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List of Sniper Rifles

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Name Manufacturer Image Cartridge Country Year
7.62 Tkiv 85 Valmet 7,62 Tarkkuuskivääri 85 Lippujuhlan päivä 2013.JPG 7.62×53mmR  Finland 1984
Accuracy International Arctic Warfare Accuracy International Accuracy International Arctic Warfare - Psg 90.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO
.308 Winchester
 United Kingdom 1982
Accuracy International AS50 Accuracy International Ai as50.png .50 BMG  United Kingdom 2007
Accuracy International AW50 Accuracy International Weapons Company, Australian Army participate in bilateral live-fire training 150524-M-EB365-056.jpg .50 BMG  United Kingdom 2000
Accuracy International AWM Accuracy International L115A3 sniper rifle.jpg .300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum
 United Kingdom 1996
Alejandro Sniper Rifle Union de Industrias Militares Alejandro.png 7.62×54mmR  Cuba 2002
AMR-2 China South Industries Group 12.7×108mm  China
Armalite AR-50 ArmaLite ArmaLite AR50 A1 APA Accessories.jpg .50 BMG
.416 Barrett
 United States 1997
Barrett M82 Barrett Firearms Company M82A1 barrett.jpeg .50 BMG
.416 Barrett
 United States 1980
Barrett M90 Barrett Firearms Company .50 BMG  United States 1990
Barrett M95 Barrett Firearms Company Barrett M95SP.jpg .50 BMG  United States 1995
Barrett M98B Barrett Firearms Company Barrett M98B.jpg .338 Lapua Magnum  United States 1997
Barrett M99 Barrett Firearms Company Barrett M99.jpg .50 BMG
.416 Barrett
 United States 1999
Barrett MRAD Barrett Firearms Company MRAD black-barrel-profile.jpg .308 Winchester,
.300 Winchester Magnum,
.338 Lapua Magnum
 United States 2009
Barrett XM109 Barrett Firearms Company Xm109 2.jpg 25×59mm  United States
Blaser R93 Blaser Blaser R93 Luxus.jpg  Germany 1993
Blaser 93 Tactical Blaser Blaser R93 LRS2 .308 Win 4thNovSniperCompetition06.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO
.300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum
6.5×55mm
 Germany 1993
Bor rifle OBR SM Tarnów Rifle Alex.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  Poland 2005
Brügger & Thomet APR308 Brügger & Thomet Brügger & Thomet APR338.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO
.308 Winchester
  Switzerland 2003
C14 Timberwolf .338 Lapua Magnum  Canada 2001
CheyTac Intervention CheyTac LLC CheyTacIntervention.jpg .408 Chey Tac
.375 Chey Tac
 United States 2001
Crazy Horse rifle Smith Enterprise Inc. 7.62×51mm NATO  United States 2003
CZ 700 sniper rifle Česká zbrojovka Uherský Brod 7.62×51mm NATO  Czech Republic
Denel NTW-20 Denel Land Systems Denel-ntw20.jpg 20 mm caliber  South Africa 1995
Desert Tactical Arms Stealth Recon Scout Desert Tactical Arms SRS 338 - Side view.jpg .243 Winchester
7.62×51mm NATO
.300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum
 United States 2008
Dragunov sniper rifle Izhmash SVD Dragunov.jpg 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union 1958
Dragunov SVU KBP Instrument Design Bureau СВУ-АС.jpg 7.62×54mmR  Russia 1994
DSR-Precision GmbH DSR-1 DSR-precision GmbH AMP DSR-1 Koalorka.jpg .308 Winchester
.300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum
 Germany 2000
EDM Arms Windrunner EDM Arms M96rifle.jpg .50 BMG  United States
Falcon (sniper rifle) Zbrojovka Vsetín Inc. 12.7×108mm
.50 BMG
 Czech Republic 1998
FN Ballista Fabrique Nationale d’Herstal FN Ballista.png .300 Winchester Magnum
.308 Winchester
.338 Lapua Magnum
 Belgium
FN FNAR Fabrique Nationale d’Herstal 7.62×51mm NATO  United States 2008
FN Model 30-11 Fabrique Nationale d’Herstal 7.62×51mm NATO  Belgium 1976
FN Special Police Rifle Fabrique Nationale de Herstal FN Special Purpose Rifle.JPG 7.62×51mm NATO
.300 Winchester Short Magnum
 Belgium
FN Tactical Sport Rifle Fabrique Nationale de Herstal 7.62×51mm NATO
.308 Winchester
.300 Winchester Short Magnum
.223 Remington
 Belgium
 United States
2009
FR F1 Manufacture d’armes de Saint-Étienne DCB Shooting FR F1.jpg 7.5×54mm French
7.62×51mm NATO
 France 1966
FR F2 sniper rifle Nexter FRF2 lunette Schrome.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  France 1984
Gewehr 98 Mauser Mauser m98.jpg 7.92×57mm Mauser  Germany 1895
GOL Sniper Magnum Gol-Matic GmbH GOL Sniper Magnum.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO
.300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum
 Germany
H-S Precision Pro Series 2000 HTR
IDF Barak
H-S Precision IDF-Barak-338-rifle-001.jpg 338 Lapua Magnum  United States
 Israel
2000
2008
Harris Gun Works M-96 Harris Gun Works .50 BMG  United States
Haskins Rifle 8.58×71mm
7.62×51mm NATO
.50 BMG
 United States 1981
