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Gear & Stuff

I want one! Bushnells new spotting Scope

Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting Scope

Long range shooting is a discipline that requires quality gear. Typically the equipment needed for long range shooting is expensive. Now and then a company will offer a piece of kit that is well made and moderately priced. One such product that I have tested extensively over the course of this year is the Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting Scope.
The Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting is a First Focal Plane, tactical style spotting scope that has a mil-hash reticle. According to Bushnell, the spotting scope is waterproof and fog proof. The glass found on the spotting scope is Bushnell’s, ED Prime Extra-Low Dispersion fluorite glass, which eliminates chromatic aberration and allows for a clear and bright image. The ED Prime Glass is coated with Bushnell’s water-repellant Rainguard HD. The Rainguard HD coating mitigates moisture from beading up on the glass and destroying the user’s sight picture. The actual prisms in the Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting scope are also coated to enhance resolution and contrast. Interesting to note is that that the ED Prime Glass and coatings found on the Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting scope are also found on the high-end Bushnell Elite Tactical LMSS spotting scope. The Bushnell Elite Tactical LMSS is currently in use by the United States Military.
One neat feature of the Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting Scope is that it has MIL-STD-1913/Picatinny rails at the 3, 6 and 9 o’clock positions. These rails are perfect for mounting lights, lasers, red dots and rangefinders. The first enhancement I made to the Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting Scope was to add a red dot sight to the top rail. The addition of a red dot allows an end user to find and get on target very quickly, especially when the spotting scope is set to high magnification.

SPECS

Mechanical Testing

Before heavy field use, I checked to make sure that the subtensions on the Mil-hash reticle were calibrated correctly. To do this, I set up an RE Factor Tactical Hitman Target, moved 100 meters back, and made sure that 1 Mil corresponded to 10 centimeters. Proper calibration is important when observing hits and calling out second shot corrections. Bushnell did an excellent job assembling my spotting scope, and I was pleased to see that the reticle was indeed calibrated correctly.

Field Testing

Field testing took place over the course of several months. The Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting Scope was a constant companion during my numerous trips to the ranch. The spotting scope also accompanied me to Accuracy 1st in Clarendon Texas, where I took the Advanced class, as well as a recent vacation to Yellowstone National Park.
During the Accuracy 1st course, I set up the Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting Scope on the line for my fellow students to use. They complimented the Bushnell on its clarity and found it on par with the Leupold Mark 4, and the Bushnell Elite Tactical LMSS, which were also available for students. I did a side by side comparison of the Bushnell Elite Tactical LMSS and the Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting Scope. The clarity was the same, but the Bushnell Elite Tactical LMSS appeared to be better made. This was not a surprise being that the Bushnell Elite Tactical LMSS was built for military applications.
The Bushnell recently accompanied me to Yellowstone National Park and Grand Teton National Park. Even though the Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting Scope has a reticle, it did not take away from the experience of viewing wildlife. What was neat, was that I could focus on a distant animal, then communicate to my party where the animal was in the scope based on its position in relation to the reticle. I let scores of tourists look through the scope, and there was not a single complaint about the reticle.

Since Yellowstone is teeming with wildlife, there were several scenarios where there were Bison, Antelope, Bighorn sheep and a rambunctious red fox, all in the same general area. The red dot atop the Bushnell spotting scope allowed me to transition from one set of animals to another quickly. The red dot was especially handy when fellow tourists walked up and asked what kind of wildlife we were looking at, and more importantly where they were located.
One excellent accessory that pairs well with the Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting Scope is the PhoneSkope. The PhoneSkope allows one to attach their cellphone to a spotting scope to record video, take pictures or simply use their cell phone screen for comfort. The PhoneSkope is ideal for hunters that have vision problems, or for groups of people who are clamoring around a spotting scope.

Lasting Impressions

The Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical Spotting Scope is a fantastic piece of kit. These scopes are available for around $450, which I think is a fair price. The glass was on par with more expensive models, and the MIL-STD-1913/Picatinny rails allow for the attachment of accessories. Attach a red dot optic, use a good solid tripod, take care of your lenses, and you should be good to go.
For more information about the Bushnell Legend T-Series Tactical spotting scope, click here.
For more information about PhoneSkope, click here.
To purchase a Bushnell Legend T Series Tactical spotting scope on GunsAmerica, click here.

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Gear & Stuff

Some Good books about Guns!

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Over the years that I have been allowed to be on this 3rd Rock from the Sun. I have found a few books about Firearms that are actually useful.

(Yeah I know there a lot of so called “Experts” out there that are in urgent need of a bowel movement. These books do not fit in that category)
If you can find them.
The Boy Scouts Rifle & Shotgun Shooting 1967 Merit Badge Series
 (This pamphlet has a lot of good solid Info. You can possibly find one on E BAY)
The Boy Scouts also have a good pdf out there that is worth looking at.
Here is the address to look at it
http://www.scouting.org/filestore/Outdoor%20Program/pdf/30931_WB.pdf
There is also this
The M-1 does My Talking By Robert Bruce
 It does a very good look at the Mighty Garand. Plus its does not cost a fortune either. It is readily available too at Midway USA or Amazon.
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Know your Broomhandle Mausers by RJ Berger
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And
Know your 45 Auto Pistols by E J Hoffschmidt
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Both are solid works and in easily to understand terms
The Hunting Rifle by Jack O’Connor (Its just 1st rate)
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The Man could really write well and clearly!
Mister Rifleman By Col. Townsend Whelen & Bradford Angier
 Now I have owned this book since Xmas of 1969, When my Wonderful Uncle Max and Aunt Doris gave me this copy. I have found it a wealth of really useful information & is one of my all time favorite books.
  I cannot recommend this book high enough! Especially for those out there who are interested in the 1903 Springfield and the Old Krag- Jorgenson Rifle.  The man really lived a full and interesting life. That and he could write oh so well.
  Now finding a copy will be hard and expensive. But it will be well worth the efforts and cost in my humble opinion.
Cartridges of the World Frank C. Barnes
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Now this is a reference Book. But is just packed with some of the best information about the complex universe of Ammunition. It is also very easy to get a copy and does not cost a fortune either.
  All I know is that I learned a lot from it. But then I have always been a dim light.
Now I have been told by Friends that I trust. Who do reload. (I do not because I do not trust myself enough) That is a a very useful book
Hornady Handbook of Cartridge Reloading
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Categories
Gear & Stuff

A Good Rant from Kim!

Pack Sizes

As manufacturers of consumer products juggle the balls of sales, cost and price, they come up with all sorts of schemes to “fool” customers — the snack bar people like Cadbury or Hershey are experts at this, decreasing the product’s size without raising the price thereof, so that people think that they’re still paying the same for that chocolate bar, and they are, except that they’re in essence paying more per ounce. It’s an old game, and one that I’m fully familiar with (and one that everybody should be fully familiar with, by the way). And as long as it happens with non-essentials like snack bars, I’m indifferent.
Unfortunately, now we seem to be facing this nonsense in our most basic of commodities, .22 ammo. Here’s an example, in an online flyer I received in the old Inbox just yesterday:

We’re all used to the venerable 500-round “brick” (as seen in the Remington Thunderbolts), of course, which is basically just a combo pack of the normal 50- or 100-round boxes. But we also see CCI’s little sneaker: the 300-round box which keeps it well below the $25 price point and Federal’s 275-round box which keeps the purchase below the $20 price point; but on a per-round basis, the ammo is horribly expensive. For those who don’t want to do the arithmetic:
Thunderbolt — 6 cents per round
CCI — 6.25 cents per round
Federal — 5.8 cents per round
Likewise, at the bulk end of the scale, we find products like this:

…which equates to 7.9 cents per round. Note that the quantity is 1,575 rounds and not the “three-brick” 1,500 rounds, making brick-by-brick price comparisons impossible without a calculator.
Indeed, all this pack-size differential seems to be designed on just that basis: to confuse the consumer. Certainly, it’s not to overcome pack design constraints or anything like that. So here’s my call to the ammo manufacturers:

Quit fucking us around with this nonsense. Sell your ammo in quantities of 50, 100 and 500, just like you always did, and quit trying to hide the fact that your company’s .22 ammo has become too fucking expensive to support a plinking habit.

I note, incidentally, that Lucky Gunner helps its customers by ranking their .22 ammo on a cost-per-round basis, which makes me smile because you can get to the heart of the matter easily when faced with a choice like this:

…just in case you didn’t notice that the “lower price” on the Browning applies to 400 rounds and not, like Aguila’s, to 500 rounds.
By the way: I love what Lucky Gunner is doing, but they are not always the cheapest, e.g. on the aforementioned Remington Thunderbolt 500-round brick, where the flyer’s price is $29.99, and LG’s is $38.75. But to be fair, the flyer’s price is a “closeout” deal (like they’re going to ever quit selling Thunderbolts — it’s probably a one-off loss leader ad item, more likely) whereas LG’s price is an everyday price.
Also, caveat emptor: a lot of times, the “great deal” you get on ammo isn’t, once you factor in the S&H costs — which differ widely between suppliers.
I’ll be talking a little more about the .22 LR thing in a later post. And just for the record: unless I’m buying target .22 LR, I refuse to pay more than 8 cents per round for the stuff. Even that price sticks in my craw, but I reluctantly accept the fact of supply and demand, and inflation, albeit with snarling hostility. My go-to CCI Mini-Max 40-grain ammo used to cost $5.99 per hundred — I have ummm several boxes with the price tag on them, dated 2006 — and now it costs $7.99. It’s like the ammo manufacturers don’t want us to shoot anymore.


