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Anti Gun Propaganda

Gun related violence is violence committed with the use of a gun (firearm or small arm). Gun related violence may or may not be considered criminal.
Criminal violence includes homicide (except when and where ruled justifiable), assault with a deadly weapon, and suicide, or attempted suicide, depending on jurisdiction.
Non-criminal violence includes accidental or unintentional injury and death (except perhaps in cases of criminal negligence). Also generally included in gun violence statistics are military or para-military activities.

Graph showing the rate of gun deaths per capita in the United States and Australia between the years 1990 and 2012.

Time series showing rates of gun related deaths per capita (all sources) in the US and Australia (1990-2012).

According to Gun Policy.org, 75 percent of the world’s 875 million guns are civilian controlled.[1]
Globally, millions are wounded through the use of guns.[1] Assault by firearm resulted in 180,000 deaths in 2013 up from 128,000 deaths in 1990.[2]There were additionally 47,000 unintentional firearm related deaths in 2013.[2]
Levels of gun related violence vary greatly among geographical regions, countries, and even subnationally.[3]
The United States has the highest rate of gun related deaths per capita among developed countries,[4]:29 though it also has the highest rate of gun ownership and the highest rate of officers.
Many studies have found a positive association between gun ownership and gun-related homicide and suicide rates.[5]
Gun control is a very controversial topic in the United States of America today. Gun control is defined as “Laws or policies that regulate within a jurisdiction the manufacture, sale, transfer, possession, modification, or use of firearms by civilians”. (The Simple Truth About Gun Control). Often, the Second Amendment is referenced by those both in favor and against gun control because while guns have played an integral role in America’s history, they have also caused much destruction. Due to recent mass shootings in the United States in schools, movie theaters, night clubs, etc. this issue has come to the forefront of many political and everyday debates.
According to the United Nations, deaths from small firearms exceed that of all other weapons combined, and more die each year from gun related violence than did in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki combined.[6] The global death toll from use of guns may number as high as 1,000 dead each day.[6]

Prevention[edit]

A number of ideas have been proposed on how to lessen the incidence of gun related violence.
Some propose keeping a gun at home to keep one safer. Mother Jones has reported that “Owning a gun has been linked to higher risks of homicide, suicide, and accidental death by gun.”[7] According to the FBI, gun related violence is linked to gun ownership and is not a function or byproduct of crime. Their study indicates that more than 90% of gun related deaths were not part of a commission of a crime, rather they were directly related to gun ownership.[8][9] Some propose keeping a gun for self-defense, however Mother Jones reports that [a] Philadelphia study found that the odds of an assault victim being shot were 4.5 times greater if he carried a gun” and that “[h]is odds of being killed were 4.2 times greater” when armed.[7] Other studies have concluded that firearm possession provides a deterrent benefit. “Research conducted by Professors James Wright and Peter Rossi, for a landmark study funded by the U.S. Department of Justice, points to the armed citizen as possibly the most effective deterrent to crime in the nation. Wright and Rossi questioned over 1,800 felons serving time in prisons across the nation” [10] Others propose arming civilians to counter mass shootings. FBI research shows that between 2000 and 2013 “In 5 incidents (3.1%), the shooting ended after armed individuals who were not law enforcement personnel exchanged gunfire with the shooters.” [11] Another proposal is to expand self defense laws for cases where a person is being aggressed upon, although “those policies have been linked to a 7 to 10% increase in homicides” (that is, shootings where self-defense cannot be claimed).[7]

Types[edit]

Suicide[edit]