Heckler & Koch HK417 Heckler & Koch Australian Army Pvt. Levi Mooney, right, bumps fists with a child during a patrol in Tarin Kowt, Uruzgan province, Afghanistan, July 26, 2013 130726-Z-FS372-401.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  Germany 2005
Heckler & Koch PSG1 Heckler & Koch PSG1 and MSG 90.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  West Germany 1970s
Howa M1500 Howa .22-250 Remington
.223 Remington
.204 Ruger
6.5×55mm
.300 Winchester Magnum
.308 Winchester
.30-06 Springfield
.375 Ruger
 Japan
Istiglal Anti-Material Rifle Azerbaijani Defense Industry Istiglal.jpg 12.7×108mm
14.5×114mm
 Azerbaijan 2008
JS 7.62 China South Industries Group 7.62×54mmR  China 2005
Kalekalıp KNT-308 MKEK KNT 308 Scope.jpg 7.62 mm caliber  Turkey 2008
Kefefs Elliniki Viomichania Oplon 7.62×51mm NATO  Greece 1995
KSVK 12.7 Degtyarev plant KSVK1.jpg 12.7×108mm  Russia 1997
L42A1 RSAF Enfield L42A1-Large.png 7.62×51mm NATO  United Kingdom 1970
Lobaev Sniper Rifle Tsar-Cannon Ltd OVL-3-rifle-02.jpg  Russia
Longbow T-76 Dakota Arms .338 Lapua Magnum  United States 1997
M14 rifle M14 rifle - USA - 7,62x51mm - Armémuseum.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  United States 1954
M21 Sniper Weapon System Rock Island Arsenal
Springfield Armory
Rifle M21 2.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  United States 1969
M24 Sniper Weapon System Remington Arms PEO M24 SWS.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO
.300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum
 United States 1988
M25 Sniper Weapon System Springfield Armory M25 rifle 1.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  United States 1980s
M39 Enhanced Marksman Rifle United States Marine Corps USMC-090417-M-4595B-185.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  United States 2008
M40 rifle United States Marine Corps
Remington Arms
U.S. Ordnance
M40 01.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  United States 1966
M89SR sniper rifle Technical Equipment International 7.62×51mm NATO  Israel 1980s
M110 Semi-Automatic Sniper System Knight’s Armament Company PEO M110 SASS Profile.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  United States 2007
Mauser M59 Kongsberg Gruppen Kongsberg M59 rifle.jpg .30-06 Springfield
7.62×51mm NATO
 Norway 1959
Mauser M67 Kongsberg Gruppen 7.62×51mm NATO
6.5×55mm
.22 Long Rifle
 Norway 1967
McMillan Tac-50 McMillan Brothers Rifle Company Tac50.jpg .50 BMG  United States 1980s
MKEK JNG-90 MKEK 7.62×51mm NATO  Turkey 2004
Modular Sniper Rifle Remington Arms Remington MSR.JPG .338 Lapua Magnum
.338 Norma Magnum
300 Winchester Magnum
308 Winchester
7.62×51mm NATO
 United States 2009
MSSR rifle Philippine Marine Corps MSSR rifle camo paint.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Philippines 1996
OSV-96 KBP Instrument Design Bureau ОСВ-96 12,7-мм снайперская винтовка - МАКС-2009 01.jpg 12.7×108mm  Russia 1990s
Otto Repa SOC .308 Winchester
.338 Lapua Magnum
.50 BMG
 Germany
Parker Hale M82 Parker Hale 7.62×51mm NATO  United Kingdom 1960s
Parker Hale M85 Parker Hale Parker Hale M85 prickskyttegevär - Armémuseum.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  United Kingdom
PDSHP STC DELTA PDSHP 12.7mm rifle.jpg 12.7×108mm  Georgia 2012
Pindad SPR Pindad IPAM.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO
.50 BMG
 Indonesia
Pindad SS2-V4 Pindad SS2-V4 ID2008.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Indonesia 2005
PGM 338 PGM Précision Mini Hecate 338.jpg .338 Lapua Magnum  France
PGM Hecate II PGM Précision PGM Hecate.jpg .50 BMG  France 1993
PGM Ultima Ratio PGM Précision Präzisionsgewehr 04.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO
.300 Savage
7mm-08 Remington
.260 Remington
6.5×47mm Lapua
6mm BR
 France
Puşca Semiautomată cu Lunetă Fabrica de Arme Cugir SA Psl sniper rifle.jpeg 7.62×54mmR
7.62×51mm NATO
 Romania 1970s
QBU-88 China North Industries Corporation Rifle Type88.jpg 5.8×42mm DBP87
5.56×45mm NATO
 China 1990s
Remington Semi Automatic Sniper System Remington Arms Company RSASS Sideview.png 7.62×51mm NATO  United States
Remington SR-8 Remington Arms Company .338 Lapua Magnum  United States
Robar RC-50 Robar Companies, Inc Robar RC-50 anti material sniper rifle.JPG .50 BMG  United States
RT-20 (rifle) Gun RT-20.svg 20×110mm  Croatia 1994
S&T Motiv K14 S&T Motiv S&T Motiv K14.JPG 7.62×51mm NATO  South Korea 2011
Sako TRG SAKO Sako TRG-42.jpg .260 Remington
.308 Winchester
.300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum
 Finland 1989
Satevari MSWP STC DELTA Shatevari-1.jpg .300 Winchester Magnum
.300 Norma Magnum
.308 Winchester
.338 Lapua Magnum
.338 GBM
.375 GBM
.50 BMG
 Georgia
Savage 10FP Savage Arms Company Savage 10FPXP-LEA.jpg .223 Remington
.300 Winchester Magnum
.308 Winchester
.338 Lapua Magnum
 United States 1956
