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.357 Magnum

This is one of my favorite rounds as it has a better track record at least for me of hitting the target than the 45 ACP or the 44 Magnum.
Anyways here is part of its story!

.357 Magnum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
.357 Magnum
357 Magnum.jpg

.357 Magnum ammunition
Type Handgun / Carbine
Place of origin United States
Production history
Designer Elmer Keith, Phillip B. Sharpe
Designed 1934
Introduced 1935
Specifications
Parent case .38 Special
Case type Rimmed (R), straight
Bullet diameter .357 in (9.1 mm)
Neck diameter .379 in (9.6 mm)
Base diameter .379 in (9.6 mm)
Rim diameter .440 in (11.2 mm)
Rim thickness .060 in (1.5 mm)
Case length 1.29 in (33 mm)
Overall length 1.59 in (40 mm)
Case capacity 26.2 gr H2O (1.70 cm3)
Primer type Revolvers
Maximum pressure 35,000 psi (241 MPa)[1][2]
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
125 gr (8 g) JHP Federal 1,450 ft/s (440 m/s) 583 ft·lbf (790 J)
125 gr (8 g) JHP Buffalo Bore Heavy 1,700 ft/s (520 m/s) 802 ft·lbf (1,087 J)
158 gr (10 g) JHP Federal 1,240 ft/s (380 m/s) 539 ft·lbf (731 J)
158 gr (10 g) JHP Buffalo Bore Heavy 1,475 ft/s (450 m/s) 763 ft·lbf (1,034 J)
180 gr (12 g) LFN Buffalo Bore Heavy 1,400 ft/s (430 m/s) 783 ft·lbf (1,062 J)
Test barrel length: 4 in (102 mm) (vented)
Source(s): Federal,[3] DoubleTap Ammunition[4]

The .357 S&W Magnum (9×33mmR), or simply .357 Magnum, is a revolver cartridge with a .357-inch (9.07 mm) bullet diameter.
It was created by Elmer Keith, Phillip B. Sharpe,[5] and D. B. Wesson[5] of firearms manufacturers Smith & Wesson and Winchester.[6][7]
It is based upon Smith & Wesson’s earlier .38 Special cartridge. The .357 Magnum cartridge was introduced in 1934, and its use has since become widespread. This cartridge started the “Magnum era” of handgun ammunition.[8]
The .357 Magnum cartridge is notable for its highly effective terminal ballistics when used for hunting or defense.

Design

Marlin Model 1894C – a carbine in .357 Magnum that is a companion to revolvers.

 
The .357 Magnum was collaboratively developed over a period in the early to mid-1930s by a group of individuals in a direct response to Colt’s .38 Super Automatic.
At the time, the .38 Super was the only American pistol cartridge capable of defeating automobile cover and the early ballistic vests that were just beginning to emerge in the post-World War IGangster Era.”[6][citation needed]
Tests at the time revealed that those vests defeated any handgun bullet traveling less than about 1,000 feet per second (300 m/s). Colt’s .38 Super Automatic just edged over that velocity and was able to penetrate car doors and vests that bootleggers and gangsters were employing as cover.[9]
Though .38 and .357 would seem to be different diameter chamberings, they are in fact identical, as 0.357 inches (9.07 mm) is the true bullet diameter of the .38 Special cartridge.
The .38 Special nomenclature relates to the previous use of heeled bullets (such as the .38 Short Colt), which were the same diameter as the case. Thus, the only external difference in the two cartridges is a slight difference in length, solely for safety purposes.[citation needed]
Much credit for the .357’s early development is given to hunter and experimenter Elmer Keith. Keith’s early work in loading the .38 Special to increasingly higher-pressure levels was made possible by the availability of heavy, target-shooting-oriented revolvers like the Smith & Wesson .38-44 “Heavy Duty” and “Outdoorsman”, .38-caliber revolvers built on .44-caliber frames.
The .38-44 HV load used the .38-Special cartridge loaded to a much higher velocity than standard .38-Special ammunition. The .38-44 revolvers were made by using a .44 Special size gun with the barrel bored to accept .357-caliber bullets (the true bullet diameter of the .38 Special) and the cylinder bored to accept .3801–.3809-inch-diameter (9.65–9.67 mm) cartridges (where the name “38 Special” originated).
Since the frame, cylinder, and barrel were much stronger than the standard .38 Special components, it was capable of withstanding much higher pressures. The .38-44 HV round, while no longer available, was in most cases the equal of the later .357 Magnum, which works at more than double the pressure of standard .38 Special.
The .357 Magnum addresses the safety issues which earlier cartridges had by lengthening the case by approximately 18 inch (3.2 mm), preventing the high-pressure .357 cartridge from chambering (fitting) in a firearm designed for the shorter, lower-pressure .38 Special.[10]
Elmer Keith also contributed the Keith-style bullet, which increased the mass of bullet located outside the cartridge case, while leaving more room inside the case for powder.
The Keith bullet also employed a large, flat meplat, thus enabling rapid energy transfer for greater wounding properties.
At the same time, this bullet design does not deform like a hollow point, and as a result achieves greater penetration. These characteristics of the Keith bullet make it very suitable for hunting applications as well as for target shooting.

