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The AR-7 Survival Rifle

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Armalite AR-7

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
AR-7
AR7rifle.jpg

Armalite AR-7 survival rifle with 8-, 10-, and 15-round magazines.
Type Survival rifle
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1959–Present
Production history
Designer Eugene Stoner
Designed 1958
Variants Armalite AR-7 Explorer;
Charter Arms AR-7 Explorer;
Charter Arms Explorer II Pistol;
Israeli Pilot’s Survival Rifle;
Henry U.S. Survival .22
Specifications
Weight 1.13 kg
Length 889 mm
Barrel length 406 mm

Cartridge .22 Long Rifle
Action Straight blowback-operated
Rate of fire Semi-automatic
Muzzle velocity 1,080 ft/s (329 m/s) to
1,280 ft/s (390 m/s)
(varies by type of .22 LR cartridge)
Effective firing range 100 m
Feed system Standard 8-round magazine. 10-, 15-, 25-round magazines available.
Sights Aperture rear and drift-adjustable front.

The ArmaLite AR-7 Explorer is a semi-automatic firearm in .22 Long Rifle caliber developed from the AR-5 that was adopted by the U.S. Air Force as a pilot and aircrew survival weapon.[1]
The AR-7 was adopted and modified by the Israeli Air Force as an aircrew survival weapon.
The AR-7 was designed by American firearms designer Eugene Stoner, who is most associated with the development of the AR-15rifle that was adopted by the US military as the M16.
The civilian AR-7’s intended markets today are backpackers and other recreational users as a takedown utility rifle.
The AR-7 is often recommended for use by outdoor users of recreational vehicles (automobile, airplane or boat) who might have need for a weapon for foraging or defense in a wilderness emergency.

History & design[edit]

The prototype of what would become the AR-7 was designed by Eugene Stoner at ArmaLite Inc., a division of Fairchild Aircraft.
The rifle shares some of the features of the bolt-action AR-5, another rifle designed by Stoner for ArmaLite and adopted by the United States Air Force in 1956 as the MA-1.[2]
The MA-1 was intended to replace the M4 Survival Rifle and the M6 Aircrew Survival Weapon which was a superimposed (“over-under”) twin-barrel rifle/shotgun chambered in .22 Hornet and .410 bore, using a break-open action.
The AR-5 had the advantage of repeat fire over the then-standard M6, using the same .22 Hornet cartridge.
When the AR-5 was adopted as the MA-1 but was not placed in issue due to the numbers of usable M4 and M6 survival weapons in USAF inventory, ArmaLite used the research and tooling for the AR-5 in developing the AR-7 for the civilian market.[3]

Armalite AR-7 Explorer internal parts assembled (left sideplate removed)

 
The AR-7 uses a blowback semi-automatic action in .22 Long Rifle but retains the AR-5/MA-1 feature of storing the disassembled parts within the hollow stock, which is filled with plastic foam and capable of floating.[4][5]
Like the bolt-action AR-5, the AR-7 was designed as a survival rifle for foraging small game for food. The AR-7 is constructed primarily of aluminum, with plastic for the stock, buttcap, and recoil spring guide.
The bolt is steel. The original barrel was aluminum using a rifled steel liner; barrels of some production models have used all steel barrels, others have used barrels made of composite materials.[6]
The AR-7 measures 35 inches overall when assembled. It disassembles to four sections (barrelactionstock, and magazine), with three parts storing inside the plastic stock, measuring 16 inches long.
The rifle weighs 2.5 pounds, light enough for convenient backpacking. The rear sight is a peep sight, which comes on a flat metal blade with an aperture (in later production two different size apertures available by removing and flipping the rear sight), and is adjustable for elevation (up-down).
The front sight is adjustable for windage (side-to-side). Accuracy is sufficient for hunting small game at ranges to 50 yards.

Performance[edit]

Reliability of the AR-7 is highly dependent on the condition of the magazine and on the ammunition used, perhaps more so than with other models of semi-automatic .22 caliber rifles.
The feed ramp is part of the magazine and subject to damage from mishandling. Flat-nosed bullets tend to jam on the edge of the chamber of the barrel.
The transition of cartridge from magazine to barrel can be smoothed by minor beveling of the chamber of the barrel, by using round-nosed as opposed to flat-nosed bullets and by paying attention to condition of the feed lips and feed ramp of the magazine.
Later production magazines include an external wire spring to align the cartridge; earlier magazines used two pinch marks at the top of the magazine body, which in use could become sprung open or worn.[citation needed]
All iterations of the AR-7 from the Armalite to the Henry U.S. Survival rifle use a bolt and dual recoil springs that are heavy compared to most other .22 semiautomatics.
The AR-7 requires high velocity ammunition for reliable functioning. The manufacturers recommend use of 40 grain round nose bullets in high velocity loadings.
It is possible to manually load a single round into the firing chamber, allowing use of flat nosed bullets or low velocity or subsonic ammunition.
The barrel takedown nut tends to loosen during firing and may need hand-tightening to maintain both accuracy and reliability.
Armalite sold the design to Charter Arms in 1973. According to some accounts posted by enthusiasts, this is when quality began to deteriorate.[7]
Barrels were said to have a tendency to warp. Other sources state that the first production at Charter had problems which were corrected in later production runs.[3]

Production history[edit]

(Summary of information available in The Blue Book of Gun Values)

  • 1959-1973: ArmaLite
  • 1973-1990: Charter Arms
  • 1990-1997: Survival Arms – Cocoa, Florida
  • 1998-2004: AR-7 Industries – LLC, Meriden, Connecticut (bought by ArmaLite in 2004)
  • 1997–2007: Henry Repeating Arms Co. – Brooklyn, New York
  • 2007–present: Henry Repeating Arms Co. – Bayonne, New Jersey

AR-7 variants[edit]

Armalite AR-7 Explorer[edit]

Armalite barrels had a steel liner in an aluminum shell. The Armalite stock did not accept the receiver with a magazine in place and the gun was normally sold with one magazine.
The receiver did not provide for a scope mount. The rear sight was a peep aperture, adjustable for elevation. The front sight was drift-adjustable for windage.

Argentine variant[edit]

The AR-7 was also manufactured in Argentina as the Sistema de Armas .22 LR Fire de Brenta.[8] It came with various barrel lengths, shrouds and fixed rifle stocks as well as pistol grips with retractable stocks.

Herter’s Outdoor Supply[edit]

Herter’s, Hy Hunter and American International Distributors marketed .22 replicas of the Broomhandle Mauser (as “Bolomauser”), Thompson submachine gun (as “T-62 Civilian Defense Model”) and M1 Carbine made on AR-7 receivers and barrels.[9]

Charter Arms AR-7 Explorer[edit]

The Charter Arms AR-7 Explorer rifle basically replicated the Armalite AR-7 Explorer with variations in finish.

