Born again Cynic! Useful Shit Well I thought it was funny!

The truth about the "Good Old Days & how much tougher we were then today' Snowflakes"

Useful Shit

How to take a good trophy photo by John McAdams

How to take a good trophy photo Courtesy of Big Game Hunting Adventures
Congratulations! After investing a great deal of time, energy and money, you finally bagged the trophy of a lifetime. The best way for you to preserve the memories of this hunt forever, while at the same time paying proper respect to the animal, is to take a good trophy photo.
Most of us have limited space for taxidermy in the house, but photographs are cheap and take up almost no space. Unfortunately, taking a good trophy photo is a task that countless hunters mess up each year, wasting a precious opportunity to capture the moment.
On your next hunting trip, make sure you follow these tips on how to take a good trophy photo, and I guarantee that you will appreciate the results.

Carry the right equipment

Courtesy of Steve Myers

The best time to take a trophy photo is immediately after recovering the animal. The animal will look more “fresh” in the photographs and will be easier to move around before rigor mortis sets in. However, this means that you must either be carrying all of the proper equipment necessary to take the photograph or have it quickly accessible.
The most important piece of equipment you’ll need to take a good trophy photo is a good camera. Though carrying a high-quality camera is great, there is not necessarily anything wrong with using a cellphone to take pictures with, just make sure you use one with a good camera.
I cannot emphasize this enough: No matter what camera you decide to carry, make sure you know how to use it. Trying to take a good trophy photo of the buck of your dreams is not the time you should be learning how to use your camera. It does you no good to take the time and create the perfect setting for your trophy photo if the camera isn’t focused properly or the flash won’t go off.
Additionally, try to use a camera that has either a timer setting or a remote. This is especially important when hunting alone, and there is nobody around to photograph you with the animal. However, this can still be helpful when hunting in a group as it will allow you to photograph the entire hunting party at once.
As I’ll discuss later, some of the best trophy photos are those taken from an extremely low angle, which often necessitates laying on the ground. A poncho or other piece of waterproof gear can be helpful by keeping the photographer dry if the ground is wet or muddy.
Finally, if at all possible, carry a small tripod with you as well. This will help ensure that the camera is held steady and level during shooting and greatly assist when taking a group photo.

Prepare the animal and the scene

Courtesy of Matthew Acosta

Remember: the animal (not the hunter) should be the focus of any good trophy photo and that all trophy photos should be taken in a manner respectful to the animal. Whenever possible, take your trophy photos in a natural setting (preferably in the area the hunt occurred).
Whatever you do, ensure that there is nothing distracting or inappropriate in the background of the photograph. Also, please do not take a photograph of an animal in the back of a truck.
One of my favorite poses is to place the animal in a bedded-down position with the legs folded up underneath the body. Then, use a stick, rock or your hand to support the animal’s head during the photographs.
If possible, position the animal so that the horns or antlers are silhouetted against the sky. Remove vegetation or other objects from in front of or behind the animal that may cause a distraction in the photo.
Additionally, take your trophy photos from a low angle. This emphasizes the size of the animal. The two photos below are of the same buffalo, but notice how much more impressive it looks when the photograph was taken from a low angle.

Courtesy of Kevin McAdams

Before taking the photograph, do your best to ensure that you remove excess blood from the animal. Depending on the situation, I like to either use water or dirt to wash away or obscure the blood.
In addition to the actual bullet or arrow wound, don’t forget to clean up the mouth and nose of the animal. Finally, stick the tongue back in the animal’s mouth before taking the trophy photograph.
The photograph below is, in my opinion, almost perfect. The animal is clean and sitting in a dignified position near the area where the hunt occurred. For the most part, the horns are silhouetted against the sky, and the background enhances the beauty of the animal without being distracting. The only thing I can think of to improve this trophy photograph would be to remove the blades of grass that are in front of it.

Courtesy of Kok & Seyffert Big Game Hunting

Don’t forget about preparing yourself for the photograph as well. Avoid wearing sunglasses in trophy photographs. The same goes for hats, since they will often cast a shadow across your face.
Generally speaking, it is best to position yourself either next to, or behind the animal in a trophy photo. Make sure you are close enough to touch the animal, but are also positioned off to the side of the antlers/horns.