Savage 110 BA Savage Arms Company Savage 110 BA.jpg .338 Lapua Magnum
.300 Winchester Magnum
 United States 2009
SC-76 Thunderbolt Steel Core Designs 7.62 mm caliber  United Kingdom
Shaher (sniper rifle) Defense Industries Organization 14.5×114mm  Iran 2012
SIG Sauer SSG 2000 Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft 7.62×51mm NATO
.300 Winchester Magnum
7.5×55mm Swiss
 West Germany
  Switzerland
1989
SIG Sauer SSG 3000 Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft SIG Sauer SSG 3000.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  Germany
  Switzerland
Siyavash sniper rifle  Iran 2013
Sniper Support Rifle Mk 20 Mod 0 FNH USA A coalition Special Operations Forces member fires his sniper rifle from a hilltop during a firefight near Nawa Garay village (120403-N-MY805-202).jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  Belgium 2009
Solothurn S-18/100 Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-189-1250-10, Russland-Süd, Soldat mit Panzerbüchse.jpg 20×105mm B   Switzerland
SR-25 Knight’s Armament Company SR-25 pic02.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  United States 1990
SSG08 Steyr Mannlicher Interpolitex 2011 (405-8).jpg .243 Winchester Super Short Magnum
7.62×51mm NATO
.300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum
 Austria 2008
SSG 82 VEB Fahrzeug- und Jagdwaffenwerk “Ernst Thälmann” Suhl SSG 82 1.jpg 5.45×39mm  East Germany 1982
Steyr Scout Steyr Mannlicher Scout-1-.gif 5.56×45mm NATO
.223 Remington
.243 Winchester
7mm-08 Remington
7.62×51mm NATO
.308 Winchester
.376 Steyr
 Austria 1997
Steyr HS .50 Steyr Mannlicher Steyr HS .50-frontal-scope.jpg .50 BMG
.460 Steyr
 Austria 2004
Steyr SSG 69 Steyr Mannlicher Steyr SSG 69.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO
.243 Winchester
.22-250 Remington
 Austria 1969
Steyr IWS 2000 Steyr Mannlicher Steyr amr 1.jpg 14.5mm
15.2×169mm
 Austria 1980s
SV-98 Izhmash SV-98 Engineering technologies - 2010.jpg 7.62×54mmR and .338
7.62×51mm NATO
 Russia 1998
SVDK Izhmash Снайперская винтовка СВДК - ЦНИИТОЧМАШ 02.jpg 9.3×64mm 7N33  Russia 2006s
T-12 sniper rifle MKEK  Turkey
T93 sniper rifle 205th Armory T93 sniper rifle.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  Republic of China 2003
Tabuk Sniper Rifle Al-Qadissiya Establishments Iraqi police officer with Tabuk sniper rifle.jpg 7.62×39mm  Iraq 1970s
Tango 51 Tactical Operations Incorporated Tango51zoom.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO
.308 Winchester
 United States
TPG-1 Unique Alpine AG .223 Remington
5.56×45mm NATO
.338 Remington Ultra Magnum
 Germany 2000
Type 97 Sniper Rifle Arisaka (rifles) Rifle Type97.JPG 6.5×50mm Arisaka  Japan 1937
Type 99 sniper rifle 7.7×58mm Arisaka  Japan
United States Army Squad Designated Marksman Rifle SquadDesignatedMarksmen.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 2004
United States Navy Mark 12 Mod X Special Purpose Rifle SPRCrane.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 2002
United States Marine Corps Designated Marksman Rifle East Timor soldier with a M14.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  United States 2001
United States Marine Corps Squad Advanced Marksman Rifle USMC M16 SAMR.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 2001
Våpensmia NM149 Våpensmia A/S 7.62×51mm NATO  Norway 1985
Vidhwansak Ordnance Factories Organisation 12.7×108mm
14.5×114mm
20×82mm
 India 2005
VSK-94 KBP Instrument Design Bureau VSK-94.jpg 9×39mm  Russia 1994
VSS Vintorez Tula Arms Plant Vss vintorez 01.jpeg 9×39mm  Soviet Union 1980s
VSSK Vykhlop 12.7-мм снайперская винтовка ВКС - Технологии в машиностроении-2012 01.jpg 12.7×55mm  Russia 2002
Walther WA 2000 Walther Arms Walther WA 2000.JPG 7.62×51mm NATO
.300 Winchester Magnum
7.5×55mm Swiss
 West Germany 1970s
WKW Wilk pl:Zakłady Mechaniczne „Tarnów” WKW Wilk.jpg .50 BMG  Poland 2000
XM2010 Enhanced Sniper Rifle Remington Arms XM2010 November 2010.jpg .300 Winchester Magnum  United States 2010
Yalguzag sniper rifle Azerbaijani Defense Industry Yalquzaq-azeri.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO  Azerbaijan 2011
Zastava M07 Zastava Arms Zastava M07 Sniper rifle.png 7.62×51mmN  Serbia and Montenegro 2006
Zastava M12 Black Spear Zastava Arms Zastava M12 Black Spear.jpg 12.7×108mm
.50 BMG
 Serbia and Montenegro
Zastava M76 Zastava Arms Zastava-M76-Full.jpg 7.92×57mm Mauser  Yugoslavia 1975
Zastava M91 Zastava Arms Sniper Zastava M91.jpg 7.62×54mmR  Serbia and Montenegro 1991
Zastava M93 Black Arrow Zastava Arms Sniper Zastava M93.jpg 12.7×108mm
.50 BMG
 Serbia and Montenegro 199
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Medal of Honor, Vietnam War Robert Howard Medal of Honor: Oral Histories Medal of Honor: Oral Histories