Charter Arms Explorer II pistol[edit]

Explorer II pistol with 8 inch barrel

Explorer II was a pistol version of the AR-7.[10] It resembled a Broomhandle Mauser. The receiver had a built-in pistol grip with no provision for the rifle stock (the internal parts are interchangeable between rifle and pistol).
The rear sight of the pistol was an open notch adjustable for windage and elevation. The Explorer II front sight was integral with the barrel shell and was not adjustable.
The magazine well in front of the trigger guard would accept any magazine designed for the rifle. A spare 8-round magazine could be carried inside the grip.
The most common barrel was six inches. Optional barrel lengths included eight and ten inches.

Legal note[edit]

Alignment lug is on barrel underside

Because the U.S. 1934 NFA regulations set the minimum rifle barrel length at 16 inches, Charter Arms made the barrels of the Explorer I rifle and Explorer II pistol non-interchangeable to prevent installing the pistol barrel on the rifle.
The AR-7 barrel has an alignment lug that mates a notch in the receiver. The rifle receiver notch and barrel lug are on top; the pistol notch and lug are broader and on the bottom.
If a Charter Arms factory-made pistol barrel were installed on a rifle, the extractor on the bolt would be opposite the extractor slot in the barrel, preventing the bolt from closing (plus the front sight would be upside down).
Modifying the pistol barrel to fit the rifle, or modifying the rifle receiver to accept the pistol barrel, would be “making a short barrel rifle” legally requiring federal registration on an ATF Form 1 with payment of a $200.00 tax.
Conversely, after the Supreme Court ruling in United States v. Thompson/Center Arms Co.,[11] modifying the pistol to accept the rifle barrel and/or stock, or modifying the rifle barrel or stock to fit the pistol is legal so long as you do not have the rifle stock attached at the same time as the pistol barrel.
It is legal (as a pistol) to have the rifle barrel attached with the pistol grip; there is no federal maximum pistol barrel length.

AR-7 Industries[edit]

AR-7 Industries made solid steel barrels much heavier than the AR-7 barrels by Armalite, Charter or Henry.

Henry Survival Rifle[edit]

In 1980, the design and production rights passed on to Henry Repeating Arms and the compact rifle was slightly revised. The AR-7 is now (2015) known as the Henry U.S. Survival AR-7 rifle. An ABS material replaced the original stock plastic, which was prone to cracking and failure.
The receiver recess in the Henry stock allows storage of receiver with a magazine in place and the rifle is normally sold with two magazines.
The latest versions of the Henry allow for storage of three magazines total, with two in the stock recess, and one in the receiver. The modern Henry U.S. Survival rifle is also water resistant.
They now include a full Teflon coating on the outer surface. A 3/8 in. Weaver Tip-off mount rail milled into the top of the receiver for attaching a wide variety of optics is now a standard feature.

Israeli pilot’s survival rifle[edit]

Another variant was made by Armalite and sold to the Israeli Military for use as pilot/aircrew survival weapons.[12]
The Israelis further modified these rifles, adding a telescoping stock, a pistol grip from a FAL-type rifle, shortening the barrel (to 13.5 inches), and adding a front sight based on the K98k Mauser.
After Israeli service, some of these rifles were re-imported into the U.S. by Bricklee Trading Company (the barrels are marked with the BTC identification as required by U.S. laws on imported guns) for sale on the civilian market, and command a premium among collectors.
In order to comply with U.S. Federal law, a 3-inch muzzle brake had to be permanently attached in order to meet the minimum 16-inch-barrel requirement.

Operation[edit]

The AR-7 functions as a simple or plain blowback semi-automatic. The AR-7 is a light firearm with heavy bolt and twin recoil springs and must be firmly held for reliable blowback operation.

Range safety issue[edit]

As is common with many blowback .22 rifles, the AR-7 bolt cannot be locked open to demonstrate the weapon is in a safe unloaded state. Firearms without a built-in “bolt hold-open” device may be banned from use at some firing ranges.
Other firing range operators allow use of an open bolt indicator to prop the bolt open so that the chamber is visible. The yellow plastic flag for CMP range use is recommended or a spent cartridge case may be accepted to indicate open bolt.
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Aftermarket modifications[edit]

The fact that both the barrel and stock are detachable has led to a plethora of after-market accessories, similar to those available for the Ruger 10/22. Barrels, stocks, and grips, of varying finishes and utility, can be added to the rifle.
These include collapsible stocks, wire-framed stocks, pistol grips, flash suppressors, shrouded barrels, high-capacity magazines, telescopic sights, reflex ‘red dot’ sights and other occasionally fanciful-looking hardware, some at a cost greater than the rifle itself. Such accessories often make it impossible to use the original floating stock for storage of modified parts.[3]
The current Henry U.S. Survival AR-7 has a 3/8″ scope sight rail integral with the receiver to accept standard Weaver-style “Tip-Off” rings. For earlier makes, B Square supplied the Charter Arms AR-7 Explorer Scope Mount Base, an accessory bracket with a 3/8″ rail.
The base attached by the receiver side plate screw (the Charter Arms side plate screw is longer than that of the Armalite). This base can be used on the Armalite and the Charter Arms Explorer rifles and the Charter Arms Explorer II pistol.
However, with the base in place, the rifle receiver will no longer fit the recess in the stock for storage. (The base is not needed on the Henry version and will not fit the Henry receiver.)
Apart from the highly modified AR-7 Israeli survival rifles, most AR-7 models lack provision for a carry sling. AR-7 owners have adapted slings designed for use on guns without modification, such as universal shotgun slings designed to cup the shotgun buttstock at the rear and clamp to the barrel or magazine tube at the front.
Given the light weight of the AR-7, 2.5 pounds, a proper length of parachute cord with a slip knot at either end can be used as a sling or lanyard.

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Gun Control Explained by Mr Bean

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Tactics and rifles of the battle of Königgrätz – Lorenz and Dreyse rifles in action

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Just another reason on why I have issues with Banks!

Gun industry sees banks as new threat to 2nd Amendment

LISA MARIE PANE

Associated Press
1 / 4
In this April 25, 2018, photo, Gary Ramey, owner and founder of Honor Defense, a gunmaker in Gainesville, Ga., holds a part from one of the company’s firearms. Ramey and others in the gun industry are finding corporate America distancing itself from gunmakers and gun dealers, discontinuing discounts or refusing business. (AP Photo/Lisa Marie Pane)

GAINESVILLE, Ga. (AP) — With Gary Ramey’s fledgling gun-making business taking off in retail stores, he decided to start offering one of his handguns for sale on his website.

That didn’t sit well with the company he used to process payments, and they informed him they were dropping his account. Another credit card processing firm told him the same thing: They wouldn’t do business with him.

The reason? His business of making firearms violates their policies.

In the wake of high-profile mass shootings, corporate America has been taking a stand against the firearms industry amid a lack of action by lawmakers on gun control. Payment processing firms are limiting transactions, Bank of America stopped providing financing to companies that make AR-style guns, and retailers like Walmart and Dick’s Sporting Goods imposed age restrictions on gun purchases.