There is a strong relationship between guns in the home, as well as access to guns more generally, and suicide risk, the evidence for which is strongest in the United States.[12][13] A 1992 case-control study conducted in Tennessee and Washington found that individuals in a firearm owning home are close to five times more likely to commit suicide than those individuals who do not own firearms.[14] A 2002 study found that access to guns in the home was associated with an increased risk of suicide among middle-aged and older adults, even after controlling for psychiatric illness.[15] As of 2008, there were 12 case-control studies that had been conducted in the U.S., all of which had found that guns in the home were associated with an increased risk of suicide.[16] However, a 1996 New Zealand study found no significant relationship between household guns and suicide.[17] Assessing data from 14 developed countries where gun ownership levels were known, the Harvard Injury Control Research Center found statistically significant correlations between those levels and suicide rates. However, the parallels were lost when data from additional nations was included.[18]:30 A 2006 study found a significant effect of changes in gun ownership rates on gun suicide rates in multiple Western countries.[19]During the 1980s and 1990s, the rate of adolescent suicides with guns caught up with adult rates, and the 75-and-older rate rose above all others.[4]:20–21[20] The use of firearms in suicides ranges from less than 10 percent in Australia[21] to 50 percent in the United States, where it is the most common method[22] and where suicides outnumber homicides 2-to-1.[23] Those whoe purchased a firearm where found to be high risk for suicide within a week of the purchase[24] The United States has both the highest number of Suicides and Gun ownerships for a developed country and firearms are the most popular method to commit suicide. In the United states when Gun ownerships rise so too does suicide by firearm. [25] Suicide can be an impulsive act, 40% of those who survived a suicide attempt said that they only considered suicide up to five minutes before attempting the act. This impulsivity can lead to the use of a firearm as it is seen as a quick and lethal method.[26]
According to U.S. criminologist Gary Kleck, studies that try to link gun ownership to victimology often fail to account for the presence of guns owned by other people.[27] Research by economists John Lott of the U.S. and John Whitley of Australia indicates that safe-storage laws do not appear to affect juvenile accidental gun-related deaths or suicides.[28] In contrast, a 2004 study led by Daniel Webster found that such laws were associated with slight reductions in suicide rates among children. The same study criticized Lott and Whitley’s study on the subject for inappropriately using a Tobit model.[29] A committee of the U.S. National Research Council said ecological studies on violence and firearms ownership provide contradictory evidence. The committee wrote: “[Existing] research studies and data include a wealth of descriptive information on homicide, suicide, and firearms, but, because of the limitations of existing data and methods, do not credibly demonstrate a causal relationship between the ownership of firearms and the causes or prevention of criminal violence or suicide.”[30]

Intentional homicide[edit]

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) defines intentional homicide as “acts in which the perpetrator intended to cause death or serious injury by his or her actions.” This excludes deaths: related to conflicts (war); caused by recklessness or negligence; or justifiable, such as in self-defense or by law enforcement in the line of duty.[3] A 2009 report by the Geneva Declaration using UNODC data showed that worldwide firearms were used in an average of 60 percent of all homicides.[31]:67 In the U.S. in 2011, 67 percent of homicide victims were killed by a firearm: 66 percent of single-victim homicides and 79 percent of multiple-victim homicides.[32] In 2009, the United States’ homicide rate was reported to be 5.0 per 100,000.[33] A 2016 Harvard study claims that in 2010 the homicide rate was about 7 times higher than that of other high-income countries, and that the US gun homicide rate was 25.2 times higher.[34] Another Harvard study found that higher gun availability was strongly correlated with higher homicide rates across 26 high-income countries.[35] Access to guns is associated with an increased risk of being the victim of homicide.[13]

Domestic violence[edit]

Some gun control advocates say that the strongest evidence linking availability of guns to death and injury is found in domestic violence studies, often referring to those by public health policy analyst Arthur Kellermann. In response to suggestions by some that homeowners would be wise to acquire firearms for protection from home invasions, Kellermann investigated in-home homicides in three cities over five years. He found that the risk of a homicide was in fact slightly higher in homes where a handgun was present. The data showed that the risk of a crime of passion or other domestic dispute ending in a fatal injury was higher when a gun was readily available (essentially loaded and unlocked) compared to when no gun was readily available. Kellerman said this increase in mortality overshadowed any protection a gun might have deterring or defending against burglaries or invasions. He also concluded that further research of domestic violence causes and prevention are needed.[36]
Critics of Kellermann’s study say that it is more directly a study of domestic violence than of gun ownership. Gary Kleck and others dispute the work.[37][38] Kleck says that few of the homicides that Kellermann studied were committed with guns belonging to the victim or members of his or her household, and that it was implausible that victim household gun ownership contributed to their homicide. Instead, according to Kleck, the association that Kellermann found between gun ownership and victimization reflected that people who live in more dangerous circumstances are more likely to be murdered, but also were more likely to have acquired guns for self-protection.[39]

Robbery and assault[edit]

