an American you can join the Israeli Defense Force. A lot of folks have & I have not heard anything bad about it either.
    Also do not go there like we did during the Summer time. It’s like the Hottest & most Humid place. I have been to outside of Mississippi. You just have to feel it to believe it.
  Also do not order a Bacon Lettuce & Tomato Sandwich for obvious reasons. But they do have some great beers there. They even have Coronas Beer.
  The food is pretty good too. The only strange thing is that you can have a salad for breakfast there. (There are a lot of vegetarians there)
Again go figure but it’s their country!
Here is some stuff that helps you get a feel for the Gun Culture of the Place.
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I am willing to bet that is one Teacher who has no discipline Problems with her Class
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You will see this a lot over there!
As a lot of the kids are on leave and the Army encourages them to take their guns with them.
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This place has some of the best beaches that I have ever seen by the way. As they also have some great views!
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Bottom line about this place.
I would go back again. But not during the Hot Season.
Hopefully I will be able to soon.
All About Guns

Now here is a Rifle in 223 Remington. That I would want!

The Rifle that is shown below here. Is a Ruger M77 Mk II Heavy Barrel Rifle chambered in 223.
Hopefully someday I can…..
A. Afford it
B. Find one to buy (They are might scarce around here in the People’s Republic of California)
Image result for Ruger M77 MKII .223 Rem
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Image result for Ruger M77 MKII .223 Rem
Come on Lottery or Some Kind Soul donates some money to the cause!
*Hint there is a place to donate at the bottom of the page!*

All About Guns

The Ruger # 1 Rifle


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  By Now you know doubt have figured out. I really like this Rifle. That & to be totally frank with you oh gentle reader. I really do  think that Bill Ruger was totally inspired to bring this forth in the Mid 60’s.
  In that it is one very pleasing to the eyes rifle. Since there is a total symmetry to it and I will not go on about the ergonomics of it.
  It is like a classic painting or a great looking car. One more dash of paint or line & it would of be ruined. But it wasn’t!
  Another thing that just entered into my feeble mind. Is the matter of engineering. In that with this kind of action. Is that you really can put just about any caliber into this series of gun. From little tiny rounds like the 22 Hornet to all the way up to the “Guns of Navarone” caliber.
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 (Note to younger readers, Its a great Movie by the way !)
But let us move on folks!
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  Then there is the ego thing about it. Since when you go to the range and uncase it. All of a sudden a lot of folks will start looking in your direction. As it seems to say. “Hey I only need one shot! That and I can afford it.”
  Also generally in my experience. Ruger wisely decided to put some of the best looking wood that I have ever seen on them. For me at least is is very important for me. As I just hate plastic on general principals.
  But best of all. This rifle for me at least so far. Has been one of the most accurate ones that I have bought right out of the box. Especially with the smaller calibers. Like the 223 or the 22-250 for example.
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  Now is this the perfect rifle? No not really. It does have a few issues that come to mind.
 The 1st being that they are VERY expensive. The cheapest one I have bought so far set me back $700. (It was a 458 Win Mag for my Son’s College Graduation present)
  The other thing is this. Now I do not know about you. But every one of these pieces that I have been around.
  Is that they have the most inadequate and HARD recoil pads. That I have ever seen so far.
  So off to the Gun Shop for a tuneup for you. Even the 22-250 got a new pad. (Yes I am that big a pussy now a days, when it comes to recoil !)
Image result for ruger #1 recoil pad
I could not even dream about shooting a big round like this. With the ridiculous recoil pad that is shown here. It would be a case of No way Jose!
Now here is some more info on this rifle and other technical stuff

Ruger No. 1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ruger No. 1
Ruger no1 243 right open.jpg

Ruger No. 1 rifle (with underlever down to open action)
Type Falling Block Rifle
Place of origin United States
Production history
Designer Bill Ruger
Designed 1966
Manufacturer Sturm, Ruger & Co., Inc.
Unit cost $1299[1]
Produced 1967 – present[2]
Variants Standard, Varmiter, Light Sporter, International, Tropical, Medium Sporter.
Weight 7 pounds (3.2 kg)[1]
Length 36.5–42.5 inches (93–108 cm)[1]
Barrel length 20–28 inches (51–71 cm)[1]

Cartridge Various (see article)
Action Farquharson-Style Hammerless falling block
Sights none, or open sights

Sturm Ruger Ni. 1 falling block action

The Ruger No. 1 is a single-shot rifle, with Farquharson-styleinternal hammer falling block action, manufactured by Sturm, Ruger. It was introduced in 1967.[3] An underlever lowers the block allowing loading and cocks the rifle. Lenard Brownell, commenting on his work at Ruger, said of the No. 1: “There was never any question about the strength of the action. I remember, in testing it, how much trouble I had trying to tear it up. In fact, I never did manage to blow one apart.”[4]
A shotgun-style tang safety works on the hammer and sear. Available with an Alexander-Henry, Beavertail, or Mannlicher style forearm in a multitude of calibers.