The moves are lauded by gun-safety advocates but criticized by the gun industry that views them as a backhanded way of undermining the Second Amendment. Gun industry leaders see the backlash as a real threat to their industry and are coming to the conclusion that they need additional protections in Congress to prevent financial retaliation from banks.

“If a few banks say ‘No, we’re not going to give loans to gun dealers or gun manufacturers’, all of a sudden the industry is threatened and the Second Amendment doesn’t mean much if there are no guns around,” said Michael Hammond, legal counsel for Gun Owners of America. “If you can’t make guns, if you can’t sell guns, the Second Amendment doesn’t mean much.”

The issue has already gotten the attention of the Republican who is chairman of the Senate Banking Committee. Sen. Mike Crapo of Idaho sent letters criticizing Bank of America and Citigroup, which decided to restrict sales of firearms by its business customers, over their new gun rules in the wake of the Florida high school shooting in February.

“We should all be concerned if banks like yours seek to replace legislators and policy makers and attempt to manage social policy by limiting access to credit,” Crapo wrote to Citigroup’s chief executive.

Honor Defense is a small operation with a handful of employees that include Ramey’s son and his wife who work out of a non-descript building in a Georgia office park north of Atlanta. In 2016, its first year, it sold 7,500 firearms. Its products — handcrafted 9mm handguns that come in a variety of colors — can now be found in more than 1,000 stores.

When Ramey noticed that neither Stripe nor Intuit would process payments through his site, he submitted a complaint with Georgia’s attorney general’s office, counting on help from a state law that prohibits discrimination by financial service firms against the gun industry. But the state rejected it, saying that credit card processing is not considered a financial service under state law.

He views the credit card issue as companies “infusing politics into business.”

“We’re just a small company trying to survive here,” Ramey said. “It’s hard enough competing with Smith & Wesson, Ruger and Sig Sauer.”

The financial industry actions came amid a broader pushback by corporate America in the aftermath of the Florida shooting. Delta and United Airlines stopped offering discounted fares to NRA members, as did the Hertz, Alamo and National rental car companies. First National Bank of Omaha, one of the nation’s largest privately held banks, decided not to renew a co-branded Visa credit card with the NRA.

Walmart and Dick’s Sporting Goods both decided they would no longer sell “assault weapons” or firearms to people under age 21. REI, an outdoor-gear shop that doesn’t sell firearms, joined in and decided it would stop selling such items as ski goggles, water bottles and bike helmets made by companies whose parent firm, Vista Outdoor, manufactures ammunition and AR-style long guns.

There’s been election-year response from some lawmakers, notably in Georgia where Lt. Gov. Casey Cagle, who is running for governor, led a move in the Legislature to kill a tax break on jet fuel to punish Atlanta-based Delta over its NRA actions. The move cost the airline an estimated $40 million.

Gun-control advocates have applauded the efforts, saying it demonstrates responsible leadership at a time of paralysis in government. Experts say it’s a sign that the business world views wading into the gun debate as not at all risky — and, in fact, potentially beneficial to their brand.

“Companies by and large avoid these issues like the plague and they only get involved — whether they’re credit card companies or airlines — when they feel like doing nothing is as bad as doing something and they feel completely stuck,” said Timothy D. Lytton, professor at Georgia State University’s College of Law and author of “Suing the Gun Industry: A Battle at the Crossroads of Gun Control and Mass Torts.”

The gun industry acknowledges that there’s nothing requiring companies from doing business with gun manufacturers or dealers. Monthly reports from the federal government show background checks to purchase a firearm are up over last year so far, so the early actions apparently have not put a dent in sales.

Still, the industry believes it needs stronger laws against financial retaliation in the future.

“We may have to seek legislation to make sure it can’t be done and that you can’t discriminate against individuals from lawful exercise of a constitutional right,” said Larry Keane, senior vice president and legal counsel for the National Shooting Sports Foundation, which represents gunmakers. “Imagine if banks were to say you can’t purchase books or certain books aren’t acceptable. That would be problematic and I don’t think anyone would stand for that kind of activity by the banking industry.”

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How to fight Pistol Flinch!

Read more: https://www.ammoland.com/2018/05/pistol-shooting-drill-how-to-get-rid-of-your-flinch-video/#ixzz5FxQ5kVIB
Under Creative Commons License: Attribution
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Pistol Shooting Drill – How To Get Rid Of Your Flinch [VIDEO]

Rob Leatham helps a student by pulling the trigger for him.

U.S.A. –-(Ammoland.com)- Do you want to get rid of your flinch? You know, that one that makes you shoot low and left (if you are right-handed) consistently? Who wouldn’t?
I reached out to two of my good friends who are excellent pistol shooters and top-rated trainers, Steve “Yeti” Fisher of Sentinal Concepts and Chuck Pressburg of Presscheck Consulting. They both told me that I sucked and then gave me some great advice, shoot ball and dummy. A lot.
Disclaimer: There are a TON of types of flinches, not just one. This drill focuses on you noticing the flinch, not diagnosing what kind of flinch you are displaying.
As much as shooters poke fun at other shooters for having a flinch, many time it isn’t because the gun scared us, but instead has a lot to do with bad habits formed after thousands and thousands of rounds shot over several years without formal instruction. Maybe you are trying to mitigate the recoil of the pistol beforethe shot breaks like I was.
Before we go any further, you will need a couple of things to make this drill a ton easier on you:
Dummy rounds – I prefer the Glock brand ones since they are really cheap and I tend to lose one or two each time I do this drill. You can find them on Brownells for about $37 per 50 with an included box but they can go for about $15 cheaper if you happen to catch them on sale.
3″ Bullseyes or Target Pasters – I normally get mine from Amazon where a 25 sheet package with 9 targets per sheet will set you back $14.99 for the 3″ bulls or you can opt for the 1″ paper dots that run $10.00 for 1,000 little brown dots.
Cardboard Targets – You can also use scrap cardboard if you like but I prefer using IPSC/USPSA targets since I have several hundred of the Action Target brand ones tucked in the garage.
Something that I have struggled with for years as a handgun shooter is flinching just prior to the shot breaking. It wasn’t until Rob Letham showed me exactly what I was doing in a pretty unconventional way. He told me to take aim at the target and then proceeded to pull the trigger for me. The result? A nice tight group that I couldn’t have replicated if my life depended on it at that time in shooting career.
Now there are a ton of really old targets out there that will “diagnose” your flinch, but they are really centered around old style bullseye shooting.
When I asked Steve Fisher about the “diagnosis target” he simply replied with “Junk.” When I pressed him for more info he explained it in more detail saying “It’s a carryover from one-handed pistol shooting taught by the military around the same time that bullseye shooting was popular and has little bearing on the modern defensive and ‘gaming’ techniques taught today”

The Drill:

So I already told you that ball and dummy is the name of the drill. As you might guess it involves some ball ammunition and some dummy rounds. The idea is to have someone load your magazines with dummy rounds loaded randomly so that you have no idea where in the magazine they are.
The goal is to have no idea if the round you are pulling the trigger on is live or a dummy. Now if you are by yourself at the range like I often am, just take a ton of magazines and load them all at once randomly and mix them up so you have no idea what is in each mag.
Once you get all loaded up, head to the 3-yard line and start shooting at the 3″ bull or paster. As you come across a dummy round and you flinch, clear the gun and perform 10 dry fires, then reload the gun and continue. Make sure that every time you flinch on a dummy that you take that 10 dry fire penalty.