Two .357 Magnum cartridges showing bottom and side views.

 
In order to reassert itself as the leading law-enforcement armament provider, Smith & Wesson developed the .357 Magnum, with D. B. Wesson leading the effort within Smith & Wesson, along with considerable technical assistance from Phillip B. Sharpe, a member of the Technical Division staff of the National Rifle Association.
The new round was developed from Smith & Wesson’s existing .38 Special round. It used a different powder load, and ultimately the case was extended by 18 inch (3.2 mm). The case extension was more a matter of safety than of necessity.
Because the .38 Special and the early experimental .357 Magnum cartridges loaded by Keith were identical in physical attributes, it was possible to load an experimental .357 Magnum cartridge into a .38 Special revolver, with potentially disastrous results.
Smith & Wesson’s solution, of extending the case slightly, made it impossible to chamber the magnum-power round in a gun not designed for the additional pressure.[6]
However, both .38 Special and .357 Magnum will chamber in Colt New Army revolvers in .38 Long Colt, due to the straight-walled chambers, but this should not be done under any circumstances, due to dangerous pressure levels, up to three times what the New Army is designed to withstand.
The choice of bullet for the .357 Magnum cartridge varied during its development. During the development at Smith & Wesson, the original Keith bullet was modified slightly, to the form of the Sharpe bullet, which itself was based upon the Keith bullet.
But which had 5/6 of the bearing surface of the Keith bullet, Keith bullets typically being made oversized and sized down. Winchester, however, upon experimenting further during the cartridge development, modified the Sharpe-bullet shape slightly, while keeping the Sharpe contour of the bullet.
The final choice of bullet was hence based upon the earlier Keith and Sharpe bullets, while additionally having slight differences from both.[11]

Performance[edit]

The .357 IMI Desert Eagle, one of the few semi-automatic pistols that fire the .357 Magnum cartridge.