(Note that in all the above, I’ve used 40-grain bullets as the common factor, and ignored any perceived quality differences in the brands. Frankly, .22 LR ammo is plinking feed, and unless you get a dud rate of more than 0.5%, they’re all pretty much of a muchness. Target/match .22 ammo is another story, and I’m not talking about that here.)

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All About Guns Gear & Stuff Other Stuff

Some stuff about Rubber Bullets

RUBBER BULLETS & CROWD CONTROL

Or as some folks call them your Personal Wake Up Call!Related image
Now I am a strong supporter of the Right to Protest and to seek redress from the Powers that Be.
Image result for The US Bill of Rights
But when they break out these nasties. I am out of there! As they can really change your life & Not for the better!
Here is some more information about this nasty puppies!Image result for Rubber bullets
Image result for Rubber bullets
Image result for Rubber bullets
 
Image result for Rubber bullets
Image result for Rubber bullets
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Rubber bullet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

37 mm British Army rubber bullet, as used in Northern Ireland

Rubber bullets (also called rubber baton rounds) are rubber or rubber-coated projectiles that can be fired from either standard firearms or dedicated riot guns. They are intended to be a non-lethal alternative to metal projectiles. Like other similar projectiles made from plasticwax, and wood, rubber bullets may be used for short range practice and animal control, but are most commonly associated with use in riot control and to disperse protests.[1][2][3] These types of projectiles are sometimes called baton rounds.[4] Rubber projectiles have largely been replaced by other materials as rubber tends to bounce uncontrollably.[5]
Such “kinetic impact munitions” are meant to cause pain but not serious injury. They are expected to produce contusions, abrasions, and hematomas.[6]However, they may cause bone fractures, injuries to internal organs, or death. In a study of injuries in 90 patients injured by rubber bullets, 2 died, 18 suffered permanent disabilities or deformities and 44 required hospital treatment after being fired upon with rubber bullets.[7]
Rubber bullets were invented by the British Ministry of Defence for use against rioters in Northern Ireland during The Troubles,[8] and were first used there in 1970.[9]

Riot control use[edit]

Two rounds of Fiocchi 12 gauge rubber buckshot

The rubber riot control bullet is part of a long line of development of non-lethal riot control cartridges that dates back to the use of short sections of broom handle fired at rioters in Singapore in the 1880s.[1] The Hong Kong police developed wooden baton rounds, but they were liable to splinter and cause wounds.
The British developed rubber rounds—the “Round, Anti-Riot, 1.5in Baton”—in 1970 for use against rioters in Northern Ireland.[10][11] A low power propelling charge gave them a muzzle velocity of about 60 m/s (200 ft/s) and maximum range of about 100 m (110 yd). The intended use is to fire at the ground so that the round bounces up and hits the target on the legs, causing pain but not injury.[12] From 1970 to 1975, about 55,000 rubber bullets were fired by the British Army in Northern Ireland.[9] Often they were fired directly at people from close range, which resulted in three people being killed and many more badly injured.[9]In 1975, they were replaced by plastic bullets. In Northern Ireland over 35 years (1970–2005), about 125,000 rubber and plastic bullets were fired—an average of ten per day—causing 17 deaths.[13]
The baton round was made available to British police forces outside Northern Ireland from 2001. In 2013 however, Ministry of Defence papers declassified from 1977 revealed it was aware rubber bullets were more dangerous than was publicly disclosed. The documents contained legal advice for the MoD to seek a settlement over a child who had been blinded in 1972, rather than go to court which would expose problems with the bullets and make it harder to fight future related cases. The papers stated that further tests would reveal serious problems with the bullets, including that they were tested “in a shorter time than was ideal”, that they “could be lethal” and that they “could and did cause serious injuries”.[14]
Israeli rubber bullets are produced in two main types. The older type, the standard rubber bullet, is a steel sphere coated in a thin layer of rubber, weighing 14 grams, while the new improved rubber bullet, introduced in 1989, is a rubber-coated metal cylinder 1.7 cm in diameter, weighing 15.4 grams.[15] Of the lethal injuries from this projectile, most are suffered to the head.[15]

Rubber-coated bullets used against protesters in Ni’lin, August 2013

Smaller rubber bullets are used in riot shotguns, and are available in a variety of types. One company, for example, makes both rubber buckshot rounds, containing 15 8.3mm diameter rubber balls per cartridge, and rubber baton rounds, containing a single 4.75 gram projectile.[16]

Self-defense use[edit]

In some countries non-lethal guns firing rubber projectiles may be used by civilians for self-defence.

  •  Kazakhstan – non-lethal gas pistols with the ability to fire ammunition with rubber bullets are permitted to civil population, and they are also allowed for private security guards
  •  Romania– rubber bullet guns are one of the few firearms that can be owned in the country by private individuals.
  •  Russia – since 1999, the use of non-lethal weapons in Russia is permitted to civil population, and it is also used by private security[17] and law control forces.[18] A variety of handguns (OSA, “Makarych“, HORHE, etc.) are carried with specially weakened construction and barrel with internal lugs, making use of full-power loads and/or firing hard projectiles impossible, while rubber bullets just compress when passing the lug and so may be fired. Most common calibers are 9 mm and 10 mm with muzzle velocity sometimes almost matching normal handguns and bullets as light as 0.7 g.
  •  Ukraine – non-lethal gas pistols with the ability to fire ammunition with rubber bullets are allowed for private security guards[19][20]

Recreational use[edit]

Rubber bullets, powered by only a primer, are usually used for short-range indoor target practice or training, generally with handguns. They are intended for only target shooting, unlike paintballs or airsoft pellets, which are intended for use on suitably protected live targets. Rubber bullets, if used with a suitable backstop, can be recovered undamaged after firing, and reused numerous times.[2][21]

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All About Guns Gear & Stuff

C-130 The Big Taxi / Gunship of the Sky!

C-130 *smirk* Not ALL awful places...

Attachments area
Preview YouTube video AC 130 Gunship Ops in Afghanistan High Resolution WWW VSFREE NET – Best Video Collections 2015 …

Here is some more Information about this amazing Plane & its Crews!
Grumpy

Lockheed C-130 Hercules

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
C-130 Hercules
Straight-wing, four-engine turboprop-driven aircraft overflying water
USAF C-130E
Role Military transport aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Lockheed
Lockheed Martin
First flight 23 August 1954
Status In service
Primary users United States Air Force
United States Marine Corps
Royal Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Produced 1954–present
Number built Over 2,500 as of 2015[1]
Unit cost
C-130E $11.9 million[2]
C-130H $30.1 million[3]
Variants AC-130 Spectre/Spooky
Lockheed DC-130
Lockheed EC-130
Lockheed HC-130
Lockheed Martin KC-130
Lockheed LC-130
Lockheed MC-130
Lockheed WC-130
Lockheed L-100 Hercules
Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules

The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin). Capable of using unprepared runways for takeoffs and landings, the C-130 was originally designed as a troop, medevac, and cargo transport aircraft. The versatile airframe has found uses in a variety of other roles, including as a gunship (AC-130), for airborne assaultsearch and rescue, scientific research support, weather reconnaissance, aerial refuelingmaritime patrol, and aerial firefighting. It is now the main tactical airlifter for many military forces worldwide. Over forty variants and versions of the Hercules, including a civilian one marketed as the Lockheed L-100, operate in more than 60 nations.
The C-130 entered service with the U.S. in the 1950s, followed by Australia and others. During its years of service, the Hercules family has participated in numerous military, civilian and humanitarian aidoperations. In 2007, the C-130 became the fifth aircraft—after the English Electric CanberraB-52 StratofortressTupolev Tu-95, and KC-135 Stratotanker—to mark 50 years of continuous service with its original primary customer, in this case, the United States Air Force.[citation needed] The C-130 Hercules is the longest continuously produced military aircraft at over 60 years, with the updated Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules currently being produced.[4]

Design and development[edit]

Background and requirements[edit]

The Korean War showed that World War II-era piston-engine transports—Fairchild C-119 Flying BoxcarsDouglas C-47 Skytrains and Curtiss C-46 Commandos—were inadequate for modern warfare. Thus, on 2 February 1951, the United States Air Force issued a General Operating Requirement (GOR) for a new transport to BoeingDouglasFairchildLockheedMartinChase AircraftNorth AmericanNorthrop, and Airlifts Inc. The new transport would have a capacity of 92 passengers, 72 combat troops or 64 paratroopers in a cargo compartment that was approximately 41 feet (12 m) long, 9 feet (2.7 m) high, and 10 feet (3.0 m) wide. Unlike transports derived from passenger airliners, it was to be designed from the ground-up as a combat transport with loading from a hinged loading ramp at the rear of the fuselage.
A key feature was the introduction of the Allison T56 turboprop powerplant, first developed specifically for the C-130. At the time, the turboprop was a new application of gas turbines, which offered greater range at propeller-driven speeds compared to pure turbojets, which were faster but consumed more fuel. They also produced much more power for their weight than piston engines.