That is about all there is to the drill. It isn’t super hard but the benefits that I saw with my shooting was incredible after two full range days and 1,000 rounds of 9mm.

A few hundred bucks is well worth taking your shooting skill to a new level.

I want to thank Chuck and Steve for letting me bug them for advice. I strongly encourage you to look into both trainers and see if there is a class in your area, you won’t regret it.


About Patrick R.Patrick Roberts
Patrick is a firearms enthusiast that values the quest for not only the best possible gear setup, but also pragmatic ways to improve his shooting skills across a wide range of disciplines. He values truthful, honest information above all else and had committed to cutting through marketing fluff to deliver the truth. You can find the rest of his work on FirearmRack.com as well as on the YouTube channel Firearm Rack or Instagram at @thepatrickroberts.

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John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 in Caliber 12 gauge

John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” - Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 Antique - Picture 4

John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” - Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 Antique - Picture 2
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John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” - Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 Antique - Picture 4
John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” - Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 Antique - Picture 5
John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” - Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 Antique - Picture 6
John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” - Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 Antique - Picture 7
John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” - Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 Antique - Picture 8
John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” - Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 Antique - Picture 9
John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” - Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 Antique - Picture 10

John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” - Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 Antique - Picture 7
John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” - Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 Antique - Picture 8
John Manton & Son Cased Single Shot Percussion, Damascus 32” - Sporting Shotgun & Access., MFD 1817 Antique - Picture 9
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The Green Machine War

Somebody in the Army has gotten a good idea!

Army Will Add 2 Months to Infantry Course to Make Grunts More Lethal

A U.S. Army Infantry soldier-in-training assigned to Alpha Company, 1st Battalion, 19th Infantry Regiment, 198th Infantry Brigade, engages the opposing force (OPFOR) May 2, 2017, with a M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW) on a Stryker to provide support-by-fire during a squad training exercise. (U.S. Army photo/Patrick A. Albright)
A U.S. Army Infantry soldier-in-training assigned to Alpha Company, 1st Battalion, 19th Infantry Regiment, 198th Infantry Brigade, engages the opposing force (OPFOR) May 2, 2017, with a M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW) on a Stryker to provide support-by-fire during a squad training exercise. (U.S. Army photo/Patrick A. Albright)
The U.S. Army is refining a plan to extend by two months the service’s 14-week infantry one station unit training, or OSUT, so young grunts arrive at their first unit more combat-ready than ever before.
Trainers at Fort Benning, Georgia will run a pilot this summer that will extend infantry OSUT from 14 weeks to 22 weeks, giving soldiers more time to practice key infantry skills such as land navigation, marksmanship, hand-to-hand combat, fire and maneuver and first aid training.

Currently soldiers in infantry OSUT go through nine weeks of Basic Combat Training and about 4.5 weeks of infantry advanced individual training. This would add an additional 8 weeks of advanced individual training, tripling the length of the instruction soldiers receive in that phase.
“It’s more reps and sets; we are trying to make sure that infantry soldiers coming out of infantry OSUT are more than just familiar [with ground combat skills],” Col. Townley Hedrick, commandant of the Infantry School at Benning, told Military.com in a June 21 interview. “You are going to shoot more bullets; you are going to come out more proficient and more expert than just familiar.”

A BETTER TRAINED INFANTRY SOLDIER

The former infantry commandant, Brig. Gen. Christopher Donahue, launched the effort to “improve the lethality of soldiers in the infantry rifle squad,” Hedrick said.
“In 14 weeks, what we really do is produce a baseline infantry soldier,” said Col. Kelly Kendrick, the outgoing commander of 198th Infantry Brigade at Benning, who was heavily involved in developing the pilot.
This works fine when new soldiers arrive at their first unit as it is starting its pre-deployment train-up, Kendrick said.
Unfortunately, many young infantry soldiers arrive at a unit only a few weeks before it deploys, leaving little time for preparation before real-world operations begin, he said.
“I was the G3 of the 101st Airborne and if a [new] soldier came up late in the train-up, we had a three-week train-up program and then after three weeks, we would send that soldier on a deployment,” he said.
With 22 weeks of infantry OSUT, “you can see right off that bat, we are going to have a hell of a lot better soldier,” Kendrick said. “I will tell you, we will produce infantry soldiers with unmatched lethality compared to what we have had in the past.”
The new pilot will start training two companies from July 13 to mid-December, Kendrick said. Once the new program of instruction is finalized, trainers will start implementing the 22-week cycle across infantry OSUT in October 2019.
The effort follows an Army-wide redesign of Basic Combat Training earlier this year, designed to instill more discipline and esprit de corps in young soldiers after leaders from around the Army complained that new soldiers were displaying a lack of obedience, poor work ethic and low discipline.
“If there are two things we do great right now, that’s physical fitness and marksmanship; I really think everything else has suffered a little bit,” said Kendrick. “If you went and looked at special operations forces … the SOF force has realized they have to invest in training and teaching. And they have done that, so we have been the last ones to get it.”
The Army has prioritized leader training for both commissioned officers and sergeants.
“[But] the initial entry, soldier side of the house, has not [changed] whole lot from the infantry perspective for a long, long time,” Kendrick said.

A NEW EMPHASIS ON LAND NAVIGATION TRAINING

Currently, soldiers in infantry training receive one day of classroom instruction on land navigation and one day of hands-on application.
“We put them in groups of four and they go and find three of about four-five points — that’s their land navigation training,” Kendrick.
The new land-nav program will last a week.
“They are going to do buddy teams to start with, and at the end, they will have to pass day and night land navigation, individually,” he said.
One challenge of the pilot will be, “can I get to individual proficiency in land-nav or do I need more time?” Kendrick said.
“Part of this what we haven’t figured out is hey, how long do those lanes need to be — 300, 600, 800 meters?” said Kendrick, adding that it would be easy to design a course “and have every private here fail.”
“Then I can turn around and have every private pass no matter what with just a highway through the woods,” he continued. “We’ve got to figure out what that level is going to be — where they leave here accomplished in their skills and their ability and are prepared to go do that well wherever they get to. That is really the art of doing this pilot.”