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime defines robbery as the theft of property by force or threat of force. Assault is defined as a physical attack against the body of another person resulting in serious bodily injury. In the case of gun related violence, the definitions become more specific and include only robbery and assault committed with the use of a firearm.[40] Firearms are used in this threatening capacity four to six times more than firearms used as a means of protection in fighting crime.[41][42] Hemenway’s figures are disputed by other academics, who assert there are many more defensive uses of firearms than criminal uses. See John Lott’s “More Guns, Less Crime”.
In terms of occurrence, developed countries have similar rates of assaults and robberies with firearms, whereas the rates of homicides by firearms vary greatly by country.[4][43]

Accidental firearm deaths[edit]

From 1979 to 1997, almost 30,000 people in the United States alone died from accidental firearm injuries. A disproportionately high number of these deaths occurred in parts of the United States where firearms are more prevalent.[44]

Costs of gun related violence[edit]

Violence committed with guns leads to significant public healthpsychological, and economic costs.

Economic costs[edit]

Aside from the human costs like the emotional toll of losing a loved one, the purely economic cost of gun related violence in the United States is $229 billion a year,[45][qualify evidence] meaning a single murder has average direct costs of almost $450,000, from the police and ambulance at the scene, to the hospital, courts, and prison for the murderer.[45] A 2014 study found that from 2006 to 2010, gun-related injuries in the United States cost $88 billion.[46]

Public health[edit]

Assault by firearm resulted in 180,000 deaths worldwide in 2013, up from 128,000 deaths worldwide in 1990.[2] There were 47,000 unintentional firearm deaths worldwide in 2013.[2]
Emergency medical care is a major contributor to the monetary costs of such violence. It was determined in a study that for every firearm death in the United States for the year beginning 1 June 1992, an average of three firearm-related injuries were treated in hospital emergency departments.[47]

Psychological[edit]

Children exposed to gun related violence, whether they are victims, perpetrators, or witnesses, can experience negative psychological effects over the short and long terms. Psychological trauma also is common among children who are exposed to high levels of violence in their communities or through the media.[48] Psychologist James Garbarino, who studies children in the U.S. and internationally, found that individuals who experience violence are prone to mental and other health problems, such as post-traumatic stress disorder and sleep deprivation. These problems increase for those who experience violence as children.[49]

Gun Related Violence in the United States[edit]

In July 2012, James Holmes entered an Aurora, Colorado movie theater and opened fire on the patrons. He used three weapons that were legally purchased two months before the shooting. 12 people were killed, and 70 were also wounded. Prior to the shooting, Holmes purchased over 6,000 rounds of ammunition via the Internet. It is believed that a serious mental illness may have contributed to his actions.[50]
In December 2012, Adam Lanza shot and killed his mother, then proceeded to kill 26 others at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut. The weapons that Lanza used were owned by his mother. Former classmates of Lanza have stated that he was bullied in high school, and suffered from a developmental disorder that was never treated in a psychiatric setting.[50]
In June 2016, Omar Mateen used two legally purchased guns to shoot and kill 49 and wound 53 people at Pulse Nightclub in Orlando, Florida. Even though Mateen was under FBI investigation for several years prior to the incident, he was still able to legally purchase the guns that he used.[50]
Many people have differing opinions regarding gun ownership in the United States due to violent acts, such as the ones listed above. One study conducted in 2004 showed that 38% of households and 26% of people surveyed admitted to owning at least one firearm. (L Hepburn, 2004) Gun ownership in the US has increased steadily in the last few years as people felt the need to have a weapon of self-defense in the home. The widespread paranoia with regards to acts of violence may be down to statistics that show a rise in acts of violence and theft in the US. Between 1960 and 1975, reports of rape rose by 174%, robbery by 263%, aggravated assault by 164% and homicide by 188%. (Felson, 1979)
What is most notable about these shooting events is that the perpetrators suffered from mental illness. Gun control advocates believe that the lack of focus on mental health treatment is one of many causes of gun violence. They also believe that stronger background checks by arms dealers may curb the amount of mass shootings and gun violence that occurs.[51]

Gun Related Violence in Australia[edit]

Port Arthur[edit]