Take a variety of shots

Luckily, digital photos are free, and you can take literally hundreds of trophy photos with no problem. Take photos with different settings on the camera, both with and without a flash, or even in black and white or sepia tone.
Take photographs from different angles of different poses as well. Also, don’t be afraid to try out a nontraditional pose or some candid shots. There is a good chance that a pose or camera setting that you did not initially think to try actually ends up being a great trophy photograph.
Keep in mind that you’re trying to tell the story of the hunt with your trophy photograph. Especially if the hunt would not have been successful without the efforts of someone other than the hunter, like the dog in the photo below (who was essential in recovering the impala), make sure you include that member of the team in the trophy photo.

Courtesy of Kok & Seyffert Big Game Hunting

I know that it all sounds really complicated and difficult. Luckily, taking a good trophy photograph is just like anything else: the more you do it, the easier it gets.
Take a critical look at some of your recent trophy photos and choose one or two things to improve on next time you go hunting. I guarantee that down the road, you that you will appreciate taking a little bit of extra time to take some high-quality trophy photos.

Dear Grumpy Advice on Teaching in Today's Classroom Interesting stuff Useful Shit Well I thought it was neat!

The First Aerial Bombing of the Continetial US

Bombing of Naco

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bombing of Naco
Bombing Of Naco Arizona 1929.jpeg

A Dodge touring car destroyed by Patrick Murphy in the bombing of Naco.
Date April 2, 1929–April 6, 1929
Location NacoCochise County, Arizona, United States
Also known as The Naco incident
Type Aerial bombardment
Participants Patrick Murphy

The Bombing of Naco[1][2] was an international incident which occurred in the border town of Naco, Arizona, during the 1929 Escobar Rebellion. While rebel forces were battling Mexican ‘Federales‘ for control of the neighboring town of Naco, Sonora, the Irish mercenary and pilot Patrick Murphy was hired to bombard the government forces with improvised explosives dropped from his biplane. During the ensuing fighting, Murphy mistakenly dropped bombs on the American side of the international border on three occasions, causing significant damage to both private and government-owned property, as well as slight injuries to several American spectators watching the battle from across the border. The bombing, although unintentional, is noted for being the first aerial bombardment of the continental United States by a foreign power in history.[3]


Late in 1928, as the Cristero War was raging in western Mexico, a new revolutionary faction led by General José Gonzalo Escobar drafted the “Plan of Hermosillo” and occupied the copper mining town of Cananea, Sonora, not far from the international border with the United States. Encouraged by their successes early on, they next decided to take control of Agua Prieta and Naco, both situated on the border with Arizona, knowing many of the locals were sympathetic to their cause and thinking the revenue generated by these two towns would be a good source of income for the revolution. From there, General Escobar intended to carry the war south and ultimately oust Emilio Portes Gil and take his place as president.[3]
The battle for Naco began early the next year, on the night of March 31, 1929. The rebels later claimed that they waited until 8:00 PM to attack, so as not to harm any American citizens shopping on the Mexican side of the border. To start the attack, the rebels loaded a train car full of explosives and sent it down the tracks toward the center of town. Unfortunately for the rebels, their plan failed when the train car derailed and exploded before reaching its intended target. After their failure with the train car, the rebels sought outside help from the United States and found it in an Irish cropduster named Patrick Murphy. Other pilots were hired as well, and the Federales found a pilot of their own named Jon Gorre. According to a witness, Murphy and Gorre were friends and although hired by opposing sides, would take turns making bombing runs on the opposing forces in Naco, Sonora, and would spend the night drinking together and enjoying themselves.[1][3][4]
An Arizona citizen named Charlie Elledge saw much of the fighting in Naco, Sonora, while working to repair the roof of the immigration building along the border. Elledge says that Murphy and Gorre bought their homemade “suitcase bombs” from the same man and that about 200 people gathered on the American side of the border each day to watch the fighting, like they had during the Mexican Revolution a decade before. Some brought their children and picnic baskets with lunch and others climbed on top of train cars sitting idle along the border for a better view of the action. The men gambled with each other on where the bombs would fall.[3]

Suitcase bomb[edit]

Diagram of the type of “suitcase bomb” dropped by Patrick Murphy and other pilots during the battle.