SOG’S FIERCEST WARRIOR: COLONEL ROBERT L. HOWARD

Medal of Honor, Vietnam War Robert Howard
Medal of Honor: Oral Histories
Medal of Honor: Oral Histories

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By Maj. John L. Plaster, USA (Ret)
RECON COMPANY AT COMMAND AND CONTROL CENTRAL
In 1968, Robert L. Howard was a 30-year-old sergeant first class and the most physically fit man on our compound. Broad-chested, solid as a lumberjack and mentally tough, he cut an imposing presence. I was among the lucky few Army Special Forces soldiers to have served with Bob Howard in our 60-man Recon Company at Command and Control Central, a top secret Green Beret unit that ran covert missions behind enemy lines. As an element of the secretive Studies and Observations Group (SOG), we did our best to recon, raid, attack and disrupt the enemy’s Ho Chi Minh Trail network in Laos and Cambodia.
UP THERE WITH AMERICA’S GREATEST HEROES

Robert Howard
Robert Howard

Take all of John Wayne’s films—throw in Clint Eastwood’s, too—and these fictions could not measure up to the real Bob Howard. Officially he was awarded eight Purple Hearts, but he actually was wounded 14 times. Six of the wounds, he decided, weren’t severe enough to be worthy of the award. Keep in mind that for each time he was wounded, there probably were ten times that he was nearly wounded, and you get some idea of his combat service. He was right up there with America’s greatest heroes—Davy Crockett, Alvin York, Audie Murphy, the inspiring example we other Green Berets tried to live up to. “What would Bob Howard do?” many of us asked ourselves when surrounded and outnumbered, just a handful of men to fight off hordes of North Vietnamese.
To call him a legend is no exaggeration. Take the time he was in a chow line at an American base and a Vietnamese terrorist on a motorbike tossed a hand grenade at them. While others leaped for cover, Howard snatched an M-16 from a petrified security guard, dropped to one knee and expertly shot the driver, and then chased the passenger a half-mile and killed him, too.
One night his recon team laid beside an enemy highway in Laos as a convoy rolled past. Running alongside an enemy truck in pitch blackness, he spun an armed claymore mine over his head like a lasso, then threw it among enemy soldiers crammed in the back, detonated it, and ran away to fight another day.
Another time, he was riding in a Huey with Larry White and Robert Clough into Laos, when their pilot unknowingly landed beside two heavily camouflaged enemy helicopters. Fire erupted instantly, riddling their Huey and hitting White three times, knocking him to the ground. Firing back, Howard and Clough jumped out and grabbed White, and their Huey somehow limped back to South Vietnam.
CONSIDER THE RESCUE OF JOE WALKER
“Just knowing Bob Howard was ready to come and get you meant a lot to us,” said recon team leader Lloyd O’Daniels. Consider the rescue of Joe Walker. His recon team and an SOG platoon had been overrun near a major Laotian highway and, seriously wounded, Walker was hiding with a Montagnard soldier, unable to move. Howard inserted a good distance away with a dozen men and, because there were so many enemy present, waited for darkness to sneak into the area. Howard felt among bodies for heartbeats, and checked one figure’s lanky legs, then felt for Joe’s signature horn-rimmed glasses. “You sweet Son of a Gun,” Walker whispered, and Howard took him to safety.
What’s all the more remarkable is that not one of these incidents resulted in any award. Howard was just doing what had to be done, he thought.
“HOPELESS” WAS NOT IN HIS VOCABULARY
Unique in American military history, this Opelika, Alabama native was recommended for the Medal of Honor three times in 13 months for separate combat actions, witnessed by fellow Green Berets. The first came in November 1967. While a larger SOG element destroyed an enemy cache, Howard screened forward and confronted a large enemy force. He killed four enemy soldiers and took out an NVA sniper. Then, “pinned down…with a blazing machine gun only six inches above his head,” he shot and killed an entire NVA gun crew at point-blank range, and then destroyed another machine gun position with a grenade. He so demoralized the enemy force that they withdrew. This Medal of Honor recommendation was downgraded to a Silver Star.
The next incident came a year later. Again accompanying a larger SOG force, he performed magnificently, single-handedly knocking out a PT-76 tank. A day later he wiped out an anti-aircraft gun crew, and afterward rescued the crew of a downed Huey. Repeatedly wounded, he was bleeding from his arms, legs, back and face, but he refused to be evacuated. Again submitted for the Medal of Honor, his recommendation was downgraded, this time to the Distinguished Service Cross.
Just six weeks later, Howard volunteered to accompany a platoon going into Laos in search of a missing recon man, Robert Scherdin. Ambushed by a large enemy force, Howard was badly wounded, his M-16 blown to bits—yet he crawled to the aid of a wounded lieutenant, fought off NVA soldiers with a grenade, then a .45 pistol, and managed to drag the officer away. Having been burned and slashed by shrapnel, we thought we’d never see him again. But he went AWOL from the hospital and came back in pajamas to learn he’d been again submitted for the Medal of Honor. This time it went forward to Washington, with assurances that it would be approved.
Howard did not know the word, “hopeless.” Many years later he explained his mindset during the Medal of Honor operation: “I had one choice: to lay and wait, or keep fighting for my men. If I waited, I gambled that things would get better while I did nothing. If I kept fighting, no matter how painful, I could stack the odds that recovery for my men and a safe exodus were achievable.”
Although eventually sent home, he came back yet again, to spend with us the final months before his Medal of Honor ceremony. By then he had served more than 5 years in Vietnam. Why so much time in Vietnam? “I guess it’s because I want to help in any way I can,” Howard explained. “I may as well be here where I can use my training; and besides, I have to do it – it’s the way I feel about my job.”
THE WARRIOR TRADITION