Available cartridges[edit]

Over the years, the No. 1 has been chambered in several different cartridges, among them .204 Ruger.22 Hornet.218 Bee.222 Remington.223 Remington.22 PPC.22-250 Remington.220 Swift6mm PPC6 mm Remington6.5 Creedmoor.243 Winchester.257 Roberts.25-06 Remington.264 Winchester Magnum.270 Winchester.270 Weatherby Magnum6.5mm Remington6.5×55mm6.5×284 Norma7×57mm7mm-08.280 Remington7 mm Remington Magnum7mm STW7.62x39mm.308 Winchester.30-30 Winchester.30-40 Krag.30-06 Springfield.303 British.300 Winchester Magnum.300 H&H Magnum.300 Weatherby Magnum.338 Winchester Magnum.357 Magnum.375 H&H Magnum.375 Ruger.38-55 Winchester.404 Jeffery.405 Winchester.416 Remington Magnum.416 Ruger.416 Rigby.45-70 Government.460 S&W Magnum.458 Winchester Magnum.458 Lott9.3×74mmR and .450/400 Nitro Express

All About Guns

Why I keep on buying Sporterized Bolt Action Rifles
Why I keep on buying Sporterized Bolt Action Rifles – You Will Shoot Your  Eye Out

    Some how it seems that I have never been really loaded down with bags of excess bags of cash. Not I am not complaining about it.
  I also really respect those folks who thru hard work and even harder thinking have done so. More power to them is all that I will say.

  So while I have a couple of Model 70 Winchester locked away. I even have a Pre -64 one too. Which I can honestly say that they are very fine rifles and always shoot true for me.
  But the majority of my rifles in the safe are either modified Mauser 98 or the modified 1903 Springfield’s Rifles . So why do you ask is this so?
  Well here goes the old fool again.
  As the Sainted Col. Townsend Whelen* said once a long time ago. “The only interesting rifle is an accurate one”.
  I also know for a fact that he owned a piss pot full of Sporterized rifles. Before he sadly passed away long ago to a well earned trip to Gun Writers Valhalla.
 Even today if one keeps a sharp eye open. It is still possible to buy a nice sporterized 1903 Springfield or Mauser 98 for under say $600 U.S.D. Sometimes even less if the Gun Gods are happy with you.
  Now try doing that with any of the modern bolt actions that are up for sale lately.
  Like for example  a Browning or say a Model anything Winchester or even a Ruger. If you do so then well done my boy & the first round is on you!
  As it seems that most of these new rifles are now being price at over $1500 or better. With no frills or whistles and with a plastic almost everything on it nowadays.
    Now since I do not know how its is in your neck of the woods. But where I come from. That is one hell of a pile of money & not a good deal for Joe six pack.
  Now this is what I have done in the past. I also hope that it can continue for me & you also.
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 As usually I have to do the following things to it for it to become a solid shooter.
1. Give it a good cleaning.
  I do not know why! But a lot of  folks never clean their guns. But then I use this against them. When I am bargaining with the seller. Yes I am shameless whore when it comes to money at times.
2. I almost always have to replace the recoil pad.
  As you can guess by now.  I am very allergic to steel butt plates for some silly reason.
3. I put in a Timney trigger in place of the original trigger system.
  It just amazes me how much of a difference this makes at the range. Bottom line it’s usually money very well spent.
4. Up grade the scope and have it bore sighted.
  This is service is usually free if I buy it at a shop. It will also save you a lot of time and ammo when you zero in.
  Now there are some good outfits that put out some fine rifle scopes. I myself am partial to BSA. But to each his own. But then I myself just cannot afford Leupold Scopes or Zeiss ones either.
Image result for bsa rifle scopes
 Now if you want something a bit different. Like say another caliber.
  You can do this with a sporterized 1903, 1917 Enfield or 98 rifle. As I have either owned , shot or seen many variables of calibers in a custom rifle.
For Example – 22-250, 220 Swift, 243 Win,. 7×57, 35-06, 308, 6.5 Swede. And a lot of other calibers that I can not remember right now.
  Now if you really have some desire to build a real muscle gun. A 1917 Enfield has one of the strongest action ever made.
Image result for 1917 enfield sporterized
  So you can rebarrel it for some mighty big calibers. If you want to go down that road.  Like the 458 Win Mag for example.
  But hopefully someone else has done the deed beforehand and now you can profit from this.
Image result for custom mauser 98
   This is where some serious cash can be spent.In my experience I have spent a thousand dollars on one barrel redo alone.
  Should I have done it? God alone knows. But now I have a 6.5 Creedmore, a 220 Swift and a 243 Winchester that will shoot better than I ever could.
How about you?
  Well that is between you and your wallet. So I shall leave it there for you to decide.
Bottom line – If they are well taken care of. These rifles will be on the firing line for the next century or two. Since their are made of good Steel & Wood.
  They also have the Mauser extraction system built in them. So that you will never really worry about ejecting a spent cartridge.  They are also very tough and reliable.
  Plus it is a one of a kind rifle. That will get the job done and done right. If the person behind it has the right stuff!
  The only major problem might be in getting ammo for them. But that is not an insurmountable one to a motivated Americans.
Image result for custom 1903 springfield
* The Good Colonel was a real Wild man in his times. My Uncle gave me his Magus Opus Book “Mr. Rifleman” to me back in Xmas 1969. I still have it and I am still learning things from him and it.
  Which probably means two things . I am not too bright and two it’s one hell of a book.
Image result for mr rifleman book cover townsend whelen
All About Guns