A NEW MARKSMANSHIP STRATEGY

Currently, infantry OSUT soldiers train on iron sights and the M68 close combat optic at ranges out to 300 meters.
The new program will feature training on the Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight, or AGOG, which offers 4X magnification.
“We don’t do much ACOG training; you go out to most rifle units, the ACOG is part of the unit’s issue,” Kendrick said. “It’s a shame that we don’t train them on the optic that half of them when they walk into their unit the first day and [receive it].”
Soldiers will also receive training on the AN/PAS-13 thermal weapon sightand the AN/PSQ-20 Enhanced Night Vision Goggle.
Soldiers will train with these system and their weapons “day and night with qualification associated,” Kendrick said.
The new program will also increase the amount of maneuver live-fire training soldiers receive.
“Everything from a buddy-team to a fire team to a squad, we are going to increase the time and sets and repetitions in getting them into live-firing, day and night,” Kendrick said. “Today when you do a fire-team, react to contact live fire, you do that twice — daytime only. At the end of this thing, when you are done, we will be doing live-fire [repetitions] on the magnitude of 20-plus.”
As with land navigation, Kendrick said, the time allotted for additional marksmanship training is not yet finalized.
“Like anything else, with being an infantryman, it’s sets and reps that make you proficient,” he said. “So now we are talking about the time to do that amount of sets and repetitions that will give them the foundation that can they can work in the rest of their career.”

MORE COMBATIVES AND FIRST AID TRAINING

Infantry OSUT trainees receive about 22 hours of combatives, or hand-to-hand combat training.
“We are going to take that to 40 hours,” Kendrick said. “At the end of 40 hours, we are going to take a level-one combatives test, so every soldier that leaves here will be level-one combatives certified.”
Level-one certification will ensure soldiers are practiced in basic holds instead of just being familiar with them, Kendrick said.
“We are talking about practicing and executing those moves.”
It will be the same with first aid training, he said.
Soldiers will spend eight days learning more combat lifesaver training, trauma first aid and “how to handle hot and cold-weather injuries … which cause more casualties than bullets do right now in some of these formations,” Kendrick said.
“You will have a soldier that understands combat lifesaver, first aid and trauma, all those things because right now you just get a little piece of that,” he said.
Infantry trainees will also receive more urban combat training and do a 16-mile road march instead of the standard 12-miler, Kendrick said.
The plan is to “assess this every week” during the pilot and make changes if needed, Kendrick said.
“Is it going to be enough? Do we need more? Those are all the things we are going to work out in this pilot,” he said. “In December, there will be a couple of 14-week companies that graduate at the same time, so part of this is to send both of those groups of soldiers out to units in the Army and get the units’ feedback on the product.”
The effort is designed to give soldiers more exposure to the infantry tasks that make a “solid infantryman here instead of making that happen at their first unit of assignment,” Kendrick said. “This is really going to produce that lethal soldier that can plug into his unit from day one.”
— Matthew Cox can be reached at [email protected].

Categories
All About Guns Gun Info for Rookies

Some YouTube Videos on buying your 1st gun

Yeah I know that there is a lot of them. So maybe you want to pick & choose. I just feel that on something this important that one can NOT have too much information!
I wish all the best on your choice though and enjoy!
Grumpy
 

Categories
All About Guns

The MP 18 a fine WWI German Sub MG!

Image result for MP 18
Image result for MP 18
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MP 18

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
MP 18
Bergmann MP 18.1

Bergmann MP 18
Type Submachine gun
Place of origin German Empire
Service history
In service 1918–1945 (Germany)
Wars World War I
Second Sino-Japanese War
Chaco War
Chinese Civil War
World War II
Spanish Civil War
Production history
Designer Hugo Schmeisser
Designed 1916
Manufacturer Bergmann Waffenfabrik
Qingdao Iron Works
Produced 1918–1920s
Specifications
Weight 4.18 kg (9.2 lb)
Length 832 mm (32.8 in)
Barrel length 200 mm (7.9 in)

Cartridge 9×19mm Parabellum
7.63×25mm Mauser
7.65×21mm Parabellum
Action open-bolt blowback
Rate of fire ~500 round/min
Muzzle velocity 380 m/s (1,247 ft/s)
Feed system 32-round detachable drum magazine TM 08 (World War I); 20-, 30- and 50-round detachable box magazine (post-World War I)

The MP 18 manufactured by Theodor Bergmann Abteilung Waffenbau was the first submachine gun used in combat.
It was introduced into service in 1918 by the German Army during World War I as the primary weapon of the Sturmtruppen, assault groups specialized in trench combat.
Although MP 18 production ended in the 1920s, its design formed the basis of most submachine guns manufactured between 1920 and 1960.
Image result for bergmann m 39 sub mg
A common myth is that the Treaty of Versailles banned the production and use of the MP 18 by Germany.
In fact, the treaty only limited the number of machine guns that Germany was permitted to stockpile, and no mention is made of machine pistols or the MP 18 in particular.[1]

History

Theodor Bergmann trade mark

Theodor Bergmann 1850–1931

 
What became known as the “submachine gun” had its genesis in the early 20th Century and developed around the concepts of fire and movement and infiltration tactics, specifically for the task of clearing trenches of enemy soldiers, an environment within which engagements were unlikely to occur beyond a range of a few feet.
In 1915, the German Rifle Testing Commission at Spandau decided to develop a new weapon for trench warfare.
An attempt to modify existing semi-automatic pistols, specifically the Luger and C96 Mauser failed, as accurate aimed fire in full automatic mode was impossible due to their light weight and high rate of fire of 1,200 rounds per minute.
The Commission determined that a completely new kind of weapon was needed. Hugo Schmeisser, working for the Bergmann Waffenfabrik was part of a team composed of Theodor Bergmann and a few other technicians.
They designed a new type of weapon to fulfill the requirements, which was designated the Maschinenpistole 18/I.
It is not clear what the “I” designation is intended to indicate, although its successor, the MP28, was designated the Maschinenpistole 28/II.
Full-scale production did not begin until early 1918. Though technically not the world’s first submachine gun, being beaten by the double-barreled Italian Villar-Perosa of 1915, in modern usage of the term the MP 18 is considered the world’s first submachine gun since the Villar Perosa had been designed to be used as a light machine gun on aircraft before it was adapted to infantry use as a single-barreled shoulder-fired weapon in late 1918.

Service history

The MP 18 primarily served in the final stages of World War I in 1918, especially in the Kaiserschlacht offensive. At least 5,000 MP 18.1s were built and used during World War I, based upon observed serial number ranges of captured weapons; however, it is possible that up to 10,000 were built for the war.
The MP 18 proved to be an excellent weapon. Its concept was well-proven in trench fighting. The basic design directly influenced later submachine gun designs and showed its superiority over the regular infantry rifle in urban, mobile, and guerrilla warfare.
The MP 18 served with German police and paramilitary forces after the end of the war. It was widely used in combat by the Freikorps Von Epp against the Spartacus League in Bavaria and by other Freikorps in Berlin, where its efficiency in urban combat was demonstrated.
All the limited conflicts between 1920 and 1940 saw an increasing use of this new class of weapons, first in South America during the Chaco War, then in Europe during the Spanish Civil War.
Also in China during the Japanese invasion, where its use by well-trained Chinese troops was costly for the invaders as in the Battle of Shanghai. where fierce street fights prefigured World War II urban combat of StalingradWarsawVienna and Berlin.