Stop Gun Violence Sad Face Sign (4573522770).jpg

The Port Arthur massacre in 1996 Australia, horrified the Australian public. The gunman opened fire on shop owners and tourists killing 35 people, and wounding 23. This massacre, kick started Australia’s laws against guns. The Prime Minister at that time, John Howard, proposed a gun law that prevented the public from having all semi-automatic rifles, all semi-automatic and pump-action shotguns, in addition to a tightly restrictive system of licensing and ownership controls. Of course it was no surprise that gun enthusiasts were outraged, which worried John Howard. So during the time he held public meetings, he had a bullet proof vest on the whole time, which was indeed visible.
The government also bought back guns from people. In 1996-2003 it was estimated they bought back and destroyed nearly 1 million firearms. By the end of 1996, whilst Australia was still reeling from the Port Arthur massacre, the gun law was fully in place. Since then, the number of deaths related to gun related violence dwindled almost every year. In 1979 six hundred and eighty-five people[52] died due to gun violence, and in 1996 it was five hundred and sixteen. Since then, the numbers just continue to drop. In 2011 just one hundred and eighty-eight deaths, and more recently in 2014, two hundred and thirty deaths.[53]

Sydney Siege[edit]

On the Australia’s most mediated gun violence related incident since Port Arthur, was the 2014 Sydney Hostage Crisis. On 15–16 December 2014, a lone gunman, Man Haron Monis, held hostage 17 customers and employees of a Lindt chocolate café. The perpetrator was on bail at the time, and had previously been convicted of a range of offences.[54][55]
The following year in August, the New South Wales Government tightened the laws of bail and illegal firearms, creating a new offence for the possession of a stolen firearm, with a maximum of 14 years imprisonment.[56]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Jump up to:a b Alpers, Philip; Wilson, Marcus (2013). “Global Impact of Gun Violence”gunpolicy.org. Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
  2. Jump up to:a b c d GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators (17 December 2014). “Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013”Lancet385: 117–71. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61682-2PMC 4340604Freely accessible. PMID 25530442.
  3. Jump up to:a b “Global Study on Homicide 2011”. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Retrieved December 18, 2012.
  4. Jump up to:a b c Cook, Philip J.; Ludwig, Jens (2000). Gun Violence: The Real Costs. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195137934OCLC 45580985.
  5. Jump up^ Wintemute, Garen J. (18 March 2015). “The Epidemiology of Firearm Violence in the Twenty-First Century United States”. Annual Review of Public Health36 (1): 5–19. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031914-122535.
  6. Jump up to:a b http://www.gunpolicy.org/firearms/region/
  7. Jump up to:a b c “10 Pro-Gun Myths, Shot Down”Mother Jones.
  8. Jump up^ Justice, National Center for Juvenile. “Easy Access to the FBI’s Supplementary Homicide Reports”www.ojjdp.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
  9. Jump up^ “The Gun Violence Stats the NRA Doesn’t Want You to Consider”The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
  10. Jump up^ “Gun Control Research – Wright and Rossi Department of Justice Study (deterrent effect of armed citizens upon criminal behavior)” (PDF). Leg.state.co.us. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
  11. Jump up^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on December 10, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  12. Jump up^ Brent, David A. (25 January 2006). “Firearms and Suicide”. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences932 (1): 225–240. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2001.tb05808.x.
  13. Jump up to:a b Anglemyer, Andrew; Horvath, Tara; Rutherford, George (21 January 2014). “The Accessibility of Firearms and Risk for Suicide and Homicide Victimization Among Household Members”. Annals of Internal Medicine160 (2): 101–110. doi:10.7326/M13-1301. PMID 24592495.