The so-called “suitcase bombs” used by Murphy and the other pilots in Naco were improvised aerial bombs made by packing dynamite, scrap iron, nails, nuts and bolts and other small pieces of material to use as fragmentation into a steel cylinder with fins and an improvised warhead made of dynamite caps and a nail for a firing pin. The bombs were then stuffed in suitcases that could be attached to the side of the plane and opened during flight to deliver the payload. Other improvised bombs were made the same way using five-gallon gasoline cans.[2][3]


Murphy dropped one suitcase bomb each on his first two bombing runs, both of which turned out to be duds, and it was his third pass before managed to hit anything: the Mexican custom house near where the crowd of American spectators had formed. The resulting explosion sent small bits of shrapnel and other fragments into the crowd of spectators and caused the American patrons of the bars and clubs on the Mexican side of the border to rush back to their side of the line. Among the casualties were a reporter and a photographer, along with many others, but nobody was killed and all of the injuries were considered minor. After realizing the danger of watching the battle from such a short distance away, the crowd dispersed and went home, some to Fry and Buena.[3]
Neither Murphy or any of the other pilots were very successful in hitting their targets, but the high winds which regularly blow in the region in late spring and early summer most likely contributed to their inaccuracy. The first bomb to actually hit Arizona soil landed at 7:45 AM on April 2[4] and it was followed by others over the next few days. Murphy’s bombing runs smashed windows and otherwise damaged several buildings on the American side of the border, including a garage, the Phelps-Dodge Mercantile and the Haas Pharmacy. One bomb also struck the post office building, making it a federal offense, and another landed next to one of the idle train cars used by the crowd of spectators. Other bombs left large craters in the dirt streets and other unpaved surfaces. Yet another bomb landed on and devastated a regal Dodge touring car owned by a Mexican Army officer, which had been left on the American side of the border for safekeeping during the expected hostilities.[2][3]
Murphy’s bombs were responsible for at least a few deaths on the Mexican side of the border, but nobody was killed on the American side. The Americans suffered more casualties over the following days as bombs landed on their side, but none of the injuries were life-threatening. The final bombardment took place on April 6, when the rebels launched their final attack to take control of the city. Murphy was shot down by Mexican soldiers the following day, but he managed to escape and get across the border, where he was quickly arrested by American authorities. He was released for unspecified reasons after only a couple nights in jail. After being repulsed in their final attack, the rebels retreated to Cananea by way of Agua Prieta, marking the beginning of the end of the revolution in the north.[1][3]


The United States Army was slow in responding to the situation, having closed all military posts in Arizona the same year, with the exception of Fort Huachuca. Fort Huachuca, which is relatively close to Naco, sent two companies of Buffalo Soldiers to occupy Naco, Arizona, and prevent the fighting from spreading into American territory. The commander of the detachment positioned his men along the border and had them prepare to attack at a moment’s notice while he crossed the border and demanded that the rebel commanders stop dropping bombs on the Arizona side. By this time, however, the rebels were already defeated, and so the Buffalo Soldiers never had to engage. A squadron of eighteen warplanes was also dispatched from somewhere in Texas to shoot down any plane violating American airspace, but it never went into action either, and was withdrawn sometime later without incident.[1][3][4]
Murphy never faced charges for his bombing of Naco, Arizona, which became the first aerial bombardment of the continental United States by a foreign power in American history. According to local rumor, the rebel commander, General Escobar, kept a plane loaded with gold near the border so he could escape if the revolution collapsed. When it did, Escobar abandoned his troops and flew into Arizona, where he asked for and received asylum from the local authorities. The rebellion officially came to an end not long after the incident in Naco.[1][3]

Popular culture[edit]

The Bombing of Naco

Dear Grumpy Advice on Teaching in Today's Classroom Useful Shit Well I thought it was neat!

The Secret Plan for the US to Invade Canada Before WW2 – War Plan Red

Ammo Useful Shit Well I thought it was funny!

Just another reason why I DON'T handload!

Fieldcraft Hard Nosed Folks Both Good & Bad Useful Shit

Something for when you REALLY want to fuck with somebodies mind!