Design phase[edit]

The Hercules resembled a larger four-engine brother to the C-123 Provider with a similar wing and cargo ramp layout that evolved from the Chase XCG-20 Avitruc, which in turn, was first designed and flown as a cargo glider in 1947.[5] The Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter also had a rear ramp, which made it possible to drive vehicles onto the plane (also possible with forward ramp on a C-124). The ramp on the Hercules was also used to airdrop cargo, which included low-altitude extraction for Sheridan tanks and even dropping large improvised “daisy cutter” bombs.
The new Lockheed cargo plane design possessed a range of 1,100 nmi (1,270 mi; 2,040 km), takeoff capability from short and unprepared strips, and the ability to fly with one engine shut down. Fairchild, North American, Martin, and Northrop declined to participate. The remaining five companies tendered a total of ten designs: Lockheed two, Boeing one, Chase three, Douglas three, and Airlifts Inc. one. The contest was a close affair between the lighter of the two Lockheed (preliminary project designation L-206) proposals and a four-turboprop Douglas design.
The Lockheed design team was led by Willis Hawkins, starting with a 130-page proposal for the Lockheed L-206.[6] Hall Hibbard, Lockheed vice president and chief engineer, saw the proposal and directed it to Kelly Johnson, who did not care for the low-speed, unarmed aircraft, and remarked, “If you sign that letter, you will destroy the Lockheed Company.”[6] Both Hibbard and Johnson signed the proposal and the company won the contract for the now-designated Model 82 on 2 July 1951.[7]
The first flight of the YC-130 prototype was made on 23 August 1954 from the Lockheed plant in Burbank, California. The aircraft, serial number 53-3397, was the second prototype, but the first of the two to fly. The YC-130 was piloted by Stanley Beltz and Roy Wimmer on its 61-minute flight to Edwards Air Force BaseJack Real and Dick Stanton served as flight engineers. Kelly Johnson flew chase in a Lockheed P2V Neptune.[8]
After the two prototypes were completed, production began in Marietta, Georgia, where over 2,300 C-130s have been built through 2009.[9]
The initial production model, the C-130A, was powered by Allison T56-A-9 turboprops with three-blade propellers and originally equipped with the blunt nose of the prototypes. Deliveries began in December 1956, continuing until the introduction of the C-130B model in 1959. Some A-models were equipped with skis and re-designated C-130D. As the C-130A became operational with Tactical Air Command (TAC), the C-130’s lack of range became apparent and additional fuel capacity was added in the form of external pylon-mounted tanks at the end of the wings.

Improved versions[edit]

Michigan Air National Guard C-130E dispatches its flares during a low-level training mission

The C-130B model was developed to complement the A-models that had previously been delivered, and incorporated new features, particularly increased fuel capacity in the form of auxiliary tanks built into the center wing section and an AC electrical system. Four-bladed Hamilton Standard propellers replaced the Aeroproducts three-blade propellers that distinguished the earlier A-models. The C-130B had ailerons with boost increased from 2,050 psi (14.1 MPa) to 3,000 psi(21 MPa), as well as uprated engines and four-blade propellers that were standard until the J-model’s introduction.
An electronic reconnaissance variant of the C-130B was designated C-130B-II. A total of 13 aircraft were converted. The C-130B-II was distinguished by its false external wing fuel tanks, which were disguised signals intelligence (SIGINT) receiver antennas. These pods were slightly larger than the standard wing tanks found on other C-130Bs. Most aircraft featured a swept blade antenna on the upper fuselage, as well as extra wire antennas between the vertical fin and upper fuselage not found on other C-130s. Radio call numbers on the tail of these aircraft were regularly changed so as to confuse observers and disguise their true mission.
The extended-range C-130E model entered service in 1962 after it was developed as an interim long-range transport for the Military Air Transport Service. Essentially a B-model, the new designation was the result of the installation of 1,360 US gal (5,150 L) Sargent Fletcher external fuel tanks under each wing’s midsection and more powerful Allison T56-A-7A turboprops. The hydraulic boost pressure to the ailerons was reduced back to 2,050 psi (14.1 MPa) as a consequence of the external tanks’ weight in the middle of the wingspan. The E model also featured structural improvements, avionicsupgrades and a higher gross weight. Australia took delivery of 12 C130E Hercules during 1966–67 to supplement the 12 C-130A models already in service with the RAAF. Sweden and Spain fly the TP-84T version of the C-130E fitted for aerial refueling capability.
The KC-130 tankers, originally C-130F procured for the US Marine Corps (USMC) in 1958 (under the designation GV-1) are equipped with a removable 3,600 US gal (13,626 L) stainless steel fuel tank carried inside the cargo compartment. The two wing-mounted hose and drogue aerial refueling pods each transfer up to 300 US gal per minute (19 L per second) to two aircraft simultaneously, allowing for rapid cycle times of multiple-receiver aircraft formations, (a typical tanker formation of four aircraft in less than 30 minutes). The US Navy‘s C-130G has increased structural strength allowing higher gross weight operation.

Further developments[edit]

The C-130H model has updated Allison T56-A-15 turboprops, a redesigned outer wing, updated avionics and other minor improvements. Later H models had a new, fatigue-life-improved, center wing that was retrofitted to many earlier H-models. For structural reasons, some models are required to land with certain amounts of fuel when carrying heavy cargo, reducing usable range.[10] The H model remains in widespread use with the United States Air Force (USAF) and many foreign air forces. Initial deliveries began in 1964 (to the RNZAF), remaining in production until 1996. An improved C-130H was introduced in 1974, with Australia purchasing 12 of type in 1978 to replace the original 12 C-130A models, which had first entered RAAF Service in 1958. The U.S. Coast Guard employs the HC-130H for long-range search and rescue, drug interdiction, illegal migrant patrols, homeland security, and logistics.

C-130H models produced from 1992 to 1996 were designated as C-130H3 by the USAF. The “3” denoting the third variation in design for the H series. Improvements included ring laser gyros for the INUs, GPS receivers, a partial glass cockpit (ADI and HSI instruments), a more capable APN-241 color radar, night vision device compatible instrument lighting, and an integrated radar and missile warning system. The electrical system upgrade included Generator Control Units (GCU) and Bus Switching units (BSU) to provide stable power to the more sensitive upgraded components.[11]

Royal Air Force C-130K (C.3)

The equivalent model for export to the UK is the C-130K, known by the Royal Air Force (RAF) as the Hercules C.1. The C-130H-30 (Hercules C.3 in RAF service) is a stretched version of the original Hercules, achieved by inserting a 100 in (2.54 m) plug aft of the cockpit and an 80 in (2.03 m) plug at the rear of the fuselage. A single C-130K was purchased by the Met Office for use by its Meteorological Research Flight, where it was classified as the Hercules W.2. This aircraft was heavily modified (with its most prominent feature being the long red and white striped atmospheric probe on the nose and the move of the weather radar into a pod above the forward fuselage). This aircraft, named Snoopy, was withdrawn in 2001 and was then modified by Marshall of Cambridge Aerospaceas flight-testbed for the A400M turbine engine, the TP400. The C-130K is used by the RAF Falcons for parachute drops. Three C-130K (Hercules C Mk.1P) were upgraded and sold to the Austrian Air Force in 2002.[12]

Enhanced models[edit]

The MC-130E Combat Talon was developed for the USAF during the Vietnam War to support special operations missions in Southeast Asia, and led to both the MC-130H Combat Talon II as well as a family of other special missions aircraft. 37 of the earliest models currently operating with the Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) are scheduled to be replaced by new-production MC-130J versions. The EC-130 Commando Solo is another special missions variant within AFSOC, albeit operated solely by an AFSOC-gained wing in the Pennsylvania Air National Guard, and is a psychological operations/information operations (PSYOP/IO) platform equipped as an aerial radio station and television stations able to transmit messaging over commercial frequencies. Other versions of the EC-130, most notably the EC-130H Compass Call, are also special variants, but are assigned to the Air Combat Command (ACC). The AC-130 gunship was first developed during the Vietnam War to provide close air support and other ground-attack duties.

USAF HC-130P refuels a HH-60G Pavehawk helicopter

The HC-130 is a family of long-range search and rescue variants used by the USAF and the U.S. Coast Guard. Equipped for deep deployment of Pararescuemen (PJs), survival equipment, and (in the case of USAF versions) aerial refueling of combat rescue helicopters, HC-130s are usually the on-scene command aircraft for combat SAR missions (USAF only) and non-combat SAR (USAF and USCG). Early USAF versions were also equipped with the Fulton surface-to-air recovery system, designed to pull a person off the ground using a wire strung from a helium balloon. The John Wayne movie The Green Beretsfeatures its use. The Fulton system was later removed when aerial refueling of helicopters proved safer and more versatile. The movie The Perfect Storm depicts a real life SAR mission involving aerial refueling of a New York Air National GuardHH-60G by a New York Air National Guard HC-130P.
The C-130R and C-130T are U.S. Navy and USMC models, both equipped with underwing external fuel tanks. The USN C-130T is similar, but has additional avionics improvements. In both models, aircraft are equipped with Allison T56-A-16 engines. The USMC versions are designated KC-130R or KC-130T when equipped with underwing refueling pods and pylons and are fully night vision system compatible.
The RC-130 is a reconnaissance version. A single example is used by the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force, the aircraft having originally been sold to the former Imperial Iranian Air Force.
The Lockheed L-100 (L-382) is a civilian variant, equivalent to a C-130E model without military equipment. The L-100 also has two stretched versions.