This cartridge is regarded by many as an excellent hunting, metallic silhouette and self-defense round.
With proper loadings it can also be effective against large or dangerous game, such as bear and ungulates, however many consider the larger magnum calibers to be more appropriate such as the .500 Smith & Wesson.50 Action Express.44 Magnum.454 Casull.41 Magnum as well as other larger magnum rounds.
Comparatively, the .357 Magnum has less energy than the larger magnum revolver loadings but is smaller in diameter with high velocity allowing for excellent penetration properties.
It is a fine small- and medium-game round and is sufficient to hunt deer at reasonable ranges if suitable loadings are used by a competent marksman.
For further comparison, the .357 Magnum has a higher velocity at 100 yards (91 m) than its parent .38 Special has at the muzzle.[12]
The 357 Magnum’s effectiveness on game is similar to that of the .45 Colt, but with a much flatter trajectory due to its higher velocity. It is a very versatile cartridge, and can be used with success for self-defense, plinking, hunting, or target shooting.[13]
Revolvers chambered in .357 Magnum have the significant advantage of also being able to chamber and fire the shorter and less-powerful .38 Special cartridge.
Compared to the .357 Magnum, .38 Special is also lower in cost, recoil, noise, and muzzle flash. The ability to also fire the .38 Special makes .357 revolvers ideal for novice shooters who are not yet used to firing full-strength .357 loads but do not want the expense of buying a second lower-powered gun to train with.
However, .38 Special ammunition should not generally be used with any .357 semi automatic handgun or rifle, since such firearms require the larger recoil produced by firing a .357 Magnum round to cycle properly.
It has also become popular as a “dual-use” cartridge in short, light rifles like the American Old West lever-actions. In a rifle, the bullet will exit the barrel at about 1,800 feet per second (550 m/s).
Making it far more versatile than the .30 Carbineor the .32-20 Winchester. In the 1930s, it was found to be very effective against steel car doors and ballistic vests, and metal-penetrating rounds were once popular in the United States among highway patrol and other police organizations.
The .357 revolver has been largely replaced by modern, high-capacity semi-automatic pistols for police use, but is still very popular for backup gun use, and among outdoorsmen, security guards, and civilians for hunting, metallic silhouette, target shooting and self-defense.
The 9mm Winchester Magnum. Which is also known as the 9×29mm, was developed to duplicate the performance of the .357 Magnum in a semi-automatic pistol, [15] as was the 357 SIG cartridge.
Some common performance parameters are shown in the table below for several .357 Magnum loads. Bullet weights ranging from 110 to 180 grains (7.1 to 11.7 g) are common. The 125 grains (8.1 g) jacketed hollow point loads are popular for self-defense, whereas the heavier loads are commonly used for hunting.[citation needed]
Loads are available with energies from about 400-700 foot pounds of muzzle energy and can be selected for various applications based on desired use and risk assessments.

Manufacturer Load Mass Velocity Energy Expansion Penetration PC[16] TSC[16]
American Quik-Shok JHP 125 gr (8.1 g) 1,409 ft/s (429.5 m/s) 551 ft·lbf (747.1 J) fragment 9.0 in (228.6 mm) 2.7 cu in (44.2 cm3) 47.5 cu in (778.4 cm3)
ATOMIC Ammunition Bonded Match Hollow Point 158 gr (10.2 g) 1,350 ft/s (411.5 m/s) 640 ft·lbf (867.7 J) 0.71 in (18.0 mm) 15 in (381.0 mm) X X
Double Tap Gold Dot JHP 125 gr (8.1 g) 1,600 ft/s (487.7 m/s) 711 ft·lbf (964.0 J) 0.69 in (17.5 mm) 12.75 in (323.8 mm) 4.8 cu in (78.7 cm3) 69.3 cu in (1,135.6 cm3) (est)
Federal Classic JHP 125 gr (8.1 g) 1,450 ft/s (442.0 m/s) 584 ft·lbf (791.8 J) 0.65 in (16.5 mm) 12.0 in (304.8 mm) 4.0 cu in (65.5 cm3) 79.8 cu in (1,307.7 cm3)
Remington Golden Saber JHP 125 gr (8.1 g) 1,220 ft/s (371.9 m/s) 413 ft·lbf (560.0 J) 0.60 in (15.2 mm) 13.0 in (330.2 mm) 3.7 cu in (60.6 cm3) 30.4 cu in (498.2 cm3)
Remington Semiwadcutter 158 gr (10.2 g) 1,235 ft/s (376.4 m/s) 535 ft·lbf (725.4 J) 0.36 in (9.1 mm) 27.5 in (698.5 mm) 2.8 cu in (45.9 cm3) 12.9 cu in (211.4 cm3)
Winchester Silvertip JHP 145 gr (9.4 g) 1,290 ft/s (393.2 m/s) 536 ft·lbf (726.7 J) 0.65 in (16.5 mm) 14.3 in (363.2 mm) 4.7 cu in (77.0 cm3) 33.7 cu in (552.2 cm3)

Key:
Expansion – expanded bullet diameter (ballistic gelatin).
Penetration – penetration depth (ballistic gelatin).
PC – permanent cavity volume (ballistic gelatin, FBI method).
TSC – temporary stretch cavity volume (ballistic gelatin).