All About Guns Allies Dear Grumpy Advice on Teaching in Today's Classroom Interesting stuff Useful Shit

How to Buy a Springfield 1903 or 1903a3 the Best Mauser Clone Ever

Anti Civil Rights ideas & "Friends" Manly Stuff Useful Shit Well I thought it was funny!

Good one Kim!

Born again Cynic! Useful Shit Well I thought it was funny! Well I thought it was neat!

One of the Few Public Services that I will gladly perform for you!

Gear & Stuff Useful Shit

Silencer Guide with Decibel Level Testing by David Lewis

Silencer Guide with Decibel Level Testing

This project is a massive look at silencers with testing data that shows exactly what difference a suppressed firearm can make on your sound levels while shooting.

If you understand how silencers work and would like to jump straight to the data, here is a quick guide to the sections covered in this project:

  1. How Silencers Work
  2. Suppressors vs. Silencers
  3. Benefits of Suppressors
  4. Are Silencers Legal?
  5. Silencer Decibel Level Testing
Video Thumbnail

Understanding How Firearm Silencers/Suppressors Work

When you fire ammunition from a gun, the ammo generates hot pressurized gases that need a place to escape.

As these turbulent gases exit the firearm, the dramatic change in pressure causes a loud blasting sound. A silencer’s job is to redirect these heated gases through a system of chambers and baffles to slow down, cool, and limit the pressure and noise emitted from a firearm’s barrel.

a man shooting a .22lr pistol with a silencer

Shooting a pistol chambered in .22lr with a Dead Air Mask HD Silencer

One great example of how silencers work can be seen when looking at car’s muffler. A muffler’s job is to take the hot gases and noise generated from an internal combustion engine and slow them down through a system of tubes and baffles. The result comes out as exiting exhaust within an acceptable audio range.

Just like mufflers, there is no one size fits all solution for silencers. They come in different shapes and sizes. This lets us control how loud or quiet we would like our firearm to sound. Firearm silencers are so similar to mufflers because the inventor, Hiram Percy Maxim, actually helped with a lot of the research for improving automobile and industrial silencers. His company, Maxim Silencers, is still running strong over 100 years later and remains a leader in the industrial noise control market.

Suppressor vs. Silencer

Silencers are continually a hot topic of debate between gun owners and gun control advocates. The debate usually starts when asking what exactly we should call these devices.

The term “Silencer” is really a colloquial term for firearm suppressors, and one of the most misleading aspects of the whole debate. Contrary to the term, “silencers” do not completely silence a firearm.

Similar to the whole Magazine vs. Clip argument, there are staunch advocates in favor of never using the term “silencer” when discussing firearm suppressing devices. Many point to the way silencers are portrayed in the media as basis of inaccurate representation of their capabilities.
Duck season, rabbit season silencer meme
When used in action films, the bad guys are usually running around gunning down their targets, all while remaining undetected due to the whisper like sound levels of their evil guns. While this makes for a great story telling device, the real-world accuracy of how a silencer actually performs is much different than its Hollywood portrayal.

In reality, most civilian-accessible firearms emit sounds ranging from 140-175 decibels. Silencers only marginally suppress a gun blast, bringing the levels down to around 120-150dB. Most of the time, the sound is still very obviously identifiable as a gun shot.

Many gun owners also fear that inaccurate portrayals could lead to even more regulations for silencers/suppressing devices.

For what it’s worth, the ATF uses the term “Silencer” in their yearly statistical update for sales and applications for firearms and other NFA items.

Oh, and Mr. Maxim, the inventor himself, called them silencers. So, in the suppressor vs. silencer debate we’re going to call them silencers out of respect to Mr. Maxim. But, know we’re not advocating the Hollywood portrayal of these tools as accurate.

Vintage Maxim Silencer advertisement

How Effective are Silencers?

When it comes to a silencer’s capabilities, there is a short and simple answer to the question, “How much quieter is a gun with a silencer?”; It depends.

There are many factors that go into how a suppressed gunshot will sound. The type of silencer used, firearm/caliber choice, ammunition being fired, even temperatue and atmospheric conditions can all impact the overall sound a firearm emits.