Next generation[edit]

In the 1970s, Lockheed proposed a C-130 variant with turbofan engines rather than turboprops, but the U.S. Air Force preferred the takeoff performance of the existing aircraft. In the 1980s, the C-130 was intended to be replaced by the Advanced Medium STOL Transport project. The project was canceled and the C-130 has remained in production.
Building on lessons learned, Lockheed Martin modified a commercial variant of the C-130 into a High Technology Test Bed (HTTB). This test aircraft set numerous short takeoff and landing performance records and significantly expanded the database for future derivatives of the C-130.[13] Modifications made to the HTTB included extended chord ailerons, a long chord rudder, fast-acting double-slotted trailing edge flaps, a high-camber wing leading edge extension, a larger dorsal fin and dorsal fins, the addition of three spoiler panels to each wing upper surface, a long-stroke main and nose landing gear system, and changes to the flight controls and a change from direct mechanical linkages assisted by hydraulic boost, to fully powered controls, in which the mechanical linkages from the flight station controls operated only the hydraulic control valves of the appropriate boost unit.[14] The HTTB first flew on 19 June 1984, with civil registration of N130X. After demonstrating many new technologies, some of which were applied to the C-130J, the HTTB was lost in a fatal accident on 3 February 1993, at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, in Marietta, Georgia.[15] The crash was attributed to disengagement of the rudder fly-by-wire flight control system, resulting in a total loss of rudder control capability while conducting ground minimum control speed tests (Vmcg). The disengagement was a result of the inadequate design of the rudder’s integrated actuator package by its manufacturer; the operator’s insufficient system safety review failed to consider the consequences of the inadequate design to all operating regimes. A factor which contributed to the accident was the flight crew’s lack of engineering flight test training.[16]
In the 1990s, the improved C-130J Super Hercules was developed by Lockheed (later Lockheed Martin). This model is the newest version and the only model in production. Externally similar to the classic Hercules in general appearance, the J model has new turboprop engines, six-bladed propellers, digital avionics, and other new systems.[17]

Upgrades and changes[edit]

In 2000, Boeing was awarded a US$1.4 billion contract to develop an Avionics Modernization Program kit for the C-130. The program was beset with delays and cost overruns until project restructuring in 2007.[18] On 2 September 2009, Bloomberg news reported that the planned Avionics Modernization Program (AMP) upgrade to the older C-130s would be dropped to provide more funds for the F-35, CV-22 and airborne tanker replacement programs.[19] However, in June 2010, Department of Defense approved funding for the initial production of the AMP upgrade kits.[20][21] Under the terms of this agreement, the USAF has cleared Boeing to begin low-rate initial production (LRIP) for the C-130 AMP. A total of 198 aircraft are expected to feature the AMP upgrade. The current cost per aircraft is US$14 million although Boeing expects that this price will drop to US$7 million for the 69th aircraft.[18]
In the 2000s, Lockheed Martin and the U.S. Air Force began outfitting and retrofitting C-130s with the eight-blade UTC Aerospace Systems NP2000 propellers.[22]
An engine enhancement program saving fuel and providing lower temperatures in the T56 engine has been approved, and the US Air Force expects to save $2 billion and extend the fleet life.[23]

Replacement[edit]

In October 2010, the Air Force released a capabilities request for information (CRFI) for the development of a new airlifter to replace the C-130. The new aircraft is to carry a 190 percent greater payload and assume the mission of mounted vertical maneuver (MVM). The greater payload and mission would enable it to carry medium-weight armored vehicles and drop them off at locations without long runways. Various options are being considered, including new or upgraded fixed-wing designs, rotorcraft, tiltrotors, or even an airship. Development could start in 2014, and become operational by 2024. The C-130 fleet of around 450 planes would be replaced by only 250 aircraft.[24] The Air Force had attempted to replace the C-130 in the 1970s through the Advanced Medium STOL Transport project, which resulted in the C-17 Globemaster IIIthat instead replaced the C-141 Starlifter.[25] The Air Force Research Laboratory funded Lockheed and Boeing demonstrators for the Speed Agile concept, which had the goal of making a STOL aircraft that can take off and land at speeds as low as 70 kn (130 km/h; 81 mph) on airfields less than 2,000 ft (610 m) long and cruise at Mach 0.8-plus. Boeing’s design used upper-surface blowing from embedded engines on the inboard wing and blown flaps for circulation control on the outboard wing. Lockheed’s design also used blown flaps outboard, but inboard used patented reversing ejector nozzles. Boeing’s design completed over 2,000 hours of windtunnel tests in late 2009. It was a 5 percent-scale model of a narrowbody design with a 55,000 lb (25,000 kg) payload. When the AFRL increased the payload requirement to 65,000 lb (29,000 kg), they tested a 5% scale model of a widebody design with a 303,000 lb (137,000 kg) take-off gross weight and an “A400M-size” 158 in (4.0 m) wide cargo box. It would be powered by four IAE V2533 turbofans.[26] In August 2011, the AFRL released pictures of the Lockheed Speed Agile concept demonstrator. A 23% scale model went through wind tunnel tests to demonstrate its hybrid powered lift, which combines a low drag airframe with simple mechanical assembly to reduce weight and better aerodynamics. The model had four engines, including two Williams FJ44 turbofans.[25][27] On 26 March 2013, Boeing was granted a patent for its swept-wing powered lift aircraft.[28]
As of January 2014, Air Mobility CommandAir Force Materiel Command and the Air Force Research Lab are in the early stages of defining requirements for the C-X next generation airlifter program to replace both the C-130 and C-17. An aircraft would be produced from the early 2030s to the 2040s. If requirements are decided for operating in contested airspace, Air Force procurement of C-130s would end by the end of the decade to not have them serviceable by the 2030s and operated when they cannot perform in that environment. Development of the airlifter depends heavily on the Army’s “tactical and operational maneuver” plans. Two different cargo planes could still be created to separately perform tactical and strategic missions, but which course to pursue is to be decided before C-17s need to be retired.[29]

Operational history[edit]

Military[edit]

USMC KC-130F Hercules performing takeoffs and landings aboard the aircraft carrier Forrestal in 1963. The aircraft is now displayed at the National Museum of Naval Aviation.

The first batch of C-130A production aircraft were delivered beginning in 1956 to the 463d Troop Carrier Wing at Ardmore AFB, Oklahoma and the 314th Troop Carrier Wing at Sewart AFB, Tennessee. Six additional squadrons were assigned to the 322d Air Divisionin Europe and the 315th Air Division in the Far East. Additional aircraft were modified for electronics intelligence work and assigned to Rhein-Main Air Base, Germany while modified RC-130As were assigned to the Military Air Transport Service (MATS) photo-mapping division.
In 1958, a U.S. reconnaissance C-130A-II of the 7406th Support Squadron was shot down over Armenia by four Soviet MiG-17s along the Turkish-Armenian border during a routine mission.[30]
Australia became the first non-American force to operate the C-130A Hercules with 12 examples being delivered from late 1958. The Royal Canadian Air Force became another early user with the delivery of four B-models (Canadian designation C-130 Mk I) in October / November 1960.[31]
In 1963, a Hercules achieved and still holds the record for the largest and heaviest aircraft to land on an aircraft carrier.[32] During October and November that year, a USMC KC-130F (BuNo 149798), loaned to the U.S. Naval Air Test Center, made 29 touch-and-go landings, 21 unarrested full-stop landings and 21 unassisted take-offs on Forrestal at a number of different weights.[33][34] The pilot, Lieutenant (later Rear Admiral) James H. Flatley III, USN, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for his role in this test series. The tests were highly successful, but the idea was considered too risky for routine carrier onboard delivery (COD) operations. Instead, the Grumman C-2 Greyhoundwas developed as a dedicated COD aircraft. The Hercules used in the test, most recently in service with Marine Aerial Refueler Squadron 352 (VMGR-352) until 2005, is now part of the collection of the National Museum of Naval Aviation at NAS Pensacola, Florida.
In 1964, C-130 crews from the 6315th Operations Group at Naha Air Base, Okinawa commenced forward air control (FAC; “Flare”) missions over the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos supporting USAF strike aircraft. In April 1965 the mission was expanded to North Vietnam where C-130 crews led formations of Martin B-57 Canberra bombers on night reconnaissance/strike missions against communist supply routes leading to South Vietnam. In early 1966 Project Blind Bat/Lamplighter was established at Ubon Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand. After the move to Ubon the mission became a four-engine FAC mission with the C-130 crew searching for targets then calling in strike aircraft. Another little-known C-130 mission flown by Naha-based crews was Operation Commando Scarf, which involved the delivery of chemicals onto sections of the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos that were designed to produce mud and landslides in hopes of making the truck routes impassable.[citation needed]
In November 1964, on the other side of the globe, C-130Es from the 464th Troop Carrier Wing but loaned to 322d Air Division in France, took part in Operation Dragon Rouge, one of the most dramatic missions in history in the former Belgian Congo. After communist Simba rebels took white residents of the city of Stanleyville hostage, the U.S. and Belgium developed a joint rescue mission that used the C-130s to drop, air-land and air-lift a force of Belgian paratroopers to rescue the hostages. Two missions were flown, one over Stanleyville and another over Paulis during Thanksgiving weeks.[35] The headline-making mission resulted in the first award of the prestigious MacKay Trophy to C-130 crews.
In the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, as a desperate measure the transport No. 6 Squadron of the Pakistan Air Forcemodified its entire small fleet of C-130Bs for use as heavy bombers, capable of carrying up to 20,000 lb (9,072 kg) of bombs on pallets. These improvised bombers were used to hit Indian targets such as bridges, heavy artillery positions, tank formations and troop concentrations.[36][37] Some C-130s even flew with anti-aircraft guns fitted on their ramp, apparently shooting down some 17 aircraft and damaging 16 others.[38]

C-130 Hercules were used in the Battle of Kham Duc in 1968, when the North Vietnamese Army forced U.S.-led forces to abandon the Kham Duc Special Forces Camp.