A German soldier with an MP 18 in Northern France, 1918.

 
Since the treaty allowed the Weimar Republic to keep a small quantity of submachine guns for police use, a few hundred MP 18.1s were modified to accept Schmeisser’s original 20-round magazine design.
This modification, conducted by Haenel Waffenfabrik, required removal of the existing magazine well collar, and replacement with a different one.
These weapons were overstamped with the date “1920” on the receiver and magazine well to show they were legitimate weapons owned by the Weimar Republic and not war bring backs or clandestine weapons.
Bergmann sold the license of the MP 18. 1 to SIG Switzerland; the Swiss made model was known as SIG Bergmann 1920.
It existed in .30 Luger9mm Parabellum and 7.63 mm Mauser. The Bergmann MP 18.1 represents a milestone both in terms of armament technology and warfare tactics.
It opened the way for a whole new class of weapons and triggered the research for lighter automatic firearms to be used by mobile troops.
Its first direct competitors did not see service in World War I, but most of them saw use in all the limited conflicts taking place in the inter-war period.

Evolution

MP 18 made in Tsing Tao, China, 1927

The Chinese produced a modified MP 18 in Tsing Tao with the assistance of Heinrich Vollmer.
The French, despite being moderately interested by this class of armament because they had designed and introduced in service many semi-automatic and automatic weapons, immediately launched studies based on captured MP 18s.
The design of the STA 1922 was adopted and the MAS 1924[3]entered service and was used in colonial war. The French MAS 35 and MAS 38 derived from one of the many prototypes of the immediate post war.
The MP 28 was produced by Haenel under the supervision of Hugo Schmeisser, it was copied by the Second Spanish Republic under the codename Naranjero. The Naranjero was chambered in 9mm Largo.[4]
The Austrian Steyr MP 34 was created by a team of technicians led by Louis Stange who designed a submachine gun for Rheinmetall in 1919 and used Bergmann’s MG 15 to design the MG 30.
The SIG Bergmann 1920 was used by Finland and Estonia, it was the inspiration for the Estonian Tallinn 1923 and the Finnish Suomi model 31, which in turn inspired Degtyarev for his PPD 34.
Emil Bergmann, Theodor Bergmann’s son designed the MP 32 that evolved into the MP34 as adopted by Denmark before to receive the MP35 name when adopted by nascent Wehrmacht in 1935.
This submachine gun is often mistaken with the Mitraillette 34, a MP28 made in Belgium by Pieper Bayard, former Bergmann licensed manufacturer or with the MP34 made by Steyr.
It is easy to identify the Bergmann MP 32/34/35 or its final version 35/1 since the cocking lever works exactly like a rifle bolt.
In 1940, with a pressing need for individual automatic weapons, the British copied the MP 28 and developed the Lanchester submachine gun for the Royal Navy.
Solidly built with the use of brass for the magazine well, and a bayonet mount, it entered service in 1940. The magazine and the bolt of the MP 28 could be used in the Lanchester.
The OVP 1918, an offspring of Revelli’s Villar Perosa 1915, inspired[citation needed] Heinrich Vollmer for his telescopic bolt used in the VPM 1930, EMP, MP 38, MP 40 and MP 41.
The MP 18 remained in limited service with the German armed forces during the Second World War, specifically with the Sicherheitsdienst, later eastern foreign divisions of the Waffen SS and also with Kriegsmarine coastal artillery units.

Design details

The MP 18 was a heavy weapon, weighing over 5 kg (11.0 lb) when fully loaded. The receiver tube was very thick (~3 mm), compared with later World War II submachine guns with half that thickness or less, such as the Sten gun or MP 40.

 Berlin 1919

 
Though Schmeisser designed a conventional 20-round-capacity “box” magazine for the weapon.
the Testing Commission, for practical reasons, insisted that the MP 18 be adapted to use the 32-round TM 08 Luger “snail” drum magazine that was widely used with the long-barreled version of the P 08 pistol known as the Artillery model.
Like many other open-bolt designs, the MP 18 was prone to accidental discharge. If the buttstock of a loaded gun was given a hard knock while the bolt was fully forward, the gun could accidentally fire because of the bolt overcoming the action spring resistance and moving rearward enough to pick up a round, chamber it and fire.
Soldiers liked to leave the bolt of their firearm in this closed or forward position, so dirt and debris would not enter the barrel and chamber.
This ‘Bolt-closure’ practice acted as a dust cover for the weapon’s chamber, preventing a malfunction from occurring because of the presence of foreign debris, but making accidental discharge more likely.
The German police asked for an external safety on their MP 18s, and a universal bolt-locking safety was added on all the submachine guns used by the police.
Later submachine gun designs like the Sten and the MP 40 were modified to allow the cocking handle to be pushed inwards to lock the closed bolt to the tubular receiver casing. This design change prevented accidental discharges when the bolt was left forward and a loaded magazine was inserted.

Operation

TM 08 magazine for Bergmann MP 18.1

Ladegerät (loading appliance) for the TM 08 magazine

loading a TM 08

post World War I MP 18 with universal safety

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, 1943—an MP28 featured in a photo from the Stroop Report

Another photo from the Stroop Report, showing an MP 28 in Warsaw, 1943

 
The original MP 18.1 was designed to use the snail drum magazine of the Luger Artillery model pistol. This rotary design type of magazine holds 32 rounds of 9 mm Parabellum, the user having to load the magazine with a proprietary loading tool.
A special sleeve was required when the snail drum was used on the MP 18 to stop the snail drum from being inserted too far in the magazine well.
After 1920, the MP 18 was modified to use a straight magazine similar to those used in the later developed MP 40 submachine gun. The MP 18 could only fire in the fully automatic mode.
Its successor, the MP 28/2, received a modified mechanism with a selector for single shot or fully automatic fire.
Britain directly copied the MP28 at the beginning of World War II. The result was the Lanchester submachine gun, which saw service with the Royal Navy.
The British Sten used the side-mounted magazine configuration and a simplified version of the open-bolt firing operating system of the MP28.
The Soviet Union made a similar use of MP 18 design in their PPD-40 sub machine gun in 1934. Further development of the PPD-40 led to the simplified and mass-produced PPSh-41.
In China, both the Kuomintang Army and the Communist Army used MP 18 and MP 28 in the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Users

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cornish, Paul (2009). Machine Guns and the Great War. Pen & Sword Books Limited. ISBN 978-1848840478.