The warrior ethic came naturally to Bob Howard. His father and four uncles had all been paratroopers in World War Two. Of them, two died in combat and the other three succumbed to wounds after the war. To support his mother and maternal grandparents, he and his sister picked cotton. He also learned old-fashioned Southern civility, removing his hat for any lady and answering, “Yes, ma’am.”
He also possessed a deep sense of honor and justice, and lived by his unspoken warrior’s code, with the priorities mission, men, and his own interests coming last. He absolutely fit the bill as a leader you’d follow through hell’s gates – IF you could keep up with him. A hard-charging physical fitness advocate, he even had our Montagnard tribesmen running and doing calisthenics.
After draping the Medal of Honor around Howard’s neck, President Nixon asked him what he wanted to do the rest of that memorable day – lunch with the president, a tour of the White House, almost anything. Howard asked simply to be taken to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier to share his thoughts with others who had gone before him. Tragically, the U.S. media, reflecting the anti-war sentiments of that period, said not one word about Howard or his valiant deeds, although by the time he received the Medal of Honor he was America’s most highly decorated serviceman.
5x7 howardHIS FRAME OF REFERENCE WAS SOG—HARD COMBAT
Despite the lack of recognition, Howard went on serving to the best of his ability. He was the training officer at the Army’s Airborne School, then he was a company commander in the 2nd Ranger Battalion at Ft. Lewis, Washington. He continued to excel at everything he did, making Distinguished Honor Graduate in his Officer Advance Course class.
As the officer-in-charge of Special Forces training at Camp Mackall, near Ft. Bragg, N.C., and later, commanding the Mountain Ranger Training Camp at Dahlonega, Georgia, he did his utmost to inspire young students. Howard’s frame of reference was SOG—hard combat, the toughest kind against terrible odds with impossible missions. He knew good men would die or fail in combat without martial skills, tactical knowledge and physical conditioning. He was famous for leading runs and long-distance rucksack marches— stronger than men half his age, usually he outran entire classes of students. A whole generation of Army Special Forces and Rangers earned their qualifications under his shining example, with some graduates among the senior leaders of today’s Special Forces and Ranger units.
His highest assignment was commander of Special Forces Detachment, Korea. He might have gone higher but he dared to publicly suggest that American POWs had been left in enemy hands, and was willing to testify to that before Congress in 1986. After he retired as a full colonel, he went through multiple surgeries to try to correct the many injuries he’d suffered over the years.
But he could not stop helping GIs. He spent another 20 years with the Department of Veterans Affairs, helping disabled vets. He had a reputation for rankling his superiors as an unapologetic advocate of veterans.
THIS HUMBLE KNIGHT BELONGS TO HISTORY
His spirit never waned. In 2004 I sat with Green Berets of the 1st Special Forces Group at Ft. Lewis, Wash., who laughed and cheered when he joked about still being tough enough to take on any two men in the audience—not one raised his hand. After retiring from the VA, Col. Howard often visited with American servicemen to speak about his combat experiences, making five trips to Iraq and Afghanistan. In the fall of 2009, he visited troops in Germany, Bosnia and Kosovo.
Despite increasing pain and sickness, on Veterans Day 2009 he kept his word to attend a memorial ceremony, but finally he had to seek help. He was diagnosed with terminal pancreatic cancer and given a few weeks to live.
In those final days old Special Forces and Ranger friends slipped past “No Visitors” signs to see him. When SOG vets Ben Lyons and Martin Bennett and a civilian friend, Chuck Hendricks, visited him, Howard climbed from his bed to model the uniform jacket he would be buried in, festooned with the Medal of Honor and rows upon rows of ribbons. A proud Master Parachutist and military skydiver, he showed them the polished jump boots he’d been working on, and asked Bennett to touch up the spit shine. Though his feet might not be visible in his coffin, he wanted that shine just right.
As they left, Col. Howard thanked Bennett, and then saluted him and held his hand crisply to his eyebrow until Bennett returned it. Bob Howard passed away two days before Christmas.
This great hero, a humble knight who was a paragon for all, belongs to history now. He is survived by his daughters Denicia, Melissa and Rosslyn; an Airborne-Ranger son, Robert Jr., and four grandchildren.

@SOLDIER OF FORTUNE MAGAZINE COPYRIGHT    Use only with permissions and credits

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6 years ago We lost a good man! All I can say is that the Army could use a lot more of men like him in the officers Corp!

General H Norman Schwarzkopf passes on…

General Schwarzkopf was the General that was responsible for the success of Desert Storm, We in the storm called him “our General”,  From everything that I read, he and the other officers that were the product of Vietnam war, vowed not to repeat the mistakes that hamstrung the American war effort.  I remember several of them, He would not do the incremental increase that marked the Vietnam effort.  Schwarzkopf wanted to have overpowering force to apply on the Iraqi’s.  He wanted an entire armored corp in theater when the Shield became Storm.  That is why VII corp was brought in from Europe, and that is how my unit found itself still in BDU’s in a desert war.  We in VII corp were very recognizable from the stateside units, they were the desert chocoships and our stuff was Forest green.  Another belief was the what we called ” the duration effect”   We were told that there would be no rotation of units, we would be there for the duration.  There would be no individual soldier rotating out also.  You would go to war with your buddy, no FNG’s like Vietnam.  There were no ROE restrictions, no Navy/Air force segregated kill box.  All the assets were available to the commander for the sole purpose of completing the mission.  General Schwarzkopf was responsible for our pride as a military and finally throwing the “Vietnam effect” on our national policy.     May the vikings raise their meade glasses as another warrior arrives in Vahalla.