In October 1968, a C-130Bs from the 463rd Tactical Airlift Wing dropped a pair of M-121 10,000 pound bombs that had been developed for the massive Convair B-36 Peacemaker bomber but had never been used. The U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force resurrected the huge weapons as a means of clearing landing zones for helicopters and in early 1969 the 463rd commenced Commando Vault missions. Although the stated purpose of COMMANDO VAULT was to clear LZs, they were also used on enemy base camps and other targets.[citation needed]
During the late 1960s, the U.S. was eager to get information on Chinese nuclear capabilities. After the failure of the Black Cat Squadron to plant operating sensor pods near the Lop Nur Nuclear Weapons Test Base using a Lockheed U-2, the CIA developed a plan, named Heavy Tea, to deploy two battery-powered sensor pallets near the base. To deploy the pallets, a Black Bat Squadron crew was trained in the U.S. to fly the C-130 Hercules. The crew of 12, led by Col Sun Pei Zhen, took off from Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base in an unmarked U.S. Air Force C-130E on 17 May 1969. Flying for six and a half hours at low altitude in the dark, they arrived over the target and the sensor pallets were dropped by parachute near Anxi in Gansu province. After another six and a half hours of low altitude flight, they arrived back at Takhli. The sensors worked and uploaded data to a U.S. intelligence satellite for six months, before their batteries failed. The Chinese conducted two nuclear tests, on 22 September 1969 and 29 September 1969, during the operating life of the sensor pallets. Another mission to the area was planned as Operation Golden Whip, but was called off in 1970.[39] It is most likely that the aircraft used on this mission was either C-130E serial number 64-0506 or 64-0507 (cn 382-3990 and 382-3991). These two aircraft were delivered to Air America in 1964.[40] After being returned to the U.S. Air Force sometime between 1966 and 1970, they were assigned the serial numbers of C-130s that had been destroyed in accidents. 64-0506 is now flying as 62-1843, a C-130E that crashed in Vietnam on 20 December 1965 and 64-0507 is now flying as 63-7785, a C-130E that had crashed in Vietnam on 17 June 1966.[41]
The A-model continued in service through the Vietnam War, where the aircraft assigned to the four squadrons at Naha AB, Okinawa and one at Tachikawa Air Base, Japan performed yeoman’s service, including operating highly classified special operations missions such as the BLIND BAT FAC/Flare mission and FACT SHEET leaflet mission over Laos and North Vietnam. The A-model was also provided to the Republic of Vietnam Air Force as part of the Vietnamization program at the end of the war, and equipped three squadrons based at Tan Son Nhut AFB. The last operator in the world is the Honduran Air Force, which is still flying one of five A model Hercules (FAH 558, c/n 3042) as of October 2009.[42] As the Vietnam War wound down, the 463rd Troop Carrier/Tactical Airlift Wing B-models and A-models of the 374th Tactical Airlift Wing were transferred back to the United States where most were assigned to Air Force Reserve and Air National Guardunits.

U.S. Marines disembark from C-130 transports at Da Nang Air Base on 8 March 1965

Another prominent role for the B model was with the United States Marine Corps, where Hercules initially designated as GV-1s replaced C-119s. After Air Force C-130Ds proved the type’s usefulness in Antarctica, the U.S. Navy purchased a number of B-models equipped with skis that were designated as LC-130s. C-130B-II electronic reconnaissance aircraft were operated under the SUN VALLEY program name primarily from Yokota Air Base, Japan. All reverted to standard C-130B cargo aircraft after their replacement in the reconnaissance role by other aircraft.
The C-130 was also used in the 1976 Entebbe raid in which Israeli commandoforces carried a surprise assault to rescue 103 passengers of an airliner hijacked by Palestinian and German terrorists at Entebbe Airport, Uganda. The rescue force—200 soldiers, jeeps, and a black Mercedes-Benz (intended to resemble Ugandan Dictator Idi Amin‘s vehicle of state)—was flown over 2,200 nmi (4,074 km; 2,532 mi) almost entirely at an altitude of less than 100 ft (30 m) from Israel to Entebbe by four Israeli Air Force (IAF) Hercules aircraft without mid-air refueling (on the way back, the aircraft refueled in Nairobi, Kenya).
During the Falklands War (SpanishGuerra de las Malvinas) of 1982, Argentine Air Force C-130s undertook highly dangerous, daily re-supply night flights as blockade runners to the Argentine garrison on the Falkland Islands. They also performed daylight maritime survey flights. One was lost during the war, shot down by a Royal Navy Sea Harrier. Argentina also operated two KC-130 tankers during the war, and these refueled both the Douglas A-4 Skyhawks and Navy Dassault-Breguet Super Étendards; some C-130s were modified to operate as bombers with bomb-racks under their wings. The British also used RAF C-130s to support their logistical operations.

USMC C-130T Fat Albertperforming a rocket-assisted takeoff(RATO)

During the Gulf War of 1991 (Operation Desert Storm), the C-130 Hercules was used operationally by the U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps, along with the air forces of Australia, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and the UK. The MC-130 Combat Talon variant also made the first attacks using the largest conventional bombs in the world, the BLU-82 “Daisy Cutter” and GBU-43/B “Massive Ordnance Air Blast” bomb, (MOAB). Daisy Cutters were used to clear landing zones and to eliminate mine fields. The weight and size of the weapons make it impossible or impractical to load them on conventional bombers. The GBU-43/B MOAB is a successor to the BLU-82 and can perform the same function, as well as perform strike functions against hardened targets in a low air threat environment.
Since 1992, two successive C-130 aircraft named Fat Albert have served as the support aircraft for the U.S. Navy Blue Angels flight demonstration team. Fat Albert I was a TC-130G (151891),[43] while Fat Albert II is a C-130T (164763).[44]Although Fat Albert supports a Navy squadron, it is operated by the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) and its crew consists solely of USMC personnel. At some air shows featuring the team, Fat Albert takes part, performing flyovers. Until 2009, it also demonstrated its rocket-assisted takeoff (RATO) capabilities; these ended due to dwindling supplies of rockets.[45]
The AC-130 also holds the record for the longest sustained flight by a C-130. From 22 to 24 October 1997, two AC-130U gunships flew 36 hours nonstop from Hurlburt Field Florida to Taegu (Daegu), South Korea while being refueled seven times by KC-135 tanker aircraft. This record flight shattered the previous record longest flight by over 10 hours while the two gunships took on 410,000 lb (190,000 kg) of fuel. The gunship has been used in every major U.S. combat operation since Vietnam, except for Operation El Dorado Canyon, the 1986 attack on Libya.[46]

C-130 Hercules performs a tactical landing on a dirt strip

During the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 and the ongoing support of the International Security Assistance Force (Operation Enduring Freedom), the C-130 Hercules has been used operationally by Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, South Korea, Spain, the UK and the United States.
During the 2003 invasion of Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom), the C-130 Hercules was used operationally by Australia, the UK and the United States. After the initial invasion, C-130 operators as part of the Multinational force in Iraq used their C-130s to support their forces in Iraq.
Since 2004, the Pakistan Air Force has employed C-130s in the War in North-West Pakistan. Some variants had forward looking infrared (FLIR Systems Star Safire III EO/IR) sensor balls, to enable close tracking of Islamist militants.[47]

Civilian[edit]

A C-130E fitted with a MAFFS-1 dropping fire retardant

The U.S. Forest Service developed the Modular Airborne FireFighting System for the C-130 in the 1970s, which allows regular aircraft to be temporarily converted to an airtanker for fighting wildfires.[48] In the late 1980s, 22 retired USAF C-130As were removed from storage at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base and transferred to the U.S. Forest Service, which then illegally transferred them to six private companies to be converted into air tankers. After one of these aircraft crashed due to wing separation in flight as a result of fatigue stress cracking, the entire fleet of C-130A air tankers was permanently grounded in 2004. C-130s were used to spread chemical dispersants onto the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf Coast in 2010.[49]
A recent development of a C-130–based airtanker is the Retardant Aerial Delivery System developed by Coulson Aviation USA. The system consists of a C-130H/Q retrofitted with an in-floor discharge system, combined with a removable 3,500- or 4,000-gallon water tank. The combined system is FAA certified.[50]

Variants[edit]

C-130H Hercules flight deck

A U.S. JC-130 aircraft retrieving a reconnaissance satellite film capsule under parachute.