  14. Jump up^ Kellerman, Arthur L.; Rivara, Frederick P. (August 13, 1992). “Suicide in the Home in Relation to Gun Ownership”The New England Journal of Medicine. Massachusetts Medical Society. 327 (7): 467–472. doi:10.1056/NEJM199208133270705PMID 1308093.
  15. Jump up^ Conwell, Yeates; Duberstein, Paul R.; Connor, Kenneth; Eberly, Shirley; Cox, Christopher; Caine, Eric D. (July 2002). “Access to Firearms and Risk for Suicide in Middle-Aged and Older Adults”. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry10(4): 407–416. doi:10.1097/00019442-200207000-00007PMID 12095900.
  16. Jump up^ Miller, Matthew; Hemenway, David (4 September 2008). “Guns and Suicide in the United States”. New England Journal of Medicine359 (10): 989–991. doi:10.1056/NEJMP0805923PMID 18768940.
  17. Jump up^ Beautrais, Annette L.; Joyce, Peter R.; Mulder, Roger T. (December 1996). “Access to firearms and the risk of suicide: a case control study”. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry30 (6): 741–748. doi:10.3109/00048679609065040PMID 9034462.
  18. Jump up^ Miller, Matthew; Hemenway, David (2001). “Firearm Prevalence and the Risk of Suicide: A Review” (PDF). Harvard Health Policy Review. Exploring Policy in Health Care (EPIHC). 2 (2): 29–37. One study found a statistically significant relationship between gun ownership levels and suicide rate across 14 developed nations (e.g. where survey data on gun ownership levels were available), but the association lost its statistical significance when additional countries were included.
  19. Jump up^ Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta; Killias, Martin; Hepp, Urs; Gadola, Erika; Bopp, Matthias; Lauber, Christoph; Schnyder, Ulrich; Gutzwiller, Felix; Rössler, Wulf (October 2006). “Changing Times: A Longitudinal Analysis of International Firearm Suicide Data”American Journal of Public Health96 (10): 1752–1755. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2005.075812PMC 1586136Freely accessiblePMID 16946021.
  20. Jump up^ Ikeda, Robin M.; Gorwitz, Rachel; James, Stephen P.; Powell, Kenneth E.; Mercy, James A. (1997). “Fatal Firearm Injuries in the United States 1962-1994”Violence Surveillance Summary. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. 3.
  21. Jump up^ Harrison, James E.; Pointer, Sophie; Elnour, Amr Abou (July 2009). “A review of suicide statistics in Australia” (PDF). aihw.gov.au. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
  22. Jump up^ McIntosh, JL; Drapeau, CW (November 28, 2012). “U.S.A. Suicide: 2010 Official Final Data” (PDF). suicidology.org. American Association of Suicidology. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 28, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
  23. Jump up^ “Twenty Leading Causes of Death Among Persons Ages 10 Years and Older, United States”National Suicide Statistics at a Glance. Centers for Disease Control. 2009. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
  24. Jump up^ http://fh6xn3yd3x.search.serialssolutions.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info%3Aofi%2Fenc%3AUTF-8&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fsummon.serialssolutions.com&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.atitle=Suicide%2C+guns%2C+and+public+policy&rft.jtitle=American+journal+of+public+health&rft.au=Lewiecki%2C+E+Michael&rft.au=Miller%2C+Sara+A&rft.date=2013-01-01&rft.eissn=1541-0048&rft.volume=103&rft.issue=1&rft.spage=27&rft_id=info%3Apmid%2F23153127&rft.externalDocID=23153127&paramdict=en-US]
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  27. Jump up^ Kleck, Gary (2004). “Measures of Gun Ownership Levels of Macro-Level Crime and Violence Research” (PDF). Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. Sage Publications. 41 (1): 3–36. doi:10.1177/0022427803256229NCJ 203876. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-09-20. Studies that attempt to link the gun ownership of individuals to their experiences as victims (e.g., Kellermann, et al. 1993) do not effectively determine how an individual’s risk of victimization is affected by gun ownership by other people, especially those not living in the gun owner’s own household.
  28. Jump up^ Lott, John R.; Whitley, John E. (2001). “Safe-Storage Gun Laws: Accidental Deaths, Suicides, and Crime” (PDF). Journal of Law and Economics44 (2): 659–689. doi:10.1086/338346It is frequently assumed that safe-storage laws reduce accidental gun deaths and total suicides. We find no support that safe-storage laws reduce either juvenile accidental gun deaths or suicides.