WASHINGTON (AP) — Retired Gen. H. Norman Schwarzkopf, who topped an illustrious military career by commanding the U.S.-led international coalition that drove Saddam Hussein‘s forces out of Kuwait in 1991 but kept a low public profile in controversies over the second Gulf War against Iraq, died Thursday. He was 78.

Schwarzkopf died in Tampa, Fla., where he had lived in retirement, according to a U.S. official, who was not authorized to release the information publicly and spoke on condition of anonymity.
A much-decorated combat soldier in Vietnam, Schwarzkopf was known popularly as “Stormin’ Norman” for a notoriously explosive temper.
He served in his last military assignment in Tampa as commander-in-chief of U.S. Central Command, the headquarters responsible for U.S. military and security concerns in nearly 20 countries from the eastern Mediterranean and Africa to Pakistan.
Schwarzkopf became “CINC-Centcom” in 1988 and when Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait three years later to punish it for allegedly stealing Iraqi oil reserves, he commanded Operation Desert Storm, the coalition of some 30 countries organized by then-President George H.W. Bush that succeeded in driving the Iraqis out.
At the peak of his postwar national celebrity, Schwarzkopf — a self-proclaimed political independent — rejected suggestions that he run for office, and remained far more private than other generals, although he did serve briefly as a military commentator for NBC.
While focused primarily in his later years on charitable enterprises, he campaigned for President George W. Bush in 2000 but was ambivalent about the 2003 invasion of Iraq, saying he doubted victory would be as easy as the White House and Pentagon predicted. In early 2003 he told the Washington Post the outcome was an unknown:
“What is postwar Iraq going to look like, with the Kurds and the Sunnis and the Shiites? That’s a huge question, to my mind. It really should be part of the overall campaign plan,” he said.
Initially Schwarzkopf had endorsed the invasion, saying he was convinced that former Secretary of State Colin Powell had given the United Nations powerful evidence of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction. After that proved false, he said decisions to go to war should depend on what U.N. weapons inspectors found.
He seldom spoke up during the conflict, but in late 2004, he sharply criticized then-Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and the Pentagon for mistakes that included inadequate training for Army reservists sent to Iraq and for erroneous judgments about Iraq.
“In the final analysis I think we are behind schedule. … I don’t think we counted on it turning into jihad (holy war),” he said in an NBC interview.
Schwarzkopf was born Aug. 24, 1934, in Trenton, N.J., where his father, Col. H. Norman Schwarzkopf Jr., founder and commander of the New Jersey State Police, was then leading the investigation of the Lindbergh kidnap case, which ended with the arrest and 1936 execution of German-born carpenter Richard Hauptmann for stealing and murdering the famed aviator’s infant son.
The elder Schwarzkopf was named Herbert, but when the son was asked what his “H” stood for, he would reply, “H.” Although reputed to be short-tempered with aides and subordinates, he was a friendly, talkative and even jovial figure who didn’t like “Stormin’ Norman” and preferred to be known as “the Bear,” a sobriquet given him by troops.
He also was outspoken at times, including when he described Gen. William Westmoreland, the U.S. commander in Vietnam, as “a horse’s ass” in an Associated Press interview.
As a teenager Norman accompanied his father to Iran, where the elder Schwarzkopf trained the country’s national police force and was an adviser to Reza Pahlavi, the young Shah of Iran.
Young Norman studied there and in Switzerland, Germany and Italy, then followed in his father’s footsteps to West Point, graduating in 1956 with an engineering degree. After stints in the U.S. and abroad, he earned a master’s degree in engineering at the University of Southern California and later taught missile engineering at West Point.
In 1966 he volunteered for Vietnam and served two tours, first as a U.S. adviser to South Vietnamese paratroops and later as a battalion commander in the U.S. Army’s Americal Division. He earned three Silver Stars for valor — including one for saving troops from a minefield — plus a Bronze Star, a Purple Heart and three Distinguished Service Medals.