C-130s from the: U.S., Canada, Australia and Israel (foreground to background)

RAAF C-130J-30 at Point Cook, 2006

Brazilian Air Force C-130 (L-382)

Significant military variants of the C-130 include:

C-130A/B/E/F/G/H/K/T
Tactical airlifter basic models
C-130A-II Dreamboat
Early version Electronic Intelligence/Signals Intelligence (ELINT/SIGINT) aircraft[51]
C-130J Super Hercules
Tactical airlifter, with new engines, avionics, and updated systems
C-130K
Designation for RAF Hercules C1/W2/C3 aircraft (C-130Js in RAF service are the Hercules C.4 and Hercules C.5)
AC-130A/E/H/J/U/W
Gunship variants
C-130D/D-6
Ski-equipped version for snow and ice operations United States Air Force / Air National Guard
CC-130E/H/J Hercules
Designation for Canadian Armed Forces / Royal Canadian Air Force Hercules aircraft. U.S. Air Force used the CC-130J designation to differentiate the standard C-130J variant from the “stretched” C-130J (company designation C-130J-30).
C-130M
Designation used by the Brazilian Air Force for locally modified / up-graded C-130H aircraft[52]
DC-130A/E/H
USAF and USN Drone control
EC-130
EC-130E/J Commando Solo – USAF / Air National Guard psychological operations version
EC-130E Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center (ABCCC) – USAF procedural air-to-ground attack control, also provided NRT threat updates
EC-130E Rivet Rider – Airborne psychological warfare aircraft
EC-130H Compass Call – Electronic warfare and electronic attack.[53]
EC-130V – Airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) variant used by USCG for counter-narcotics missions[54]
GC-130
Permanently grounded instructional airframes
HC-130
HC-130B/E/H – Early model combat search and rescue
HC-130P/N Combat King – USAF aerial refueling tanker and combat search and rescue
HC-130J Combat King II – Next generation combat search and rescue tanker
HC-130H/J – USCG long-range surveillance and search and rescue
JC-130
Temporary conversion for flight test operations; Also used to recover film from American spy satellites.
KC-130F/R/T/J
United States Marine Corps aerial refueling tanker and tactical airlifter
LC-130F/H/R
USAF / Air National Guard – Ski-equipped version for Arctic and Antarcticsupport operations; LC-130F previously operated by USN
MC-130
MC-130E/H Combat Talon I/II – Special operations infiltration/extraction variant
MC-130W Combat Spear/Dragon Spear – Special operations tanker/gunship[55]
MC-130P Combat Shadow – Special operations tanker
MC-130J Commando II (formerly Combat Shadow II) – Special operations tanker Air Force Special Operations Command[56]
YMC-130H – Modified aircraft under Operation Credible Sport for second Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt
NC-130
Permanent conversion for flight test operations
PC-130/C-130-MP
Maritime patrol
RC-130A/S
Surveillance aircraft for reconnaissance
SC-130J Sea Herc
Proposed maritime patrol version of the C-130J, designed for coastal surveillance and anti-submarine warfare.[57][58]
TC-130
Aircrew training
VC-130H
VIP transport
WC-130A/B/E/H/J
Weather reconnaissance (“Hurricane Hunter“) version for USAF / Air Force Reserve Command‘s 53d Weather Reconnaissance Squadron in support of the National Weather Service‘s National Hurricane Center

Operators[edit]

Military operators of the C-130 Hercules aircraft;

  Current operators
  Former operators

C-130H used by the Egyptian Air Force.

C-130 Saudi Air Force

Former operators

Accidents[edit]

The C-130 Hercules has had a low accident rate in general. The Royal Air Force recorded an accident rate of about one aircraft loss per 250,000 flying hours over the last 40 years, placing it behind Vickers VC10s and Lockheed TriStars with no flying losses.[59] USAF C-130A/B/E-models had an overall attrition rate of 5% as of 1989 as compared to 1-2% for commercial airliners in the U.S., according to the NTSB, 10% for B-52 bombers, and 20% for fighters (F-4F-111), trainers (T-37T-38), and helicopters (H-3).[60]
A total of 70 aircraft were lost by the U.S. Air Force and the U.S. Marine Corps during combat operations in the Vietnam War in Southeast Asia. By the nature of the Hercules’ worldwide service, the pattern of losses provides an interesting barometer of the global hot spots over the past 50 years.[61]

Aircraft on display[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Australia[edit]

  • C-130A RAAF A97-214 used by 36 Squadron from early 1959, withdrawn from use late 1978; now at RAAF Museum, RAAF Base Williams, Point Cook.[citation needed]
  • C-130E RAAF A97-160 used by 37 Squadron from August 1966, withdrawn from use November 2000; to RAAF Museum, 14 November 2000, cocooned as of September 2005.[63]

Canada[edit]

Colombia[edit]

  • C-130B FAC 1010 (serial number 3521) moved on 14 January 2016 to the Colombian Aerospace Museum in TocancipáCundinamarca, for static display.[65]
  • C-130B FAC1011 (serial number 3585, ex 59-1535) preserved at the Colombian Air and Space Museum within CATAM AFBBogotá.[66]

Indonesia[edit]

  • C-130B Indonesian Air Force A-1301 preserved at Sulaeman Airstrip, Bandung. Also occasionally used for PaskhasTraining.[citation needed]

Norway[edit]

  • C-130H Royal Norwegian Air Force 953 was retired 10 June 2007 and moved to the Air Force museum at Oslo Gardermoen in May 2008.[67]

Saudi Arabia[edit]

  • C-130H RSAF 460 was operated by 4 Squadron Royal Saudi Air Force, December 1974 until January 1987. It was damaged in a fire at Jeddah in December 1989. Restored for ground training by August 1993. At Royal Saudi Air Force Museum, November 2002, restored for ground display by using a tail from another C-130H.[68]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