  29. Jump up^ Webster, Daniel W. (4 August 2004). “Association Between Youth-Focused Firearm Laws and Youth Suicides”. JAMA292(5): 594–601. doi:10.1001/jama.292.5.594PMID 15292085.
  30. Jump up^ National Research Council (2004). “Executive Summary”. In Wellford, Charles F.; Pepper, John V.; Petrie, Carol V. Firearms and Violence: A Critical Review. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. ISBN 978-0-309-09124-4.
  31. Jump up^ “Lethal Encounters: Non-conflict Armed Violence” (PDF). Global Burden of Armed Violence 2008. Geneva, Switzerland: Geneva Declaration Secretariat. September 2008. pp. 67–88. ISBN 978-2-8288-0101-4. by Geneva Declaration editors using UNODC data.
  32. Jump up^ Cooper, Alexia; Smith, Erica L. (December 30, 2013). “Homicide in the U.S. Known to Law Enforcement, 2011”bjs.gov. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved February 28, 2014.
  33. Jump up^ “Global Study on Homicide” (PDF). Unodc.org. 2011. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
  34. Jump up^ Grinshteyn, E; Hemenway, D (March 2016). “Violent Death Rates: The US Compared with Other High-income OECD Countries, 2010”. The American Journal of Medicine129 (3): 266–73. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2015.10.025PMID 26551975.
  35. Jump up^ Hemenway, D; Miller, M (December 2000). “Firearm availability and homicide rates across 26 high-income countries”. The Journal of Trauma49 (6): 985–8. doi:10.1097/00005373-200012000-00001PMID 11130511.
  36. Jump up^ Kellerman, Arthur L.; Rivara, Frederick P. (October 7, 1993). “Gun ownership as a risk factor for homicide in the home”The New England Journal of Medicine. Massachusetts Medical Society. 329 (15): 1084–1091. doi:10.1056/NEJM199310073291506PMID 8371731.
  37. Jump up^ Suter, Edgar A. (March 1994). “Guns in the medical literature–a failure of peer review”Journal of the Medical Association of Georgia83 (13): 133–148. PMID 8201280.
  38. Jump up^ Kates, Don B.; Schaffer, Henry E.; Lattimer, John K.; Murray, George B.; Cassem, Edwin H. (1995). Kopel, David B., ed. Guns: Who Should Have Them?. New York: Prometheus Books. pp. 233–308. ISBN 9780879759582. in chapter “Bad Medicine: Doctors and Guns.” Orig. pub. 1994 in Tennessee Law Review as “Guns and Public Health: Epidemic of Violence or Pandemic of Propaganda?”
  39. Jump up^ Kleck, Gary (February 2001). “Can Owning a Gun Really Triple the Owner’s Chances of being Murdered?”Homicide Studies. SAGE. 5 (1): 64–77. doi:10.1177/1088767901005001005.
  40. Jump up^ “United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime: Data”unodc.org. UNODC. August 29, 2013. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
  41. Jump up^ David Hemenway; Deborah Azrael; D Hemenway (2000). “The Relative Frequency of Offensive and Defensive Gun Uses: Results from a National Survey”. Violence and Victims15 (3): 257–272. PMID 11200101.
  42. Jump up^ Hemenway, David; Azrael, Deborah; Miller, Matthew (2000). “Gun use in the United States: results from two national surveys”Injury Prevention6 (4): 263–267. doi:10.1136/ip.6.4.263PMC 1730664Freely accessiblePMID 11144624.
  43. Jump up^ Zimring, Franklin E.; Hawkins, Gordon (1997). Crime Is Not the Problem: Lethal Violence in America. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195131055OCLC 860399367.
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  45. Jump up to:a b (A. Peters. (2015) The Staggering Costs Of Gun Violence In The U.S. Every Year retrieved from http://www.fastcoexist.com/3047682/the-staggering-costs-of-gun-violence-in-the-us-every-year)
  46. Jump up^ Lee, Jarone; Quraishi, Sadeq A.; Bhatnagar, Saurabha; Zafonte, Ross D.; Masiakos, Peter T. (May 2014). “The economic cost of firearm-related injuries in the United States from 2006 to 2010”. Surgery155 (5): 894–898. doi:10.1016/j.surg.2014.02.011.
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  48. Jump up^ (Kathleen R. Patti L. Richard E.B. (2002) children, youth and gun violence. Retrieved from http://futureofchildren.org/publications/journals/article/index.xml?journalid=42&articleid=162&sectionid=1035 )
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Further reading[edit]