The 223 or the Birth of the Black Gun

Image result for THe 223 Remington
   Now in the current spirit of semi full Disclosure. I shall make no bones about the fact. That I do not like The M16 and its brood of children.
  Since I think that they look dreadful and give the Anti Gun Owners/ A whole lot of ammo to use against the 2nd Amendment.
  Also  these rifles do look very scary to such folks and other misinformed people. Especially when you see stuff like this below.
Image result for THe 223 Remington
Or this puppy too!
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Or stunts like this. Hint – “It is not helping the cause Folks!”
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  But I do understand why it’s so popular. Being that all the major powers have or are going over to the trend. As that it has been found that  plastic can be a good material for rifles.
  It is also tough enough to stand the average GI handling of it in the field.
  Just do not get me going on making something GI proof. Since the Gomer Pyle types are still well and alive in our Armed Forces. Just ask any Officer or NCO.
  Also & I am the first to freely admit it. It is a lot of fun to empty a full magazine at say a Watermelon like the Gunny does on TV.
Image result for r lee ermey watermelon
Image result for r lee ermey watermelon
   Another reason is that also there are a lot of women in the military today. So with the smaller caliber it is easier to train them up with a lighter recoil rifle.*
   That & it is a proven fact. That you can carry more ammo than you can with a full bore round like the 308. Now this sounds silly to some folks.
  But just you wait until you have to go on a long walk with a lot of gear. After the first mile or so. You too will see the light. I sure as hell did!
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  But enough of my ranting, ravings and Old Guy stuff!
Bottom Line -I will take a bolt action rifle over one of the AR Family most of the time.   Except when the Zombies show up of course.
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  Now here is some more info about the 223. That frankly is  a lot better written outline than I could do.

.223 Remington

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
.223 Remington
223 Remington.jpg