Comparison

Colt Pythons in 8″ and 6″ barrels

1956 made Colt “357” Magnum

The .357 Magnum was a direct competitor with the .38 Super.
In terms of accuracy, the .357 Magnum has at least the same potential for precision shooting as the benchmark .38 Special wadcutter round—indeed. A good .357 Magnum revolver will shoot .38 Special wadcutter ammunition with good results.
It is this accuracy and power, and the versatility of also being capable of using less-expensive, milder .38 Special ammunition, that makes a .357 Magnum revolver an excellent gun for many different disciplines, from 20 yards’ (18 m) precision shooting to long-range falling-plate events.
It is an excellent round for those considering handloading ammunition, as it is economical and consistently performs well.
The .357 Magnum was developed from the earlier .38 Special. This was possible because the .38 Special was originally designed to use black powder, which requires two to five times as much powder, by weight, to produce the same velocity with the same bullet as does the much-more-efficient smokeless powder.
Thus the .38 Special has a relatively large bullet case. The 9×19mm Parabellumwas introduced the same year (1902) but was originally designed for smokeless powder, and for higher pressures (~39,200 psi (270 MPa)).[citation needed]
It therefore produces considerably more energy than the .38, despite its case having less than half the powder capacity. Many 38 Special loads use the same powders, in similar charge weights.
But because the case is so much larger, light-target loads with fast-burning powders may only fill the case perhaps 1/8 full.
Filling the case with slower-burning powders produces much more power, but also much more pressure; far too much pressure for older, smaller-frame revolvers chambered in .38 Special.
It was to accommodate these high-pressure, high-power loads that the longer .357 Magnum, together with the stronger revolvers designed to handle it, were developed.
The .357 SIG that was developed in 1994 was named “357” to highlight its purpose: to duplicate the performance of 125-grain (8.1 g) .357 Magnum loads fired from 4-inch-barreled (100 mm) revolvers, in a cartridge designed to be used in a semi-automatic pistol.

Synonyms[edit]

  • .357 Mag
  • .357 S&W Magnum
  • 9×33mmR (Europe)

See also[edit]

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All About Guns

Harper Ferry U.S. Hall Patent Model 1819 Breechloading Percussion, Plum 32 ¾” Single Shot Rifle, MFD 1831 Antique .52 Cap & Ball

Harper Ferry U.S. Hall Patent Model 1819 Breechloading Percussion, Plum 32 ¾” - Single Shot Rifle, MFD 1831 Antique .52 Cap & Ball - Picture 7
Harper Ferry U.S. Hall Patent Model 1819 Breechloading Percussion, Plum 32 ¾” - Single Shot Rifle, MFD 1831 Antique .52 Cap & Ball - Picture 8

Harper Ferry U.S. Hall Patent Model 1819 Breechloading Percussion, Plum 32 ¾” - Single Shot Rifle, MFD 1831 Antique .52 Cap & Ball - Picture 10

 

One strange looking rifle!

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Something for the Jocks out there


U.S. Army Prototype Anti-Armor Hand Grenade from 1973 – A Shaped Charge Packed in a Hollowed-Out NERF Football !

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The Ithaca 37 Shotgun

Image result for Ithaca Model 37S
 
Image result for Ithaca Model 37S
While I was pretending to be a Soldier in Mr. Reagan’s Army. I was very briefly issued one of these great shotguns.Image result for Ithaca Model 37S
Latter on in the “Real World”. I was lucky enough to shoot a couple of series of Trap with one. Where I found it to be a great handling gun. Inline image 1
My only complaint is that I can never find one for sale at a reasonable price. But I know that my day will come!
Here is some more information about this great Scattergun! Thanks for everything!                                                     Grumpy

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Preview YouTube video Ithaca Model 37 DS Police Special 12 gauge shotgun

Preview YouTube video Ithaca Model 37 12 Gauge Pump Chapter 2

 