Library resources in your library about gun violence

External links[edit]

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Concealed Gun Permits will not help in the fight against Crime. Yeah, right!

Concealed Permit Holder Who Shot Alleged Carjacker: ‘He Should Learn His Lesson’

The concealed carry permit holder who shot one of two alleged carjackers on Saturday said the wounded suspect “should learn his lesson.”

The incident occurred in New Orleans, Louisiana.
According to The Advocate, 63-year-old Bernie Sideboard was in a car when two armed, masked men approached and allegedly demanded the vehicle. Sideboard is a concealed carry permit holder and he pulled his gun and shot one suspect, 17-year-old Andrew Spikes, during the alleged crime.
Spikes was able to flee the scene along with the second suspect, 21-year-old Jonah Marco. But Spikes was later arrested when he showed up at a hospital to get treatment for a gunshot wound to the stomach.

Sideboard is a “retired merchant seaman” who says he grew up under hard conditions and that he reacted to the alleged carjacking based “purely on instinct.” He said, “Where I’m from, it’s kill or get killed.”
He spoke specifically about the suspect whom he shot, saying, “He needs to be disciplined, and he needs to go to jail. I worked hard all my life for everything I have. He should learn his lesson so he doesn’t do this again to anyone else.”
Police believe the two suspects may be tied to a rash of similar crimes in the area where the alleged carjacking attempt took place.
AWR Hawkins is an award-winning Second Amendment columnist for Breitbart News, the host of the Breitbart podcast Bullets, and the writer/curator of Down Range with AWR Hawkinsa weekly newsletter focused on all things Second Amendment, also for Breitbart News. He is the political analyst for Armed American Radio. Follow him on Twitter: @AWRHawkins. Reach him directly at [email protected]. Sign up to get Down Range at breitbart.com/downrange.

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Well I thought it was funny!

For once the French got it right!

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Well I thought it was funny!

As you have no doubt guessed I have an issue with Cats

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All About Guns

ASTRA 2000 CUB .22 SHORT




 

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All About Guns

Why I still like The Sporterized Bolt Action Rifle Part 1

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Some of the key reasons on why I will usually buy a Sporterized rifle instead of a factory made rifle. Are easy to understand if one is willing to think things thru a bit. Sorry if I sound patronizing on that last part.

  Now do not get me wrong as all of the Major Companies that make Bolt Actions are generally pretty good guns. But there are some things about them that make me very hesitant about shelling out the big bucks for them. Image result for Eisenhower's shotgun
Ike’s Winchester model 12
  So if you have been kind enough to bear with me so far. Here goes my thinking on this subject.
  Now today most factory rifles are a series of compromises, cutting corners and other things done to to increase the profit level of the company that makes it.
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  Now there is nothing wrong with that as the Share Holders rightfully expect that. Otherwise they will take their money elsewhere. Then the Company goes out of business and a lot of folks are out of work.
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  Some other problems that face the industry is that of labor. Now do not get me wrong. I think that the Working Man is the backbone of this nation. That & w/o them this country would be in a world of hurt.
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  But being human.They also have some problems. For example, no one in their right mind wants what is called a Friday or Monday Car. Or worst of all a post Super Bowl Car.
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  Fortunately the Quality Control Guys get most of them before they leave the site. That is also why most states have Lemon Laws on their books. But not for guns!
  Also up until recently all the Major Gun Companies were having to use Union Labor. Which in turn drives up the cost.
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  Now having been a former reluctant member of the Teachers Union*.  I think that I can say that Unions are at best a mixed bag for everyone. But that is just the way it is and I do not think that its ever going to change.
  But let us move on.
  So let us say that I did buy a news rifle out of the box. It seemed to me that I always had to go the local gunsmith and have it “tuned up”.
  As it almost always seemed that the issued trigger was not up to snuff. That and the barrel had to be free floated. Otherwise my basic pattern would like like a case of measles on the target.
  I will not go on about replacing the recoil pad. (Especially if it was a Ruger #1 Rifle) Or having a scope mounted on it. (Granted Ruger does make it easy with their scope rings system to be fair about it)
More Tomorrow!
* The Only Thing that my Union ever did for me. was to take a $150 a month out of my paycheck. That & when ever I got into trouble at work. The only person who helped me out was myself. So now you might understand my position about organized labor.
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Other Stuff

Happy Birthday for the United States Army Cavalry

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The Official Birthday of the US Cavalry / Armor is
                     12 December 1776
The Armor branch traces its origin to the Cavalry. A Regiment of Cavalry was authorized to be raised by the Continental Congress Resolve of 12 December 1776.