Silencers mainly focus on controlling the sound level emitted from firing a round of ammunition. But keep in mind, a firearm’s action also creates mechanical sounds when cycling rounds of ammunition. These sounds are in no way changed by the use of a silencer.

Caliber and Firearm Choice

Since silencers can be expensive and a hassle to purchase, many people opt for a model that will work well with multiple calibers. One popular choice is using a .30 caliber silencer to shoot rounds such as .308/7.62 NATO, and 300 AAC BLK, but also using it to shoot smaller .223 and 5.56 NATO rounds.

Even though a .30 Cal silencer will suppress a gun shot from a smaller caliber, the sound isn’t as suppressed as it would if the shooter were using a model made exclusively for the round being fired.

Barrel length can also have an effect on the overall sound levels of a gun shot.

Generally, the shorter the firearm barrel, the louder the blast will be. A longer barrel allows more time for the powders and gases to burn before escaping the end of the muzzle.

A silencer on H&K MP5 SBR

Subsonic vs Supersonic Ammo

Along with the sound of the action, there is an additional insuppressible noise that comes into play, but it has to do with the actual projectile itself.

Since the use of a silencer does not alter the performance or velocity of the bullet being fired, when the projectile breaks the sound barrier you will hear what’s commonly known as a sonic boom or in this case, a sonic crack. This audible confirmation of a high velocity projectile breaking the sound barrier can reach upwards of 150dB, a level that is capable of rupturing eardrums.

Atmospheric conditions like humidity and temperature however do have an affect on the speed at which the sound barrier is broken. That speed usually falls in the range of 1,100 feet per second. Although, the warmer it gets, a greater velocity is needed to break the barrier.

For instance, the following chart identifies temperatures and the corresponding velocity at which the speed of sound is broken:
A chart showing the affect of temperature on the sound barrier

Most rifle ammunition is manufactured to produce supersonic speeds, although there are some exceptions. Pistol calibers on the other hand are usually a better choice to achieve speeds less than 1,100 feet per second, also known as “subsonic”. It’s possible to shoot both subsonic and supersonic rounds through suppressed firearms. Just keep in mind that the sonic crack can in no way be altered or suppressed itself.

Benefits of Suppressing Firearms

Preserving Hearing Health

Even if you’re not an avid shooter or gun owner, it’s easy to understand one simple fact; exploding gunpowder is really loud. It also doesn’t take an Audiologist to understand that constant exposure to loud noises can lead to hearing loss.

Hearing loss and tinnitus caused by over exposure to loud noises are two of the most common medical conditions for recreational shooters and hunters. In fact, WebMD claims hearing loss is the third most common health problem in the United States.

A decibel level chart with sound level descriptions

The use of a silencer can reduce the deafening sound of gunfire for hunters and shooters by 30-40dB.  This is comparable to benefits of using in- or over-the-ear hearing protection. So why not just wear ear protection all the time? While we definitely recommend using hearing protection, every shooting situation is different and ear-pro may not always be an option.

For example, in a law enforcement shooting situation, an officer may not have time, nor the desire to worry about protecting their hearing. Safety and survival of the officer and innocent bystanders is the key concern.

Shooting in tight enclosed spaces, like in a potential home defense situation, can also lead to permanent hearing damage. The reverberations of a gunshot off of surrounding walls and ceiling can amplify the blast, regardless of the firearm used.

“the only potentially effective noise control method to reduce students’ or instructors’ noise exposure from gunfire is through the use of noise suppressors that can be attached to the end of the gun barrel.” – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Hunters typically don’t wear ear protection when traveling out in the field, either. For starters, a hunter needs to be able to clearly listen for the game they are after. They also need to have full situational awareness, with the ability to clearly communicate with other hunting companions. And in the case for using electronic hearing protection when hunting, most state laws forbid the use of electronic devices that aid in the locating of game animals.

Research that demonstrates the superiority of silencers over traditional ear protection has been published by Matthew P. Branch, MD. He found, “All suppressors offered significantly greater noise reduction than ear-level protection, usually greater than 50% better. Noise reduction of all ear-level protectors is unable to reduce the impulse pressure below 140 dB for certain common firearms, an international standard for prevention of sensorineural hearing loss . . . Modern muzzle-level suppression is vastly superior to ear-level protection and the only available form of suppression capable of making certain sporting arms safe for hearing.”