  • C-130A, AF Ser. No. 55-0037 used by the 773 TCS, 483 TCW, 315 AD, 374 TCW, 815 TAS, 35 TAS, 109 TAS, belly-landed at Duluth, Minnesota, April 1973, repaired; 167 TAS, 180 TAS, to Chanute Technical Training Center as GC-130A, May 1984; now displayed at Octave Chanute Aerospace Museum, Rantoul Aviation Complex (former Chanute AFBRantoul, Illinois as of November 1995.[70]
  • C-130A, AF Ser. No. 56-0518 used by the 314 TCW, 315 AD, 41 ATS, 328 TAS; to Republic of Vietnam Air Force 435 Transport Squadron, November 1972; holds the C-130 record for taking off with the most personnel on board, during evacuation of SVN, 29 April 1975, with 452. Returned to USAF, 185 TAS, 105 TAS; gate guard at Little Rock AFBVisitor Center, Arkansas by March 1993.[71]
  • C-130A, AF Ser. No. 57-0453 was operated from 1958 to 1991, last duty with 155th TAS, 164th TAG, Tennessee Air National Guard, Memphis International Airport/ANGB, Tennessee, 1976–1991, named “Nite Train to Memphis”; to AMARC in December 1991, then sent to Texas for modification into replica of C-130A-II Dreamboat aircraft, AF Ser. No. 56-0528, shot down by Soviet fighters in Soviet airspace near Yerevan, Armenia on 2 September 1958, while on ELINT mission with loss of all crew, displayed in National Vigilance ParkNational Security Agency grounds, Fort George MeadeMaryland.[72]
  • C-130B, AF Ser. No. 59-0528 was operated by 145th Airlift WingNorth Carolina Air National Guard; placed on static display at Charlotte Air National Guard Base, North Carolina in 2010.[73]
  • C-130D, AF Ser. No. 57-0490 used by the 61st TCS, 17th TCS, 139th TAS with skis, July 1975–April 1983; to MASDC, 1984–1985, GC-130D ground trainer, Chanute AFBIllinois, 1986–1990; When Chanute AFB closed in September 1993, it moved to the Octave Chanute Aerospace Museum (former Chanute AFBRantoul, Illinois. In July 1994, it moved to the Empire State Air MuseumSchenectady County Airport, New York, until placed on the gate at Stratton Air National Guard Base in October 1994.[74]
  • NC-130B, AF Ser. No. 57-0526 was the second B model manufactured, initially delivered as JC-130B; assigned to 6515th Organizational Maintenance Squadron for flight testing at Edwards AFB, California on 29 November 1960; turned over to 6593rd Test Squadron’s Operating Location No. 1 at Edwards AFB and spent next seven years supporting Corona Program; “J” status and prefix removed from aircraft on October 1967; transferred to 6593rd Test Squadron at Hickam AFB, Hawaii and modified for mid-air retrieval of satellites; acquired by 6514th Test Squadron at Hill AFB, Utah in Jan. 1987 and used as electronic testbed and cargo transport; aircraft retired January 1994 with 11,000+ flight hours and moved to Hill Aerospace Museum at Hill AFB by January 1994.[75]
  • C-130E, AF Ser. No. 62-1787, on display at the National Museum of the United States Air ForceWright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, was flown to the museum on 18 August 2011. One of the greatest feats of heroism during the Vietnam Warinvolved the C-130E, call sign “Spare 617”.[N 1] The C-130E attempted to airdrop ammunition to surrounded South Vietnamese forces at An Loc, Vietnam. Approaching the drop zone, Spare 617 received heavy enemy ground fire that damaged two engines, ruptured a bleed air duct in the cargo compartment, and set the ammunition on fire. Flight engineer TSgt Sanders was killed, and navigator 1st Lt Lenz and co-pilot 1st Lt Hering were both wounded. Despite receiving severe burns from hot air escaping from the damaged air bleed duct, loadmaster TSgt Shaub extinguished a fire in the cargo compartment, and successfully jettisoned the cargo pallets, which exploded in mid-air. Despite losing a third engine on final approach, pilot Capt Caldwell landed Spare 617 safely. For their actions, Caldwell and Shaub received the Air Force Cross, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor. TSgt Shaub also received the William H. Pitsenbarger Award for Heroism from the Air Force Sergeants Association.[76]
  • KC-130F, USN/USMC BuNo 149798 used in tests in October–November 1963 by the U.S. Navy for unarrestedlandings and unassisted take-offs from the carrier USS Forrestal (CV-59), it remains the record holder for largest aircraft to operate from a carrier flight deck, and carried the name “Look Ma, No Hook” during the tests. Retired to the National Museum of Naval AviationNAS Pensacola, Florida in May 2003.[77]
  • C-130G, USN/USMC BuNo 151891; modified to EC-130G, 1966, then testbed for EC-130Q TACAMO in 1981. To TC-130G in May 1990 and assigned as the U.S. Navy’s Blue Angels USMC support aircraft, serving as “Fat Albert Airlines” from 1991 to 2002. Retired to the National Museum of Naval Aviation at NAS Pensacola, Florida in November 2002.[78]
  • C-130E, AF Ser. No. 64-0525 was on display at the 82nd Airborne Division War Memorial Museum at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. The aircraft was the last assigned to the 43rd AW at Pope AFB, North Carolina prior to retirement from the USAF.[79]
  • C-130E, AF Ser. No. 69-6579 operated by the 61st TAS, 314th TAW, 50th AS, 61st AS; at Dyess AFB as maintenance trainer as GC-130E, March 1998; to Dyess AFB Linear Air Park, January 2004.[80]
  • MC-130E Combat Talon I, AF Ser. No. 64-0567, unofficially known as “Wild Thing”. It transported captured Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega in 1989 during Operation Just Cause, and participated in Operation Eagle Claw, the unsuccessful attempt to rescue U.S. hostages from Iran in 1980. Wild Thing was also the first fixed-wing aircraft to employ night-vision goggles. On display at Hurlburt Field, in Florida.[81]
  • C-130E, AF Ser. No. 69-6580 operated by the 61st TAS, 314th TAW, 317th TAW, 314th TAW, 317th TAW, 40th AS, 41st AS, 43rd AW, retired after center wing cracks were detected in April 2002; to the Air Mobility Command MuseumDover AFB, Delaware on 2 February 2004.[80]
  • C-130E, AF Ser. No. 70-1269 used by the 43rd AW and is on display at the Pope Air Park, Pope AFB, North Carolina as 2006.[82]
  • C-130H, AF Ser. No. 74-1686 used by the 463rd TAW; one of three C-130H airframes modified to YMC-130H for aborted rescue attempt of Iranian hostages, Operation Credible Sport, with rocket packages blistered onto fuselage in 1980, but these were removed after mission was canceled. Subsequent duty with the 4950th Test Wing, then donated to the Museum of Aviation at Robins AFB, Georgia, in March 1988.[83]

Specifications (C-130H)[edit]

C-130H Line Drawing.svg

A Hercules deploying flares, sometimes referred to as Angel Flaresdue to the characteristic pattern.

Cargo compartment of a Swedish Air Force C-130

Data from USAF C-130 Hercules fact sheet,[84] International Directory of Military Aircraft,[85] Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft,[86] Encyclopedia of Modern Military Aircraft[87]
General characteristics

  • Crew: five (two pilotsnavigatorflight engineer and loadmaster)
  • Capacity:
    • C-130E/H/J cargo hold: length, 40 feet (12.19 m); width, 119 inches (3.02 m); height, 9 feet (2.74 m). Rear ramp: length, 123 inches (3.12 m); width, 119 inches (3.02 m)
    • C-130J-30 cargo hold: length, 55 feet (16.76 m); width, 119 inches (3.02 m); height, 9 feet (2.74 m). Rear ramp: length, 123 inches (3.12 m); width, 119 inches (3.02 m)
    • 92 passengers or
    • 64 airborne troops or
    • 74 litter patients with 5 medical crew or
    • 6 pallets or
    • 2–3 Humvees or
    • M113 armored personnel carriers
    • CAESAR self-propelled howitzer
  • Payload: 45,000 lb (20,400 kg)
  • Length: 97 ft 9 in (29.8 m)
  • Wingspan: 132 ft 7 in (40.4 m)
  • Height: 38 ft 3 in (11.6 m)
  • Wing area: 1,745 ft2 (162.1 m2)
  • Empty weight: 75,800 lb (34,400 kg)
  • Useful load: 72,000 lb (33,000 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 155,000 lb (70,300 kg)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Allison T56-A-15 turboprops, 4,590 shp (3,430 kW) each
  • Propellers: 4 propellers
    • Propeller diameter: 13.5 ft (4.1 m)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 320 knots (366 mph, 592 km/h) at 20,000 ft (6,060 m)
  • Cruise speed: 292 kts (336 mph, 540 km/h)
  • Range: 2,050 nmi (2,360 mi, 3,800 km)
  • Service ceiling: 33,000 ft (10,060 m) empty;[88] 23,000 ft (7,077 m) with 42,000 pounds (19,090 kilograms) payload ()
  • Rate of climb: 1,830 ft/min (9.3 m/s)
  • Takeoff distance: 3,586 ft (1,093 m) at 155,000 lb (70,300 kg) max gross weight;[87] 1,400 ft (427 m) at 80,000 lb (36,300 kg) gross weight[89]

Avionics

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

Categories
Gear & Stuff

What I want for Christmas!

Dear Santa,
                   Here is a hint on one of the things I want for Christmas! I know that I am not the Best Old Boy out there. But I am not the worst either. So could I have one of these?
Please!
Thanks
Grumpy
PS Sorry about shooting at Rudolf last year. It was an accident really!

WAXED BASEBALL CAP

£21
PRODUCT CODE: 002574
Holland & Holland’s classic waxed green coloured baseball cap with the H&H embossed and the front and “Holland & Holland est. 1835” on the rear.
The baseball cap comes in one size with a metal adjustable strap.

  • Features
  • Adjustable metal strap
  • Waxed cotton finish
Categories
Gear & Stuff

The other GI's other Best Friend!

Image result for advil
No I am not talking about Advil or Drive on pills! Which is what we called them when I was in the Cav. No instead it is the……
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YES the Poncho Liner!

(Hell my Ex Wife got mine in my first divorce. She also got the house, car and a pile of money. But I do miss my Poncho liner!)

Which should tell you something. Anyways here is a much better written article about it than I could do.
Enjoy!
Grumpy
Image result for poncho liner
Image result for poncho liner

Why The Woobie Is The Greatest Military Invention Ever Fielded

on 

The poncho liner has been a staple of deployed life since it was first introduced in Vietnam, but the origin of the “Woobie” is shrouded in mystery.
 
There have been some amazing military innovations over the years: freeze-dried food for MREs, jet aircraft, rail guns, and the soul-sucking website, Army Knowledge Online.
But none of these compare to the simplest, most wonderful invention known to mankind: the poncho liner, affectionately known by all those who have felt its life-giving warmth as the “woobie.”
Ask any soldier or Marine, especially those in the infantry, how he feels about his woobie, and his eyes will light up and then mist over as he waxes lyrically over the virtues of this item.
Hard-bitten combat veterans grow poetic and wistful, declaring their love for this piece of equipment. If you don’t believe me, read the Amazon reviews. It is perhaps the single most-loved item in the armed forces.
What is it, and why does it inspire this fanatical devotion?
The “liner, wet weather, poncho” as it’s officially called, consists of two layers of nylon surrounding a polyester filling, sewn up along the sides and crosswise to ensure a very tough and durable piece of equipment.
Army logistics manuals fail to say what magic spells are cast over poncho liners when they are made to make them so efficient at trapping heat in and keeping the cold out.
They were originally produced in the 1960s, during the Vietnam War, when U.S. soldiers and Marines were engaged in jungle fighting. The troops needed a lightweight poncho to keep them relatively dry in the wet jungles and rice paddies, but also something to keep them warm during the cool nights.
Thus the poncho and poncho liner were born. While the poncho liner was almost an afterthought to the poncho, it was the liner that would steal troops’ hearts.