Ithaca 37

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ithaca Model 37
Ithaca 37.jpg

Ithaca 37
Type Shotgun
Place of origin United States
Service history
Wars World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
1989 attack on La Tablada barracks
Production history
Designer John Browning
Designed 1933
Manufacturer Ithaca Gun Company
Industrias Marcati
Produced 1937—present
Variants Bataan Modelo 71
Specifications
Weight Varies
Length 760mm-1006mm
Barrel length 13 inches (330 mm) to
30 inches (760 mm)

Cartridge 12, 16, 20, or 28 gauge
Barrels plain
ribbed
rifled
Action manually operated, pump-action
Feed system 4, 5, or 7-round tubular magazine(riot, standard, and extended tube versions)

The Ithaca 37 is a pump-action shotgun made in large numbers for the civilian, military, and police markets. It utilizes a novel combination ejection/loading port on the bottom of the gun which leaves the sides closed to the elements. Since shotshells load and eject from the bottom, operation of the gun is equally convenient for both right and left hand shooters. This makes the gun popular with left-handed shooters. The model 37 is considered one of the most durable and reliable shotguns ever produced.

History

The Ithaca 37 is based on a 1915 patent by the famous firearms designer John Browning, initially marketed as the Remington Model 17. The Model 17 was a 20-gauge of trim proportions, which Remington later redesigned and refined into the popular side-ejecting Remington Model 31. The Model 31 would eventually be replaced in production by the Remington 870 which was less expensive to manufacture.
Following the First World War, the Ithaca Gun Company was searching for a pump-action shotgun to produce, primarily to compete with the ubiquitous Winchester Model 1912. They settled on waiting for Remington Model 17 patents to expire. After gearing for production of the Ithaca Model 33, they discovered a Pedersen patent that would not expire until 1937; along with the introduction date, they changed the model designation from 33 to 37.
With the depression dragging on and war looming on the horizon, it was possibly the worst time to introduce a sporting arm. Many sporting arms ceased production entirely during the same period. While Ithaca did produce some shotguns for military use during the war, they also produced M1911 pistols and M3 Grease Guns.
After WW-II, Ithaca resumed production of the Model 37. Made in many different models, the Ithaca 37 has the longest production run for a pump-action shotgun in history, surpassing that of the Winchester Model 12 that had originally inspired Ithaca to produce pump-action shotguns. Ithaca has suffered many setbacks in its history, changing hands numerous times. At one time, the Ithaca 37 was renamed the Model 87, although it was soon changed back in one of many ownership changes. Production paused in 2005 when Ithaca once again changed hands. Production has resumed in Upper Sandusky, Ohio.

Users

The model 37 was used by the United States armed forces in World War 2, the Korean War, and especially the Vietnam War, where it gained a great reputation for reliability in the jungles of Vietnam. The largest single users outside the US Military were the New York City Police Department in 2 versions- 13″ barrel with forend hand-strap for the Emergency Service Unit and 18″ barrel for the Highway Patrol and the Los Angeles Police Department. Along with the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, numerous other users include military, police, security agencies, and prisons around the world. The Ithaca 37 remains a popular choice among civilians for both sport and personal protection. The model 37 featherlight was commonly seen in the hands of farmers and hunters in the Midwestern United States.

Operation

Loading the Ithaca 37 involves inserting shotshells of the proper gauge through the loading/ejection port in the bottom of the receiver and pushing them forward into the magazine until retained by the shell stop. The slide release is pressed and the slide retracted completely then pushed forward. Pulling the trigger fires the gun and releases the slide for reloading. On most models up to 1975, a second sear was installed that would drop the hammer as soon the gun went into battery if the trigger was in a depressed condition. Thus, holding the trigger down allowed the gun to fire the instant a new round is cycled into the chamber without requiring the trigger to be released; this feature was called “slam-fire”. Otherwise, the model 37 operates in much the same way as other pump-action shotguns.