Recoil Reduction and Accuracy

It’s very natural to flinch in anticipation of loud sounds or movements, it’s in our genes. This is commonly experienced by many people when shooting a firearm. If you’ve ever spent time at the range or in the field hunting, you probably noticed how your shoulder was somewhat tender the next day due to the recoil of the firearm. Anticipating this harsh recoil, shooters tend to brace for the impact and the blast of the muzzle just prior to pulling the trigger. These additional small movements by the shooter can result in poor accuracy down range.

A man shooting an AR 15 rifle with a silencer

By redirecting and cooling the fired gases, silencers are beneficial in mitigating the overall recoil felt by the shooter. In return, the shooter can overcome the instinct to flinch and achieve better shot placement at the range and more humane kills when hunting.

Muzzle Flash Reduction

By using a silencer or suppressor, you can also greatly reduce, or in many cases eliminate the bright muzzle flash caused by the burning gases exiting the barrel. The bright flash emitted from a gun blast can cause temporary blindness and disorientation of the shooter or others in close vicinity. This is typically only an issue when shooting in low light or night time settings, like during a home defense situation, or a night-time predator hunt.

Noise Complaints

People generally don’t like to be interrupted by unwanted noises. The same principle applies to shooting on personal property or rural gun ranges. Even on large tracts of land, noise ordinances can still come into play and neighboring properties may not want to hear you plinking away all afternoon.

Silencers can help soften these noises from personal and public ranges, as well as hunting properties. And a happy neighbor is well worth the investment, trust me.

Silencers aren’t the easiest firearm accessories to purchase. They are heavily regulated, just like actual machine guns, under the National Firearms Act (NFA) of 1934, which falls under the scope of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF).

A map of the United States showing where silencers and suppressors are legal to own

To legally purchase or possess a silencer you must meet the following criteria:

  1. Be a resident of the United States.
  2. Reside in one of the 42 states that allows civilian ownership of silencers.
  3. Be legally eligible to purchase a firearm.
  4. Be at least 21 years of age to purchase a silencer from a licensed silencer dealer.
  5. Be at least 18 years of age to purchase a silencer from an individual on a Form 4 to Form 4 transfer (contingent on state laws).
  6. Be at least 18 years of age to possess a silencer as a beneficiary of a trust or as a member of a corporation (contingent on state laws).
  7. Pass a BATFE criminal background check with a typical wait time of up to 10 months.
  8. Pay a one time $200 Transfer Tax Stamp fee.

At the time of writing this article, the following 42 states allow citizens to own a silencer for personal use: AL, AK, AZ, AR, CO, CT, FL, GA, ID, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, ME, MD, MI, MN, MS, MO, MT, NE, NV, NH, NM, NC, ND, OH, OK, OR, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, VA, WA, WV, WI, WY.

Although legal to own, hunting with silencers is currently illegal in: CT, VT. The hesitation of hunting with silencers in these states allegedly comes from trying to stop poachers from “quietly” killing game animals back in the mid 1900’s. It also seems the local state governments, like many others in the Northeast area, are simply against furthering firearm related legislation.

Mainstream Popularity

Silencers can be somewhat cost prohibitive for most citizens. Depending on the setup, the cost of purchasing a silencer can range from a few hundred to upwards of thousands of dollars. Couple this steep cost with the $200 nonrefundable tax and you can see why some people would like to deregulate these devices.

H&K MP5 Silencer
Despite the extensive regulations and high prices, according to the 2018 ATF Statistical Update, American citizens currently own 1,489,791 silencers. A number that has grown significantly over the past two decades. As of 2018, Texas is the leading state in silencer ownership, with just over a quarter of a million registered devices.
The surge in popularity of these devices has come from modern companies entering the marketplace with enticing advertising. There has also been an increase in education and awareness of hearing loss caused by firearms.
2018 ATF Silencer Ownership Data
However, lately there have been increased efforts by anti-gun groups to try regulate these devices even further. Some groups have even called for a complete and total ban of silencers for firearms. The arguments in favor of bans and confiscations range from how silencers make a firearm “more deadly” all the way to “only murderers use them”.
But, if they’re are so horrible and deadly, why isn’t there a thriving black market for silencers and a plethora of crimes to connect them to?
According to research by Paul A. Clark, from 1995-2005 there were only 153 federal convictions in which a silencer was used during the commission of a crime. Clark also wrote, “The data indicates that use of silenced firearms in crime is a rare occurrence, and is a minor problem. Moreover, the legislative history of silencer statutes indicates that these provisions were adopted with little or no debate”
To fight back against such ridiculous and unsubstantiated claims in recent years, legislation and research have been introduced to try and deregulate the sale of silencers all together. The Hearing Protection Act of 2017Sportsmen’s Heritage and Recreational Enhancement (SHARE) Act, and SHUSH Act, although unsuccessful so far, have sought to amend the current laws to deregulate and treat silencers like other firearm accessories.