Notes[edit]

  1. Jump up^ Cornish (2009): “It is frequently repeated as fact that the Bergmann Muskete had so impressed the Allies during the 1918 campaign that they specifically banned its production and military issue. In fact no such prohibition appears in the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Strict controls were placed on the production of fire arms – principally by means of severely limiting the number of companies permitted to manufacture war materials – Bergmann was not among them. With regard to military issue, the numbers and types of weapons permitted to the 100,000-man German Army were carefully stipulated. There is no mention whatsoever made of machine pistols, although every other weapon type (apart from pistols) is listed – from cavalry carbines to 105mm Howitzers. Given the care that was taken to lay down such specific restrictions, it would appear that, far from having impressed the Allies, the MP 18 had not really registered on their consciousness at all. The fact that they were still unconvinced of the utility of such weapons on the eve of the Second World War would also suggest that the impact of the MP 18 on the fighting of 1918 was marginal.”
  2. Jump up^ Historic Firearm of the Month, July 2000
  3. Jump up^ armement reglementaire francais les prototypes
  4. Jump up^ http://www.armia-eibar.net/armas/arma_larga/AYL11
  5. Jump up^ http://provincialarchives.alberta.ca/images/exhibits/app-exhibit.jpg
  6. Jump up^ Mark Axworthy (1992). The Romanian Army of World War II. Osprey Publishing. p. 46. ISBN 1855321696.

References[edit]

  • Gotz, Hans Dieter, German Military Rifles and Machine Pistols, 1871–1945, Schiffer Publishing, Ltd. West Chester, Pennsylvania, 1990. OCLC 24416255
  • G. de Vries, B.J. Martens: The MP 38, 40, 40/1 and 41 Submachine gun, Propaganda Photos Series, Volume 2, Special Interest Publicaties BV, Arnhem, The Netherlands. First Edition 2001
  • Smith, W.H.B, Small arms of the world: the basic manual of military small arms, Harrisburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 1955. OCLC 3773343
  • Günter Wollert; Reiner Lidschun; Wilfried Kopenhagen, Illustrierte Enzyklopädie der Schützenwaffen aus aller Welt: Schützenwaffen heute (1945-1985), Berlin : Militärverlag der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, 1988. OCLC 19630248
  • CLINTON EZELL, EDWARD. Small arms of the world, Eleventh Edition, Arms & Armour Press, London, 1977
Categories
All About Guns

Fabrique Nationale Model 1949

Image result for Fabrique Nationale Model 1949
I briefly owned one of these rifle but it was in 7mm Mauser. But nonetheless it was one fine shooting rifle. But sadly economics intervened and I was forced to sell it. I just hope that who ever has it now is giving it a good home!Related image

Image result for Fabrique Nationale Model 1949

Fabrique National Model 1949, Rare Luxembourg Contract FN 49 FN49, Sling, Non-Import, Black 23” - Military Semi Automatic Rifle MFD Early 1950’s C&R - Picture 2
Fabrique National Model 1949, Rare Luxembourg Contract FN 49 FN49, Sling, Non-Import, Black 23” - Military Semi Automatic Rifle MFD Early 1950’s C&R - Picture 4
Fabrique National Model 1949, Rare Luxembourg Contract FN 49 FN49, Sling, Non-Import, Black 23” - Military Semi Automatic Rifle MFD Early 1950’s C&R - Picture 5
Fabrique National Model 1949, Rare Luxembourg Contract FN 49 FN49, Sling, Non-Import, Black 23” - Military Semi Automatic Rifle MFD Early 1950’s C&R - Picture 6
Fabrique National Model 1949, Rare Luxembourg Contract FN 49 FN49, Sling, Non-Import, Black 23” - Military Semi Automatic Rifle MFD Early 1950’s C&R - Picture 7
Fabrique National Model 1949, Rare Luxembourg Contract FN 49 FN49, Sling, Non-Import, Black 23” - Military Semi Automatic Rifle MFD Early 1950’s C&R - Picture 8
Fabrique National Model 1949, Rare Luxembourg Contract FN 49 FN49, Sling, Non-Import, Black 23” - Military Semi Automatic Rifle MFD Early 1950’s C&R - Picture 9
Fabrique National Model 1949, Rare Luxembourg Contract FN 49 FN49, Sling, Non-Import, Black 23” - Military Semi Automatic Rifle MFD Early 1950’s C&R - Picture 10

FN Model 1949

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
FN Model 1949
FN49left.jpg
Type Semi-automatic rifle
Automatic rifle
Place of origin Belgium
Service history
In service 1949–1982
Used by See Users
Wars Korean War
Suez Crisis
Congo Crisis
Dominican Civil War
Falklands War
Production history
Designer Dieudonné Saive
Designed 1949
Manufacturer FN Herstal
Produced 1949–1961
No. built 176,000
Specifications
Weight 4.31 kg (9 lb 8 oz)
Length 1116 mm (43.5 in)
Barrel length 590 mm (23.2 in)

Cartridge .30-06 Springfield
7.92×57mm Mauser
7×57mm Mauser
7.62×51mm NATO
7.65×53mm Argentine
Action Gas-operated short-stroke piston, tilting bolt
Feed system 10-round fixed box magazine, 20-round detachable box magazine in Argentine 7.62×51mm NATO conversions
Sights Iron sights / OIP 4x Telescopic sighton Belgium Sniper rifle

The Fabrique Nationale Model 1949(often referred to as the FN-49SAFNor AFN) is a rifle available as both a semi-automatic rifle and as a selective fire automatic rifle designed by Dieudonné Saive and manufactured by Fabrique Nationale.
It was used by the militaries of Argentina, Belgium, the Belgian Congo, Brazil, Colombia, Egypt, IndonesiaLuxembourg, and Venezuela. The automatic rifle version with selective fire produced for Belgium was known as the AFN.
While well regarded for its high build quality and reliability in comparison to the rifles of the time, its marketability was limited, as it was not developed in time for use in World War II but later, as many militaries had already begun the switch to selective fire battle rifles.
An unknown number of FN-49’s were produced as selective fire automatic rifles, but the small 10 round box magazine limited the usefulness of the fully automatic feature.
The FN-49 found itself in direct competition with a number of more modern rifles such as the Heckler & Koch G3 and Fabrique Nationale de Herstal‘s own FN FAL, resulting in limited sales.

History

Development

Dieudonne Saive, Fabrique Nationale‘s then chief firearm designer, experimented with a number of recoil-operated rifle designs in the early 1930s.
While little came of these experiments, they would become the basis for a gas-operated semi-automatic rifle, which he patented in 1936 and prototyped in 1937. (Photographs of these prototypes still exist, and they show a number of characteristics that would later appear in the FN-49.)
FN’s new rifle was still in development in late 1938 – early 1939, and a version with a 5-round magazine was about to be marketed. But when German armies invaded Poland, these plans were delayed to increase production of bolt-action rifles and machine guns.
The German invasion of Belgium in May 1940 interrupted any plans for the production of the new model, as Liège, home of FN’s factory, was occupied by the German military. Despite this setback, Saive was able to escape to England via Portugal in 1941, where he continued work on what would become the FN-49.
By 1943, Saive was back to working on his experimental rifle, now in 7.92×57mm Mauser. Late that year, the Royal Small Arms Factory, Enfield ordered 50 prototypes (designated “EXP-1” and sometimes referred to as “SLEM-1” or “Self-Loading Experimental Model”).
Based on tests with these prototypes, Enfield placed an order for 2,000 rifles for troop trials, but a last-minute problem with the moderation of the gas pressure (as well as the impending end of World War II) led to the cancellation of this order.
Despite this, Saive (who had returned to Liège shortly after its liberation in September 1944) continued work on the rifle, and finalized the design for the FN-49 in 1947.
The FN Model 1949 is ammunition specific since it does not have an adjustable gas port or valve to adjust the rifle to various propellant and projectile specific pressure behavior, except for some models, in which the gas port can be adjusted with a special wrench.
This also requires removing the upper forward handguard for the adjustment.