A variety of .223 Remington cartridges and a .308 Winchester (right) for comparison. Bullets in .223 cartridges (left to right): Montana Gold 55 grain Full Metal Jacket, Sierra 55 grain Spitzer Boat Tail, Nosler/Winchester 55 grain Combined Technology, Hornady 60 grain V-MAX, Barnes 62 grain Tipped Triple-Shock X, Nosler 69 grain Hollow Point Boat Tail, Swift 75 grain Scirocco II.
Type Rifle
Place of origin United States
Production history
Designer Remington Arms
Designed 1962
Produced 1964–present
Variants .223 Ackley Improved, 5.56×45mm NATO
Parent case .222 Remington
Case type Rimless, bottleneck
Bullet diameter 0.224 in (5.7 mm)
Neck diameter 0.253 in (6.4 mm)
Shoulder diameter 0.354 in (9.0 mm)
Base diameter 0.376 in (9.6 mm)
Rim diameter 0.378 in (9.6 mm)
Rim thickness 0.045 in (1.1 mm)
Case length 1.76 in (45 mm)
Overall length 2.26 in (57 mm)
Rifling twist 1 in 12 inch (military style rifles use 1:7 to 1:10 to stabilize longer bullets)
Primer type Small rifle
Maximum pressure (SAAMI) 55,000 psi (380 MPa)
Maximum pressure (CIP) 62,366 psi (430.00 MPa)
Maximum CUP 52000 CUP
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
36 gr (2 g) JHP 3,750 ft/s (1,140 m/s) 1,124 ft·lbf (1,524 J)
55 (3.5 g) Nosler ballistic tip 3,240 ft/s (990 m/s) 1,282 ft·lbf (1,738 J)
60 (3.9 g) Nosler partition 3,160 ft/s (960 m/s) 1,330 ft·lbf (1,800 J)
69 (4.48 g) BTHP 2,950 ft/s (900 m/s) 1,333 ft·lbf (1,807 J)
77 (5 g) BTHP 2,750 ft/s (840 m/s) 1,293 ft·lbf (1,753 J)
Test barrel length: 24 inches (61 cm)
Source(s): [1][2]

The .223 Remington (.223 Rem) is a rifle cartridge. The name is commonly pronounced either two-twenty-three or two-two-three Remington. It is commercially loaded with 0.224 inch (5.56 mm) diameter jacketed bullets, with weights ranging from 40 to 85 grains (2.6 to 5.8 g), though the most common loading by far is 55 grains (3.6 g). A 90 gr Sierra Matchking bullet is available for reloaders.[3]The .223 Rem was first offered to the civilian sporting market in December 1963 in the Remington 760 rifle. [4] In 1964 the .223 Rem cartridge was adopted for use in the Colt M16 rifle which became an alternate standard rifle of the U.S. Army. The military version of the cartridge uses a 55 gr full metal jacket boattail design and was designated M193. In 1980 NATO modified the .223 Remington into a new design which is designated 5.56×45mm NATO type SS109.[5]


From left: .222 Remington, .223 Remington and .222 Remington Magnum

1957: The development of the cartridge which eventually became the .223 Remington was intrinsically linked to the development of a new lightweight combat rifle. The cartridge and rifle were developed by Fairchild Industries, Remington Arms and several engineers working toward a goal developed by U.S. Continental Army Command (CONARC). Early development work began in 1957. A project to create a Small Caliber High Velocity (SCHV) firearm was created. Eugene Stoner of Armalite was invited to scale down the AR-10 (7.62 mm) design. Winchester was also invited to participate.[4] [5] The parameters requested by CONARC were:

  • .22 Caliber
  • Bullet exceeding supersonic speed at 500 yards [4] [5]
  • Rifle weight 6 lbs
  • Magazine capacity of 20 rounds
  • Select fire for both semi-automatic and fully automatic use
  • Penetration of US Steel helmet one side, at 500 yards
  • Penetration of .135″ steel plate at 500 yards
  • Accuracy and ballistics equal to M2 Ball ammunition (.30-06 M1 Garand)
  • Wounding ability equal to the M1 Carbine [5]