Silencer Decibel Level Testing

As far as sound measurements are concerned, we can cite decibel(dB) levels all day, but unless we have something to compare them to, the numbers are somewhat useless. With this in mind, we set out to do our own independent sound level testing. We wanted to approach our project as scientifically and accurately as possible, without first having to get a degree in acoustics.

A man testing the audio levels of gun silencers

For our testing purposes, we used a *Larson Davis Model LxT1-QPR Sound Level Meter.

We recorded both suppressed and non-suppressed readings, using the z-weighting method of measuring high pressure levels. This method of measurement is also referred to as linear or unweighted.

Unweighted is a more accurate method of evaluating potential hearing damage and is the best method to use when testing firearms. MIL-STD 1474D is considered the military standard for measuring sound. Following these standards, we placed the microphone 1 meter to the left of the muzzle and 1.6 meters above the ground, with the microphone pointing upward, at a 90 degree angle to the bore. All testing was completed away from any reflecting surfaces, as to not negatively affect the audio readings.

We compared five of the most popular handgun and rifle calibers available on the market today, testing 30 different SKUs of ammunition in the process. Then, we test fired five rounds suppressed and three unsuppressed with each brand of ammo to find an average dB level.

First Round Pop

The first shot out of a suppressor at any given time will generally be louder than the subsequent rounds fired. This phenomena is commonly known as First Round Pop or FRP. This is caused by the burning off of oxygen that has filled the silencer baffles and chambers when the action is left open or the device has not been in recent use. With FRP in mind, we wanted to gather more testing data to find an average suppressed level, compared to our test shots when firing unsuppressed.

Rifle Caliber Testing

Three of the most popular rifle calibers are .308 Winchester, .223 Rem/5.56mm, and .22lr. We chose two different barrel lengths as one of our test variables, one shorter and one longer. It’s reasonable to assume that the longer barreled firearms with have lower decibel readings.

A chart showing the decibel levels of gun silencers

Suppressed vs. Unsuppressed .22 Long Rifle

As expected, this smaller load had some of the lowest dB readings for the rifle calibers. The lowest average suppressed measurement of 119.34 dB came from firing 22LR Federal American Eagle Rimfire Suppressor 45gr. CPRN ammo with a 16″ Savage Mk II. Overall, we recorded an average of 119-129dB when firing all ammunition suppressed. These levels are comparable to the sounds you would experience when operating most power tools.

When shooting unsuppressed, this smaller caliber comes in at an average of 145-153dB, just slightly louder than the suppressed .308 rifles. It’s a level most people wouldn’t typically expect to see from these tiny little rounds.

Suppressed vs. Unsuppressed .223/5.56mm

Unsuppressed, we recorded an average of 166-171 dB for the 16″ and 20″ AR15 rifles.  When shooting with a silencer, the levels come in at an average of  135-145dB. That’s an average reduction of 36dB between the unsuppressed and suppressed shots.
We observed a change of only 1-4dB between the two barrel lengths, both suppressed and unsuppressed.

Suppressed vs. Unsuppressed .308 Win.

Of all the rifle calibers tested, the loudest average unsuppressed measurement of 172.87 dB came from the 18” Ruger American Predator, firing .308 Win Federal Gold Medal Berger 185gr. OTM ammo. The same ammunition fired with a suppressor came in at an average of 148.4 dB.
While it is a reduction of almost 25 dB, the sound of a suppressed .308 load will still result in hearing damage if additional ear protection is not worn.