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Happy Hanukkah 2017 ! (It's from Today until 20th of Dec)

To all of our Friends out there that Celebrate Hanukkah! I want to wish a Grand & Glorious One! I also want to Thank you for your Patronage of my Humble Blog!
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All About Guns Anti Civil Rights ideas & "Friends" Cops

Gun Control in Japan & The Yakuza

Japan’s gun control laws so strict the Yakuza turn to toy pistols

Japan has some of the world’s strictest gun control laws with punishments that even scare gangsters

They also make their money via extortion, racketeering, loan sharking, and a host of other illegal activities.
For collecting protection money, guns would seem to be ideal, but these days, fake guns serve the purpose of striking fear into victims and rivals, without the heavy penalties. However, the results are sometimes comical rather than deadly.
According to Nagoya Television and other sources, on November 29 at the Nagoya District Course, a crime boss from the Kobe Yamaguchi-gumi was sentenced to three years in prison (four years suspended) for threatening a rival gang member with a toy gun.
Last December, in Nagoya City, Yoichi Yoshida, 49, chairman of the Kobe-Yamaguchi-gumi Issei-kai crime group, confronted a 46-year-old rival boss in the Yamaguchi-gumi.
He pressed a fake gun against him and repeatedly pulled the trigger, making gunshot sounds several times. In Japanese, the sounds of a gun are represented as “BAN” “DON” “GAN” rather than “BANG BANG”.
Reports at the time of the crime vary as to what the fake gun sounded like, but police confirmed that the model gun did not actually discharge any real or fake bullets, of any kind.

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In video games, comics, and “the good old days,”yakuza fired guns without hesitation. Now they shun them. The penalties are too high.

The Yamaguchi-gumi, Japan’s largest organized crime group, with over a hundred years in business split apart on August 27th 2015. The Kobe Yamaguchi-gumi, the new group, has been skirmishing with the Yamaguchi-gumi ever since. There has been relatively little bloodshed. The toy gun threat was part of that conflict.
Ryo Fujiwara, long-time writer on yakuza affairs and author of the book, The Three Yamaguchi-Gumi, says that the punishment for using a gun in a gang war or in a crime is now so heavy that most yakuza avoid their use at all – unless it is for an assassination.
“In a hit, whoever fires the gun, or is made to take responsibility for firing the gun, has to pretty much be willing to go to jail for the rest of their life. That’s a big decision. The repercussions are big, too. No one wants to claim responsibility for such acts – the gang office might actually get shut-down.”
The gang typically also has to support the family of the hit-man while he is in prison, which is also a financial burden for the organization.
Japan’s Firearms and Swords Control Laws make it a crime to illegally possess a gun, with a punishment of jail time of up to 10 years.
Illegal possession more than one gun, the penalty goes up to 15 years in prison. If you own a gun and matching ammunition, that’s another charge and a heavier penalty. The most severe penalty is for the act of discharging a gun in a train, on a bus, or most public spaces, which can result in a life sentence.
After the mayor of Nagasaki City was shot to death by a Yamaguchi-gumi member in 2007, the laws have been continually revised to make them even stricter.
A police officer in Osaka’s Organized Crime Control Division, speaking on background noted, “In the de facto world of law enforcement, when a yakuza fires a gun, we’re almost always going to charge them with attempted murder—which is a very heavy crime and serious time in ‘the pig-house’ (jail). Guns kill people, so if you use one, intent to kill is right there. Toy guns? Not so much.”
He added, “Unless you’re an old gangster and wanting to stay in jail until you die because you got nowhere else to go, you don’t use a gun. The crime isn’t worth the time in jail.”
Last June, two members of the Matsuba-kai crime group, had a wrist watch worth 850,000 yen ($7,626) sent to their office in the Arakawa district of Tokyo, cash on delivery.
When the watch arrived, one of the gang members pulled out a model gun and told the delivery workers, “Leave the watch and get out of here!”
The deliverymen, however, didn’t flinch. They grabbed back the box with the watch, took the model gun away from the yakuza, ran out of the office and called the police. The gang members were later arrested on charges of attempted extortion.
According to the National Police Agency of Japan, in a nation of over 122 million people, there were 12 shootings in the first half of 2017, with two people killed and three injured. Eight of the shootings were believed to be connected to organized crime.
A low-ranking member of the Kobe-Yamaguchi-gumi put it this way: “All of the smart guys got rid of their guns a long-time ago. The penalties are way too high. You get life in prison if you just fire a gun. That’s not fun.”
Jake Adelstein is the author of the memoir Tokyo Vice: An American Reporter on the Police Beat in Japan and chief editor of on-line journal Japan Subculture Research.
They look like a bunch of fun guys Huh?
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