The distinctive three-color camouflage pattern, that until only recently was the hallmark of all poncho liners, came from using recycled camouflaged parachute material left over from World War II.
Even though the troops were wearing green fatigues, their poncho liners were of the mottled camo color. This continued even after recycled parachutes ceased to be used for the nylon covers of the poncho liners.
Perhaps some of the grit and determination from the airborne troops of World War II leaked out from their chutes into the liners. Who can say? But upon their introduction, they became a huge hit.
So why is it called a woobie? What kind of silly name is that for a piece of high-speed, military-grade equipment?
The origins of the term are lost in the mists of time, but many theories abound. One theory goes that it comes from the phrase, “Because you would be cold without it,” where “would be,” evolved into woobie.
A similar version has it called a “willbie,” because, “It will be what keeps you from freezing.”
Another theory comes from a bit of pop culture, where the term came from the 1983 Michael Keaton movie, “Mr. Mom,” in which the child calls his security blanket his woobie. Is this a case of the military mimicking pop culture or vice versa?
Perhaps we will never know. Judging from the internet comments from veterans of the 1970s and 1980s, the term did not come into being until the 1990s, after the movie came out.
Regardless, veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq have given the term credence, which is impressive, considering how silly it is.
No matter what you call it, is it really like a security blanket?
The answer is a resounding, “Hell yes!” A mere glance at veterans’ internet forums show a myriad of uses for this simple item.
It can be used as a blanket, pillow, shelter, hammock, camo hide for concealment, jacket liner, seat cushion, mattress — when you are sleeping on the ground, anything helps — and something soft to hold onto when you’re far away from home and everything’s going to … well, you know, the stuff that hits the fan.
It is remarkably resilient to extreme heat and cold, dries quickly when wet, and most importantly, can be squished up into a tiny ball that takes up barely any room in your rucksack and adds virtually no weight. I am still convinced it is magical.
Veterans often hang on to their woobies well after they leave the military, preferring to claim it as a “field loss” and pay the charges rather than turn it in.
One vet claimed his woobie had outlasted several marriages, which probably says more about the stresses of military life than it does for the woobie, although many claim that woobies go missing in divorces.
Young men in the military claim that “girls love it and think the term woobie is cute,” and so it is often used to begin a romantic relationship.
Kids love the woobie because it is light, soft, reminds them of their mom or dad, and can be used as a cape when running around pretending to be a superhero.
Many woobies get passed on through generations of veterans, with some troops deploying to Iraq or Afghanistan with their dads’ woobies from Vietnam.
Is it odd that there is so much love for such a simple item? Perhaps, but there is much in the military that might seem odd to people outside of it.
The woobie is synonymous with comfort, and after a long, wet day on patrol, there’s nothing better than to crawl into something warm, dry, and soft, and have that moment of relief.
Far from home on deployment, pulling your woobie around your shoulders gives a sense of safety that is quite often absent.
Simply put, it is the greatest thing to ever be issued by the U.S. military.
The woobie: never leave home without it.

Categories
All About Guns Gear & Stuff N.S.F.W.

The Fine & almost lost Art of Pistol Whipping

 (By the by this article is for entertainment purposes only)
Inline image 1Almost of this stuff by the way is Illegal in most areas by the  way!
Image result for really tough brawler
Let us imagine the following situation. You have entered into a vigorous discussion that has slightly degenerated into a Gun fight and you have just run out of ammo.
 At this point your fellow debater is coming at you to close the argument.Related image
What to do at this key period of your life?
  Now a lot of folks will just give up or try and run away. Which most of the times, running away is a sound idea.Image result for coward running away
But on the other hand if your ex friend has ammo still on them.Your back will make for an excellent & large target for them.
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  Or on the other hand if you can not do either of these tactical options. Then its time to find out what you are made of.
Image result for what you're made of
  Now just because you have run out of ammo does not mean that you are unarmed. Since you still have your gun. Which can still hurt somebody pretty badly.
If you know how that is.
Image result for empty revolver
  The key elements is to keep your head focused and on your primary mission. I.E. Be able to get home safe.Image result for stay calm and carry on
  Now if you decide to go down this road, There are some things that you will have to practice a bit.Image result for pistol whipping
Since I have found that muscle memory and proper training will help save your butt in a situation like this.Image result for butt strokes
  All  forms of pistol whipping consists of the following.Image result for butt strokes
Swings, thrusts & hammering.
 Swings – just like a sword or a knife. This move can make somebody move out of your way. Or if you can hit something important. Think, eyes, chin, collarbone, genitals. Hit any of those hard enough. Most Folks will then rethink their position on this debate.Image result for longsword warrior art
Just try to swing up and not down if you can help it. As a downward swing can be blocked by a quick witted personImage result for hold a two handed sword
Thrusts – This is when you take your gun and put a lot of your weight behind it. Pushing it towards your friends sternum, genitals or what ever is available at the moment.Image result for thrusting  a sword
Hammer – This is a really self explanatory phrase. In that you basically take the butt of your pistol and bring it down with as much force as you can muster.Image result for hitting with the pommel of the sword
Bottom line – If you have to do such a thing. Remember this, You are not pussy footing around any more at this stage of your life. As things have really & seriously escalated out of complete control.
  So if you launch such an attack. Go whole hog and with all of your rage. Otherwise you will lose and lose big.
Last piece of advice – If you survive this incident. get the hell out of there and get to a place of safety. Then calm down, get a good lawyer and have them handle the clean up.Image result for boston legal
  As you are probably going to jail for a while. Even if its completely justified. Image result for jail
Remember this also when in Jail. SHUT UP & TALK TO NO NONE EXCEPT YOUR LAWYER!
Image result for perry mason
Image result for johnny cochran
 Another tool of the trade which is a good thing to have on you
Dummy cords – As it is real easy to lose possession of your weapon in a brawl. Especially if your basic bad guys gets a hold of  it. You can hopefully yank it out of their hands.
Dummy cords usually come either as factory made or field expedite. They are also very cheap and a very good health insurance to have.
Inline image 1
  Now below is a couple of u Tubes that do not seem too far away from the the truth. You might want to peruse them if you have time.
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Gear & Stuff

I saw this on the Net about some Really Good looking Blades

INTRODUCTION ~ WELCOME TO SILVER STAG KNIVES
Thank you for dropping in! We hope you find our site informative and spend a few minutes learning about our company and products. Please send us a note, or give us a call at any time. We are proud of our products and enjoy discussing “knife making” with our friends.
SILVER STAG was founded in a garage by a couple of sportsmen who enjoyed turning old files and saw blades into hunting, fishing, and camping knives. The hobby turned into a business and the SILVER STAG brand was launched in 1998. Over the past 18 years, we have been extremely focused on improving our quality and selection. The company has come a long way since the “Garage Days”, and the team at SILVER STAG has worked hard to meticulously and consistently build additional value into the product line.

We have never strayed from our original hands on approach to manufacturing. Even today, SILVER STAG Knives are primarily ground, polished, assembled, shaped, and sharpened “Free Hand”. While no two finished knives will ever look exactly alike, all SILVER STAG Knives share certain features that make them extraordinary field tools. To start, the blades are designed by sportsmen and are exceptionally practical. The blades are manufactured exclusively from the highest quality domestically produced High Carbon Steel. Authentic North American antler or Stabilized Hardwoods are built into the designs. The finished knives are stunningly attractive, incredibly functional, and extremely durable. Most custom knife makers charge three to six hundred dollars for comparable products, while the majority of our product line retails in the $69 to $179 range. How can we offer such an exceptional value? By manufacturing large, same style runs we gain production efficiencies that cannot be duplicated in a small custom shop. In summary, the team at SILVER STAG has taken a step back in time when high quality tools were handmade by proud Americans dedicated to producing quality products at a fair price.
We were honored to receive the 2016 Friends of the NRA Knife of the Year, National Wild Turkey Federation Knife of the Year, and the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation Banquet Knife of the Year programs. Please support these great nonprofit industry organizations that work tirelessly to protect our heritage, freedom, and conservation efforts. Exclusive Limited Edition SILVER STAG Designs can be purchased through their local banquet programs. Please click on the following website links to find a banquet near you.

PRODUCT LINE SUMMARY

​The SILVER STAG Product line is made up of over 60 different blade designs that range from 2” to over 21” in length. Every design is categorized into one of ten series, and each series is categorized by the steel, antler, and construction method used in the manufacturing process. These Series are; CROWNDAMASCUSTOOL STEEL,SLABELK STICKPOINTSCRIMSHAWPOCKETCHUCK WAGON, and SWORD.

​To thank our loyal customers for their multiple purchases, we have recently added an “Exclusive Factory Direct Purchase Program”. This program will feature Limited Editions, production over-runs, and excess inventory specials. The Limited Edition Knives will be manufactured in 15 to 50 unit production runs and each style will be numbered in their production sequence. Once these Limited Edition styles are gone, they will never be manufactured again. The Production over runs, excess inventory, and discontinued styles will be offered at an exceptional value. This is a great way to collect SILVER STAG Knives at a very affordable cost. Please check the web site periodically for updates.

IF YOU DON’T WANT TO PURCHASE ONLINE – PLEASE CALL US DIRECT AT 1-888-233-7824
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Gear & Stuff Uncategorized Well I thought it was funny!

Been there, Seen that!

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