Springfield Armory‘s Earle Harvey lengthened the .222 Remington cartridge case to meet the requirements. It was then known as the .224 Springfield. Concurrently with the SCHV project Springfield armory is developing a 7.62 mm rifle. Harvey was ordered to cease all work on the SCHV to avoid any competition of resources.
Eugene Stoner of Armalite (a division of Fairchild Industries) had been advised to produce a scaled down version of the 7.62 mm AR-10 design. In May 1957 Stoner gave a live fire demonstration of the prototype of the AR-15 for General Wyman. As a result, CONARC ordered rifles to test. Stoner and Sierra Bullet’s Frank Snow began work on the .222 Remington cartridge. Using a ballistic calculator they determined that a 55 grain bullet would have to be fired at 3,300fps to achieve the 500 yard performance necessary.[5]
Robert Hutton (Technical Editor of Guns and Ammo Magazine) started development of a powder load to reach the 3,300 fps goal. He used DuPont IMR4198, IMR3031 and an Olin Powder to work up loads. Testing was done with a Remington 722 rifle with a 22″ Apex Barrel. During a public demonstration the round successfully penetrated the US steel helmet as required. But testing showed chamber pressures to be excessively high.[4][5]
Stoner contacted both Winchester and Remington about increasing the case capacity. Remington created a larger cartridge called the .222 Special. This cartridge is loaded with DuPont IMR4475 powder.[5]
1958: During parallel testing of the T44E4 (future M14) and the AR-15 the T44E4 experienced 16 failures per 1,000 rounds fired compared to 6.1 for the AR-15.[5]
1959: Because of several different .222 caliber cartridges which were being developed for the SCHV project the 222 Special was renamed .223 Remington. In May of that year a report was produced stating that 5 to 7 man squads armed with AR-15 rifles have a higher hit probability than 11 man squads armed with the M-14 rifle. At a 4th of July picnic Air Force General Curtis Le May tested the AR-15 and was very impressed with it. He ordered a number of them to replace M2 carbines that were in use by the Air Force. In November of that year testing at Aberdeen Proving Ground showed the AR-15 failure rate had declined to 2.5/1,000 resulting in the AR-15 being approved for Air Force Trials.[5]
In 1961 a marksmanship testing compared the AR-15 and M-14. 43 % of AR-15 shooters achieved Expert while only 22 % of M-14 rifle shooters did. General Le May ordered 80,000 rifles.[5]
1962: In the spring of 1962 Remington submitted the specifications of the .223 Remington to the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers’ Institute (SAAMI). In July operational testing ended with a recommendation for adoption of the AR-15 rifle chambered in .223 Remington.[5]
1963: September the .223 Remington cartridge was officially accepted and named “Cartridge, 5.56 mm Ball, M193.” The specification included a Remington-designed bullet and the use of IMR4475 Powder which resulted in a muzzle velocity of 3,250 feet per second and a chamber pressure of 52,000psi.[5] The .223 Remington was ballistically between the .222 Remington and the .222 Remington Magnum. It emerged from the .224 Springfield. The popularity of .223 Remington was so great that in the US it virtually eliminated the chambering of new firearms in .222 Remington and .222 Remington Magnum which included both semi-automatic and bolt (manual) action firearms. Outside the US and in areas in Europe where military chamberings are restricted, the .222 Remington remained popular, filling the same market niche.

Cartridge dimensions[edit]

The .223 Remington has 28.8 grains (1.87 ml H2O) cartridge case capacity.[6]
.223 Remington.jpg
.223 Remington maximum C.I.P. cartridge dimensions. All sizes in millimeters (mm).[7]
Americans would define the shoulder angle at alpha/2 = 23 degrees. The common rifling twist rate for this cartridge is 305 mm (1 in 12 in), 6 grooves, Ø lands = 5.56 millimetres (0.219 in), Ø grooves = 5.69 millimetres (0.224 in), land width = 1.88 millimetres (0.074 in) and the primer type is small rifle.
According to the official C.I.P. (Commission Internationale Permanente pour l’Epreuve des Armes à Feu Portatives) rulings the .223 Remington can handle up to 430.00 MPa (62,366 psi) Pmax piezo pressure. In C.I.P. regulated countries every rifle cartridge combo has to be proofed at 125% of this maximum C.I.P. pressure to certify for sale to consumers.[8] This means that .223 Remington chambered arms in C.I.P. regulated countries are currently (2016) proof tested at 537.50 MPa (77,958 psi) PE piezo pressure. This is equal to the NATO maximum service pressure guideline for the 5.56×45mm NATOcartridge.
The SAAMI pressure limit for the .223 Remington is set at 379.212 MPa (55,000 psi), piezo pressure.[9][10] Remington submitted .223 Remengton specifications to SAAMI in 1964.[5] The original diagrams use English Inch measurements.