While many career officers left military service embittered by Vietnam, Schwarzkopf was among those who opted to stay and help rebuild the tattered Army into a potent, modernized all-volunteer force.
After Saddam invaded Kuwait in August 1990, Schwarzkopf played a key diplomatic role by helping to persuade Saudi Arabia’s King Fahd to allow U.S. and other foreign troops to deploy on Saudi territory as a staging area for the war to come.
On Jan. 17, 1991, a five-month buildup called Desert Shield became Operation Desert Storm as allied aircraft attacked Iraqi bases and Baghdad government facilities. The six-week aerial campaign climaxed with a massive ground offensive on Feb. 24-28, routing the Iraqis from Kuwait in 100 hours before U.S. officials called a halt.
Schwarzkopf said afterward he agreed with Bush’s decision to stop the war rather than drive to Baghdad to capture Saddam, as his mission had been only to oust the Iraqis from Kuwait.
But in a desert tent meeting with vanquished Iraqi generals, he allowed a key concession on Iraq’s use of helicopters, which later backfired by enabling Saddam to crack down more easily on rebellious Shiites and Kurds.
While he later avoided the public second-guessing by academics and think tank experts over the ambiguous outcome of Gulf War I and its impact on Gulf War II, he told the Washington Post in 2003, “You can’t help but… with 20/20 hindsight, go back and say, ‘Look, had we done something different, we probably wouldn’t be facing what we are facing today.'”
After retiring from the Army in 1992, Schwarzkopf wrote a best-selling autobiography, “It Doesn’t Take A Hero.” Of his Gulf war role, he said, “I like to say I’m not a hero. I was lucky enough to lead a very successful war.” He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II and honored with decorations from France, Britain, Belgium, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Bahrain.
Schwarzkopf was a national spokesman for prostate cancer awareness and for Recovery of the Grizzly Bear, served on the Nature Conservancy board of governors and was active in various charities for chronically ill children.
“I may have made my reputation as a general in the Army and I’m very proud of that,” he once told the AP. “But I’ve always felt that I was more than one-dimensional. I’d like to think I’m a caring human being. … It’s nice to feel that you have a purpose.”
Schwarzkopf and his wife, Brenda, had three children: Cynthia, Jessica and Christian.
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Just One Mission! (I like him)

Maynard Harrison SmithFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maynard Harrison Smith
Maynard-H-Smith.png

Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson awarding the Medal of Honor to S/Sgt. Smith
Nickname(s) Snuffy Smith
Born May 19, 1911
Caro, Michigan
Died May 11, 1984 (aged 72)
Saint Petersburg, Pinellas County, Florida, USA
Place of burial
Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington County, Virginia, USA
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch US Army Air Corps Hap Arnold Wings.svg United States Army Air Forces
Years of service 1942–1945
Rank Army-USA-OR-06.svg Staff Sergeant
Unit 423d Bombardment Squadron
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Medal of Honor ribbon.svg Medal of Honor
Air Medal ribbon.svg Air Medal (2)

Maynard Harrison “Snuffy” Smith (May 19, 1911 – May 11, 1984) was a United States Army Air Forces Staff Sergeant and aerial gunner aboard a B-17 Flying Fortress bomber in World War II, received the Medal of Honor for his conduct during a bombing mission over France on May 1, 1943.[1][2]

Enlistment[edit]

Maynard H. Smith enlisted in the US Army Air Forces in 1942. After completing basic training he volunteered for aerial gunnery school. At the time all aerial gunners were non-commissioned officers and the move to the school was a quick way for the private to gain rank and pay.[2][3]
After completing the aerial gunnery school, he was shipped overseas to ThurleighBedfordshire, in south-central England, where he joined the 423rd Bombardment Squadron, 306th Bomb GroupStaff Sergeant Smith quickly gained a reputation as a stubborn and obnoxious airman who did not get along well with the other airmen stationed there, hence his nickname “Snuffy Smith”, possibly from the popular comic strip of the era, Barney Google and Snuffy Smith. Consequently, it was six weeks before he was assigned his first combat mission.[2][3]

Medal of Honor action[edit]

It was during his first mission, on May 1, 1943 that Staff Sergeant Smith, who was assigned to the ball gun turret, helped save the lives of six of his wounded comrades, put out a blazing fire, and drove off wave after wave of German fighters.
The target of the mission was the U-Boat pens at Saint-Nazaire in Loire-Atlantique, France, on the Bay of Biscay. Saint Nazaire was heavily defended by antiaircraft guns and was nicknamed “flak city” by the airmen.[4]

Staff Sergeant Maynard Smith of the 306th Bombardment Group, is presented with the Medal of Honor by Secretary of War Henry L Stimson in front of a B-17 Flying Fortress at Thurleigh Airfield, USAAF Station 111, England.

Several of the bombers failed to rendezvous as intended, and others had mechanical problems and had to turn back. The middle portion of the bombing mission went well, with no German fighters engaging the mission until after they had released their bomb loads. The bombers managed to drop their payload on target with little resistance from the Germans in occupied France. As the fighters came up, the bombing group managed to elude them by flying into a large cloud bank.[4]
Due to a navigational error, after being in the cloud bank, the navigator in the lead plane believed he was approaching the southern coast of Britain. In fact, the aircraft were approaching the heavily fortified German-occupied city of Brest, France and the southern coast of the Breton Peninsula. The pilot began to descend to 2,000 feet and was almost immediately overtaken by several German fighters and intense anti-aircraft fire.[5]
Staff Sergeant Smith’s bomber was hit, rupturing the fuel tanks and igniting a massive fire in the center of the fuselage. The damage to the aircraft was severe, knocking out communications and compromising the fuselage’s integrity. Smith’s ball turret lost power and he scrambled out to assist the other crew members. Three crew members bailed out, while Smith tended to two others who were seriously wounded.

Smith manning a machine gun

In between helping his wounded comrades, Smith also manned the .50 caliber machine guns and fought the raging fire. The heat from the fire was so intense that it had begun to melt the metal in the fuselage, threatening to break the plane in half.
For nearly 90 minutes, Smith alternated between shooting at the attacking fighters, tending to his wounded crew members and fighting the fire. To starve the fire of fuel, he threw burning debris and exploding ammunition through the large holes that the fire had melted in the fuselage. After the fire extinguishers were exhausted, Smith finally managed to put the fire out, in part by urinating on it.
Staff Sergeant Smith’s bomber reached England and landed at the first available airfield, where it broke in half as it touched down. Smith’s bomber had been hit with more than 3,500 bullets and pieces of shrapnel.
The three crew members who bailed out were never recovered and presumed lost at sea, but Smith’s efforts on that day undoubtedly saved the lives of six others aboard his aircraft.[3]
Journalist Andy Rooney, at the time a reporter for Stars and Stripes, was at the base where Smith’s plane landed and wrote a front-page story about it. While reflecting on Smith’s award years later on 60 Minutes, Rooney indicated “I was proud of my part in that.”[6]
Smith was assigned to KP duty the week that he was awarded the Medal of Honor as punishment for arriving late to a briefing. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson placed the medal around Smith’s neck during a formation.