Production lifetime

Egyptian SAFN with riflescope

The contracts for the SAFN 1949 rifle started in 1948 with the first order placed by Venezuela on March 31, 1948, delivered by exactly four months later. The last production contract of complete rifles was ordered by Indonesia on December 19, 1960 and delivered by February 19, 1961.[1]
Some sources claim pre-production models for demonstration and testing were produced in 1948, making rifle ready for contract orders and mass production. Other sources however claim The rifle was trialed with the Royal Netherlands Navy in 1947, The Netherlands Navy trials did not however lead to a sales contract.
FN started looking for customers, but the communist states were not an option (as they were required to buy or build Soviet designs). The Western European nations had vast stocks of World War II firearms.
They also could get American and British weapons aid, which was inexpensive or free. So FN decided to market to the non-aligned countries, who did not want to commit to Western or Soviet doctrine, which was inevitable when accepting aid.[2]
The first contract production of the SAFN 1949 rifle was delivered to Venezuela by May 31, 1949 composed of 2,000 rifles in caliber 7×57mm Mauser with an additional 2012 rifles including cut-away training demonstration rifles delivered by July 31, 1949.[1]
The remaining rifles of the Venezuelan contract of 8,012 rifles were sold as surplus in the United States, and are prized by US collectors, sportsmen, and hunters because of the unique features ordered by Venezuela, the general good to excellent condition of the surplus rifles and the superb accuracy of the 7×57mm Mauser cartridge.
The second contract was for the Egyptian government ordered on May 30, 1948 and delivered by June 10, 1949, 100 rifles chambered to fire the 8×57mm Mauser cartridge. While initially a small contract delivery Egypt would eventually purchase 37,602 SAFN 1949 rifles total.[1]

Two FN-49 rifles from Belgian Army (ABL) contract. Upper weapon has no selective fire lever fitted, Lower weapon shows selective fire lever in Fully Automatic position.

The third contract was ordered by the Belgian government starting with thirty test rifles on May 12, 1949, received on August 31, 1949, and made a second larger order for 100 test rifles delivered by December 12, 1949.
The Belgians would make a contract for production of the SAFN 1949 rifle on August 24, 1950 for 6000 rifles in caliber .30-06 Springfield. The Belgians designated the rifle as the ABL SAFN-49, ABL is an acronym for the Belgian Army in both French and Dutch; “AB” for the French “Armée Belge” and “BL” for the Dutch “Belgisch Leger”.
The contracts for the SAFN 1949 rifle made by FN for Belgium totaled 87,777 rifles total, composing almost half of all FN-49 rifles ever produced.[1] A fully automaticselective fire version, known as the AFN was produced for the Belgian military.
It is sometimes stated that all the ABL weapons were either built as a selective fire automatic rifle or that all could be readily convertible to selective fire automatic rifle. The AFN was also used by the Marines of the Belgian Navy or ZM-FN. (Zeemacht – Force Navale).
Luxembourg was the fourth country to order the SAFN 1949 rifles with the first order placed on October 4, 1950 and taking possession of the first 1500 rifles by May 5, 1951.
The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg would eventually purchase a total of 6,306 rifles including rifles specifically for Luxembourg’s Gendarmerie, which were FN-49s that comprised standard models, training cut-away rifles, and sniper variants, all in caliber .30-06 Springfield.[1]
The Luxembourg models except for the Gendarmerie contract were sold as surplus in the United States, some were distributed to purchasers in larger US chain retail outlets.
The Luxembourg models are sought after for two reasons: first, because of the particularly good condition of the Luxembourg surplus rifles; and second, because of the fact that these FN-49 rifles were chambered for the .30-06 Springfield, a cartridge popular in the US sport shooting and hunting communities.
Very few .30-06 FN-49 rifles from other contracts have been imported into the United States, making the Luxembourg rifles the only affordable option for an FN-49 in that caliber.
Indonesia, the Belgian Congo, and Colombia would make up the fifth to seventh contracts all produced in caliber .30-06.[1]
Argentina requested the eighth contract ordering 5,536 SAFN 1949 rifles in caliber 7.65×53mm Argentine on July 29, 1953 for use by the Argentine Navy after an initial order of one test rifle in 1948.[1]
Several prototypes were made in other calibers, including at least five in 6.5×55mm for testing in Sweden, one in caliber 7.5×54mm French for testing in Syria, one in caliber .30-06 for testing in the United States, and one in caliber 7.62×51mm NATO for Brazil.[1]
A very small yet unknown quantity of commercial rifles chambered in .30-06 were imported to the USA and Australia by Browning some time during the 1960’s. These rifles are incredibly rare and few examples have been documented. They are configured with a polished checkered stock with a rollover cheek piece and side mount.

Argentinian modification

Contrary to some speculation FN did not contract or produce the Argentine conversion of SAFN 1949 rifles from 7.65×53mm Argentine to 7.62mm NATO.
While FN did receive and then later deliver an order for a conversion of a single rifle in March 1967 the remaining armory stock of the Argentine rifles were converted domestically by Metalúrgica Centro a company formerly known as Fábrica de armas Halcón.
Metalúrgica Centro provided and installed in each rifle a new barrel in 7.62mm NATO, modified each ejector, and modified each trigger guard to take a new 20 round detachable box magazine.
The converted rifles were provided with proprietary 20 round detachable box magazines manufactured by Metalúrgica Centro to fit the SAFN 1949 rifle conversions.
The 20 round steel magazines are proprietary but were made to share the magazine loading charger with the FN FAL rifle used by the Argentine Army.[1] These chargers are the same as for the Mauser Kar-98k, and thus not interchangeable with standard NATO stripper clips.
A very small number were later used in the Falklands War as sniper rifles by the Argentinians.[citation needed]

Users

Similar weapons[edit]

[3]

References[edit]

  1. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Johnson, Wayne (2004). “The FN-49, The last elegant old-world military rifle”, Wet Dog PublicationsISBN 0-9707997-2-1: p. 46-49.
  2. Jump up^ http://www.cruffler.com/historic-october99.html
  3. Jump up^ Poyer, Joe. “A Shooters & Collector’s Guide”www.johnscollector.com. Retrieved 24 October 2017.