Rifling in .223 Remington[edit]

Rifling is expressed as a ratio. A 1 in 12″ ratio means that rifling is cut so that the bullet rotates 360° after having traveled 12″. This is expressed as 1:12 spoken as 1 in 12 inches. Rifling must match the bullet design (length, weight and projectile shape) which a shooter intends to use in order to maintain accuracy.
The .223 Remington is one of the most common rifle cartridges in use in the United States, being widely used in two types of rifles:

The Sturm, Ruger & Co. AR-556 has rifling at 1:8. Their Mini-14 rifles have a rate of 1:9. Ruger’s American Rifle Bolt Action is also in 1:8.[11] Smith and Wesson in their M&P15 also uses 1:7.[12] The buyer must decide what the purpose of the rifle is and what weight bullets will be used before purchasing a rifle so that the correct rifling and chamber is used in the construction. The 5.56 mm NATO chamber will shoot either 5.56 mm NATO or .223 Rem. and is used by most makers of complete rifles and components.
Many AR (Armalite) type rifles use 1:9 which is suitable for bullets up to 69 grains or 4.5 grams or 1:7 which is suitable for bullets up to 85 grains or 5.5 grams. Many AR rifle owners choose to build their own rifles which is facilitated by a huge variety of barrels, and other components. The custom built AR may have a barrel from 7.5″ (which is classed as a Pistol) to as long as 24″ used in Varmint rifles primarily, often with Wylde or Noveske chambering. US AR builders tend to follow the same trend as the US military in building rifles with Picatinny rails that support many accessories.[13]

Cartridge case[edit]

The external dimensional specifications of .223 Remington and 5.56 NATO brass cases are identical. The cases tend to have similar case capacity when measured, with variations chiefly due to brand, not 5.56 vs .223 designation. The result of this is that there is no such thing as “5.56 brass” or “.223 brass”, the differences in the cartridges lie in powder loads which are affected by variations in case capacity. Brass for the 5.56 mm tends to be thicker. If handloaded, care must be taken to look for pressure signs as 5.56 mm cases may produce higher pressures with the same type of powder and bullet as compared to .223 Rem cases. Case capacities have been observed to vary by as much as 2.6 grains. Sierra provides separate loading sections for .223 Rem and 5.56 mm NATO and also recommends different loads for bolt action rifles as compared to semi-automatic rifles.[14][15]

.223 Remington vs. 5.56×45mm NATO Chambers[edit]

The .223 Remington and 5.56×45mm NATO barrel chamberings are dissimilar.[16] While the cartridges are identical other than powder load, bullet weight, and chamber pressure, a significant difference is in barrel of the rifle to be used, not in the cartridge. The chamber leade (throating in the USA) of the barrels of these rifles differ between designs.
The leade is the distance from the projectile while seated in the case to the rifling, which is typically shorter in .223 Remington commercial chambers. Because of this, a cartridge loaded to generate 5.56 × 45 mm NATO pressures in a 5.56 × 45 mm NATO chamber may develop pressures that exceed SAAMI limits for .223 Remington when fired from a short-leade .223 Remington chamber. See the section on .223 Remington#Pressure
The throating issue exists because in the USA it has been traditional to have short chambers so that the bullet is being engraved at the moment of insertion. European practice has more of a forcing cone construction which can, by itself, allow significantly higher chamber pressure. All Sig-Sauer handguns (for example) have European throating and all are certified to fire +P ammunition. Short throating and unnoticed bullet setback can easily increase chamber pressures by more than 10,000 psi.
It has been observed that 5.56 × 45 mm NATO ammunition is not as accurate as .223 Remington in many of the AR type rifles extant even with the same bullet weight. A solution to the problem has been developed by Bill Wylde and it bears his name. .223 Wylde is not a cartridge, it is a barrel chamber specification – with the external dimensions and lead angle as found in the military 5.56 × 45 mm NATO cartridge and the 0.224 inch freebore diameter as found in the civilian SAAMI .223 Remington cartridge – that was designed to increase the accuracy of 5.56×45mm NATO ammunition to that of .223 Remington.[17] The Noveske company also has a chamber design which increases 5.56mm NATO accuracy.[18]