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From the Daily Time waster – He deserved a better War!

There is a long-standing adage in combat arms branches that says “you haven’t had a full career until you’ve gotten an Article 15.”

Well, this Vietnam War veteran had his share non-judicial punishments (authorized by Article 15 of UCMJ), racked up 115 confirmed kills and was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. He was also one of the most decorated soldier in American international combat, even eclipsing both Alvin York and Audie Murphy.
Born in the summer of 1938 in South Carolina, Joe Ronnie Hooper was relocated as a child to Moses Lake, Washington.
Originally a Navy man, Hooper first enlisted in December of 1956. He worked in naval aviation, eventually reaching the rank of Petty Officer 3rd class, the equivalent of an Army or Marine corporal (E-4). He was honorably discharged in 1959.
The next year, Hooper enlisted in the US Army as a Private First Class. After graduating Basic Training, he volunteered for Airborne School. From there he did tours of duty in Fort Bragg, Korea and Fort Hood, eventually making his way to Fort Campbell’s 101st Airborne Division.
Now a Staff Sergeant, Hooper requested a tour in Vietnam but was sent to Panama instead as a platoon sergeant. Unable to stay out of trouble while he was there, he was the subject of several Article 15 hearings and was eventually demoted to Corporal.
However, he eventually got his Sergeant back and deployed with the 101st to Vietnam in December of 1967, taking on the role of a squad leader.
On February 21st, 1968, Hooper and his company were beginning an assault on an enemy position when they came under fire by everything from machine guns to rockets.
According to his Medal of Honor citation, Hooper’s unit “was assaulting a heavily defended enemy position along a river bank when it encountered a withering hail of fire from rockets, machine guns and automatic weapons.
Staff Sergeant Hooper rallied several men and stormed across the river, overrunning several bunkers on the opposite shore.
Thus inspired, the rest of the company moved to the attack. With utter disregard for his own safety, he moved out under the intense fire again and pulled back the wounded, moving them to safety.
During this act Hooper was seriously wounded, but he refused medical aid and returned to his men. With the relentless enemy fire disrupting the attack, he single-handedly stormed 3 enemy bunkers, destroying them with hand grenade and rifle fire, and shot 2 enemy soldiers who had attacked and wounded the Chaplain.
Leading his men forward in a sweep of the area, Hooper destroyed three buildings housing enemy riflemen. At this point he was attacked by a North Vietnamese officer whom he fatally wounded with his bayonet.
Finding his men under heavy fire from a house to the front, he proceeded alone to the building, killing its occupants with rifle fire and grenades. By now his initial body wound had been compounded by grenade fragments, yet despite the multiple wounds and loss of blood, he continued to lead his men against the intense enemy fire.
As his squad reached the final line of enemy resistance, it received devastating fire from four bunkers in line on its left flank. Hooper gathered several hand grenades and raced down a small trench which ran the length of the bunker line, tossing grenades into each bunker as he passed by, killing all but two of the occupants.
With these positions destroyed, he concentrated on the last bunkers facing his men, destroying the first with an incendiary grenade and neutralizing two more by rifle fire. He then raced across an open field, still under enemy fire, to rescue a wounded man who was trapped in a trench.
Upon reaching the man, he was faced by an armed enemy soldier whom he killed with a pistol. Moving his comrade to safety and returning to his men, he neutralized the final pocket of enemy resistance by fatally wounding three North Vietnamese officers with rifle fire.
Hooper then established a final line and reorganized his men, not accepting (medical) treatment until this was accomplished and not consenting to evacuation until the following morning.”
While he was discharged from the Infantry upon his return from Vietnam in 1968, he managed to re-enlist and serve as a Public Affairs specialist until President Richard Nixon awarded him the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1969.
Hooper eventually managed to finagle his way back into the Infantry, serving a second tour in Vietnam as a pathfinder with the 101st Airborne.
By 1970, he had been commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant, though he was discharged from an active commission shortly after due to inadequate educational requirements.
Discharged and a little sour about it, Hooper managed to retain his commission in the Army Reserve’s 12th Special Forces Group before being transferred to a training unit.
Though he was eventually promoted to Captain, he was discharged a final time in 1978 after a spotty drill record.
Much like the war he fought in, Hooper is not as well known as other Medal of Honor recipients of his stature. According to accounts, he was a likeable guy who partied hard, drank a lot and related to veterans.
However, he was allegedly rather troubled by America’s treatment of soldiers and attitudes towards the war in general.
He was found dead in a hotel room in Kentucky on May 5, 1979, having suffered a cerebral hemorrhage in his sleep. He was 40 years old.
In addition to the Medal of Honor, Hooper was also awarded two Silver Stars, 6 Bronze Stars with “V” Devices, an Air Medal, the Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm and 8 Purple Hearts.
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Why it is a good thing to owe somebody money in the Army!

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The British Army at War Picture Dump

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Damn Right, Thanks Guys!