Pistol Caliber Testing

We tested three of the most popular pistol calibers, 9mm, 45 ACP, and .22lr, with varying barrel lengths.

A chart showing the decibel level of pistol caliber firearms

Suppressed vs. Unsuppressed .22 Long Rifle

Similar to the rifle testing, .22lr had some of the lower dB readings for this round of testing. The suppressed Sig P226 conversion gave us an average of 120-128 dB for all ammo tested. When fired unsuppressed, the .22lr rounds came in at an average of 155-161 dB, just under the unsuppressed H&K MP5.
With an average reduction of 41 dB, it’s easy to see why so many people enjoy shooting this caliber with a silencer.

Suppressed vs. Unsuppressed 9mm

We chose the ever popular Glock 19 and H&K MP5 for this round of pistol caliber testing. When firing the Glock 19 suppressed, we recorded an average of 134-140 dB, while the H&K MP5 comes in at an average of 133-144 dB. The unsuppressed MP5 registered an average 160-163dB, compared to the unsuppressed Glock 19, with an ear-splitting average of 165-167 dB.
That’s an average reduction of 34 dB when using a silencer with a 9mm firearm.

Suppressed vs. Unsuppressed 45 ACP

We saw comparable results for 45 ACP as we did with 9mm. The average unsuppressed levels, which were some of the loudest results for the pistol calibers, came in at average of 165-167 dB, while the average suppressed levels came in 21-26 dB lower, ranging from 141-146 dB.
Both firearms used for testing in this caliber did have the same barrel length of 5.5″, but are built completely different. There weren’t any measurable differences in the audio levels when unsuppressed, but we did see a 2 dB different when using a silencer.
recording data from silencer testing at the shooting range

If you would like to see all of the raw test data, click the link below:

Silencer dB Level Test Data


There are a lot of reasons for owning a silencer. Some may be about personal rights, others might just be looking for another hearing protection alternative. With a proven reduction of gun shot blasts of up to 30-40 dB, it’s hard to deny the fact that using these devices can and will protect a shooter’s hearing health.
Whatever the reason may be, educating yourself and others will help everyone better understand how these devices, and their potential role as everyday tools, can have an influence on our hearing health, personal defense, and recreational uses.
So where do you stand on the topic? Are you one of the 1.4 Million+ civilians that actually owns a silencer? Let us know about your experience in the comments below and if you would recommend one to someone new to the subject.
Thanks for your support, and as always, happy shooting!

Ammunition Used for Silencer Testing:


Eley Sub-Sonic Xtra Plus 40gr. HP

Federal American Eagle Suppressor 45gr. CPRN

CCI Stinger 32gr. Hyper Velocity HP

Winchester 40gr. Super-X SuperSpeed RN

CCI Small Game Bullet (SGB) 40gr. LFN


Fiocchi 147gr. XTP JHP

Fiocchi 115gr. FMJ

Speer Gold Dot 124gr. JHP

Speer Gold Dot 124gr. +P JHP

Federal HST 124gr. JHP

Federal HST 124gr. +P JHP

Federal BallistiClean 100gr. Frangible

45 ACP

Remington HTP Subsonic 230gr. JHP

Remington UMC 230gr. FMJ

Hornady XTP 200gr. HP

Hornady XTP 200gr. +P HP

Winchester Ranger 230gr. JHP

Winchester Ranger 230gr. +P JHP


Federal American Eagle 62gr. FMJ-BT

Federal Gold Medal 77gr. MatchKing BTHP

Tula 75gr. HP

PMC X-TAC Match 77gr. Sierra MatchKing OTM

Black Hills 36gr. Remanufactured Varmint Grenade HP

Federal Lake City (American Eagle) XM193 55gr. FMJ


Federal Gold Medal Berger 185gr. OTM

PMC Bronze 147gr. FMJBT

WPA Military Classic 145gr. FMJ

Prvi Partizan 145gr. FMJBT

*Correction: It was previously stated that we used the Larson Davis Model 831 Sound Level Meter for this project. The actual model used was the Larson Davis Model LxT1-QPR Sound Level Meter. The two models share a similar user manual, but the Model LXT1 is the correct device to use for firearm level testing.