Remington submitted the specifications for .223 Remington cartridge in 1964 to SAAMI. The original pressure for the .223 Rem was 52,000 psi with DuPont IMR Powder. The current pressure of 55,000 psi (379 MPa) resulted from the change from IMR to Olin Ball powder. [5] The official name for .223 Remington in the US Army is Cartridge 5.56 x 45mm Ball, M193. If a 5.56×45 mm NATO cartridge is loaded into a chamber intended to use .223 Remington the bullet will be in contact with the rifling and the forcing cone is very tight. This generates a much higher pressure than .223 chambers are designed for.[19] NATO chose a 178 mm (1-in-7″) rifling twist rate for the 5.56×45mm NATO chambering. The SS109/M855 5.56×45mm NATO ball cartridge requires a 228 mm (1-in-9″) twist rate, while adequately stabilizing the longer NATO L110/M856 5.56×45mm NATO tracer projectile requires an even faster 178 mm (1-in-7″) twist rate.[5]
The table contains some estimated pressures based on normal proofing practice and on the known increases in pressure caused by bullet setback (which is a similar occurrence with regard to pressure). The Proof pressure of M197 is 70,000 psi. [20]
Here is a table showing the differences in nomenclature, rifling, throating, normal, maximum and safe pressures:[5][4]

Cartridge US Designation NATO Designation Bullet Rifling Throat Pressure in NATO Chamber in .223 SAAMI Chamber Safe Sustained
.223 Remington .223 Rem 55gr FMJBT 1:14 tight 52,000 psi (359 MPa) 52,000 psi (359 MPa) Yes
.223 Remington M193 5.56 × 45 mm 55gr FMJBT 1:12 tight 55,000 psi (379 MPa) 55,000 psi (379 MPa) Yes
.223 Remington M197 C10524197-56-2 1:12 tight 70,000 psi (483 MPa) 70,000 psi (483 MPa) One time only
5.56×45 mm NATO M855 SS109 62 gr Ball 1:7 long 62,366 psi (430 MPa) EPVAT over 70,000 psi (483 MPa) No
5.56×45 mm NATO M856 L110 77gr Tracer 1:7 long 62,366 psi (430 MPa) EPVAT over 70,000 psi (483 MPa) No
5.56×45 mm NATO M857 SS111 Tungsten Carbide 1:7 long 62,366 psi (430 MPa) EPVAT over 70,000 psi (483 MPa) No
5.56×45 mm NATO Proof Proof unknown 1:7 long 77,958 psi (538 MPa) EPVAT 82,250 psi (567 MPa) estimated No

Beside the NATO EPVAT testing pressure testing protocols the other employed peak pressure measurement methodology or methodologies to correlate this table remain unknown.

Effects of barrel length on velocity[edit]

Barrel length helps determine a specific cartridge’s muzzle velocity. A longer barrel will typically yield a greater muzzle velocity, while a short barrel will yield a lower one. The first AR-15 rifles used a barrel length of 20″. In the case of the .223 Rem (M193) ammunition loses or gains approximately 25.7 feet-per-second for each inch of barrel length, while 5.56 x 45 mm NATO (M855) loses or gains 30.3 feet-per-second per inch of barrel length.[21]

Related cartridges[edit]

P.O. Ackley created an improved version of this cartridge, called the .223 Ackley Improved.[22] It has the straight sides and steep shoulder, typical of the Ackley design improvements, yielding about 5 % extra case volume. This, in turn, provides longer case life, less stretching, and up to 140 ft/s (43 m/s) faster velocities.[23]
Wildcat cartridge developers have for a long time necked this cartridge up to create the 6 mm/223 or 6 × 45 mm. At one time this round was very popular for varmint hunting and competition, but has been replaced by current popular competition cartridges using short, fat cases, such as the 6 mm PPC and the 6mm Norma BR.[citation needed]
The Thompson/Center Ugalde family of wildcat cartridges are also made by necking up .223 Remington cases, for use in the Thompson/Center Contender target pistol.[citation needed]

All About Guns

What the Other (Rich) Half take to the Field

Now here below is what I call a High End Custom Bolt Action Rifles.
Image result for Purdey bolt action Rifle
It’s probably from Purdey or Holland & Holland. Where you place your order and in a couple of years. You then will hopefully get it.
(I also have been told that the waiting list is very long. That & it has some very distinguished names on it. But the Staff is way too discrete to say who.)
Image result for holland & holland  london
Image result for Purdy gun shop london
But first, It is only after you put down several thousand British pounds. (They take Credit Cards by the way)
That the process is started. When you get to go thru the catalog to see what you want on it.
The customer is then gotten measured for it. (Just like a Saville Suit) With the Head Clerk asking a lot of very good questions on what the Gentleman wants & needs are.
This place is also where the idea of High End European Craftsman ship is still alive & well. (The Gunsmiths there actually wear ties while working on their projrcts)
So as you can plainly see, It is a long ways from some of the other stuff. That you see being sold at most gun shops today.
I myself would love to have one of these someday. But I just never seem to get the right numbers on the Lottery for some reason.
But looking is free & one can still dream of having a couple in the Old Gun Safe. Someday!
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Below also is a highly customized Pre-64 Winchester. As you can see its no slouch either.
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All About Guns

Remington Mod. 721 Rifle

Image result for Remington Model 721
Image result for Remington Model 721
Remington Arms Co, Inc. - MOD. 721 25 INCH BL W-REDFIELD SCOPE NICE BORE! - Picture 1
Remington Arms Co, Inc. - MOD. 721 25 INCH BL W-REDFIELD SCOPE NICE BORE! - Picture 2
Remington Arms Co, Inc. - MOD. 721 25 INCH BL W-REDFIELD SCOPE NICE BORE! - Picture 3
Remington Arms Co, Inc. - MOD. 721 25 INCH BL W-REDFIELD SCOPE NICE BORE! - Picture 4
Remington Arms Co, Inc. - MOD. 721 25 INCH BL W-REDFIELD SCOPE NICE BORE! - Picture 5
Remington Arms Co, Inc. - MOD. 721 25 INCH BL W-REDFIELD SCOPE NICE BORE! - Picture 6
Remington Arms Co, Inc. - MOD. 721 25 INCH BL W-REDFIELD SCOPE NICE BORE! - Picture 7
Remington Arms Co, Inc. - MOD. 721 25 INCH BL W-REDFIELD SCOPE NICE BORE! - Picture 8
Remington Arms Co, Inc. - MOD. 721 25 INCH BL W-REDFIELD SCOPE NICE BORE! - Picture 9

Attachments area
Preview YouTube video Firearms Hall of Fame – Remington Model 721 Bolt Action Rifle

Remington Model 721

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Remington 721, 722, & 725
Type Rifle
Place of origin United States
Production history
Designer Mike Walker & Homer W. Young
Manufacturer Remington Arms
Produced 1948–1962
No. built
  • Model 721 & 722 – ~118,000
  • Model 725 – ~17,000
Variants 722, 725
721 Calibers:
722 Calibers:
725 Calibers:
Action Bolt actionrotating bolt with 2 lugs
Feed system Internal box magazine
Sights Iron Sights with scope mount holes
The Model 721, 722, and 725 are bolt-action firearmsmanufactured by Remington Arms from 1948 through 1962. They replaced the earlier Model 30 and abortive Model 720. Though produced in relatively small numbers compared to the Winchester Model 70, the Remington model 721 series served as the basis for the highly successful Model 700 series of rifles.


The Remington Model 721 was born out of Remington’s experience building martial arms during the Second World War. Because of the need to make numerous arms cheaply, manufacturing technology had advanced to a point where production of pre-war models had become too expensive. The Model 720, an improved Model 30, had been designed as the flagship bolt-action rifle for Remington, however production had halted during the war. Remington had a choice of resuming production of an expensive rifle or simplifying the design for mass economical production. They chose a redesign.

Design details[edit]

When compared to the Mauser 98 action, the Remington introduced several features meant to decrease production time and cost as well as increase the accuracy potential.[1] The first was a redesign of the receiver from a billet-machined structure to a round profile. The round receiver can be produced on a lathe rather than requiring a mill. The recoil lug was a simple plate of steel sandwiched between the barrel and receiver.
The bolt was redesigned and made from multiple pieces. The large claw extractor was eliminated in favor of a small, but effective part mounted in a newly recessed bolt face. The ejector was now a plunger on the bolt face rather than a blade mounted in the receiver. The safety was simplified and a new trigger mechanism was fitted.


The Model 722 was a short-action version designed for shorter cartridges. The Model 725 was a deluxe version with a larger, Model-30 style safety and Monte Carlo stock. All rifles were available in various grades and calibers.
721A Standard grade
721BDL Deluxe grade
722A Standard grade
722BDL Deluxe grade

All About Guns

THe Current Queen of England and Guns

As you can see also that the Current Queen and her family know their away around a guns. (She was in the British Army during WWII)

That and like the rest of the British Aristicracy / Rich Folks. They are really  into hunting and not just with Cameras.
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It must of been nice to have your own hunting lodge I mean Empire!
I just could not resist it, But I do not think that this one is real by the way!
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Thanks for spending your time on this!
The Grumpy Old Teacher (Ret)