Versions

There are versions too numerous to mention. Here are some popular models:

  • S-prefix: were manufactured for a 1962 United States military contract. S-prefixed serial numbers ran from approximately 1,000 to 23,000 with “U.S.” on the receiver and “P” proof markings on the barrel and receiver. The guns have a Parkerized finish with a 20 inches (51 cm) barrel and plain stock with plastic butt plate and no sling swivels. A few later contracts produced smaller numbers of guns with sling swivels and serial numbers in the high 900,000 range. Some had “duckbill spreader” shot diverters for use by United States Navy SEALs. Others were fitted with a ventilated handguard and bayonet adopter. New bayonets were manufactured by General Cutlery, Inc. and Canada Arsenal, Ltd.[1]
  • Ultralite: an aluminum receiver variation.
  • Deerslayer: a version with a shortened barrel and rifle-style sighting system.
  • DSPS: for Deerslayer Police Special. A military and police version
  • Stakeout: short version with a 13 inches (330 mm) barrel and pistol grip stock, which was notable for being the signature weapon for Ricardo TubbsPhilip Michael Thomas‘ character on Miami Vice as well as being the secondary weapon of Corporal Hicks in Aliens (although it was technically a modified hunting variant) and Aliens: Colonial Marines, where it has the words “no fate” carved into the top, a reference to Michael Biehn‘s role in The Terminator.
  • 28 Gauge: 28 gauge model built on traditional size 28 gauge receiver.[2]
  • Defense: an affordable 12 or 20 gauge model built for home defense purposes. 18.5″ barrel with 5-round capacity or 20″ barrel with 8-round capacity.

Argentine variants

The Argentine firm Industrias Marcati manufactured the Ithaca 37 under licence as the Bataan Modelo 71

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Hard Nosed Folks Both Good & Bad

Death Of A Pistol Pioneer

by J. Scott Rupp   |  September 24th, 2010 0 Comments

The Leatherslap competition led Jack Weaver to develop his namesake stance. Prior to that, there was a lot more missing than hitting at Leatherslap. (That’s Jeff Cooper peering out from the hay bale behind Weaver.)

As the story goes, the late Col. Jeff Cooper and a bunch of like-minded shooters were participating in Cooper’s Leatherslap competition back in the late 1950s–shooting from the hip as they blazed away at balloons less than 10 feet away. They missed. A lot.
Then along came Jack Weaver, a Los Angeles County deputy sheriff.
“Most of the talk was about how fast different contestants were; ‘hundredths of a second’ seemed very important,” Weaver, referring to the first Leatherslap in 1956, wrote in the February 1994 issue of Handguns. “Nobody ever mentioned accuracy–that problem was somehow going to take care of itself, like all the Westerns on TV during that time.”
Weaver set out to find a better way, and when he showed up at Leatherslap the following year, he tried point-shooting with two hands on the gun, which he extended about 1.5 feet from his stomach.
“It worked pretty good in practice but was a complete flop at the contest.…A short time later I discovered that if I tilted my head down a little and brought the gun up a foot higher, I could see the sights. Eureka–something that worked every time and was still pretty fast!”
The following year, Weaver won Leatherslap and won a lot of converts as well. It wasn’t long before everybody was using what became known as the Weaver Stance–shooting with a two-handed grip in which the firing hand pushes forward as the support hand, which is wrapped around the firing hand, pulls back.
At the time, though, the inventor himself hadn’t really given the details a whole lot of consideration.
“No thought was given to foot position, recoil control or pushing with one hand and pulling with the other,” Weaver wrote. “I found out all kinds of things about myself that I didn’t know until I read them in gun magazines.…I had to go out and fire a few rounds to see if I really did push the right and pull the left arm–sure enough!”

Weaver’s two-handed, shoot-with-sights style was adopted by both Jeff Cooper for the Modern Technique and embraced by the FBI.

Col. Cooper was so impressed with the Weaver Stance that he made it one of the foundations of his famed Modern Technique. The FBI was so impressed that in 1982 it embraced his technique after an in-depth study of handgun shooting, calling it the “quickest ‘on target’ technique with first-hit capability, as well as having the weapon remain on target after recoil.”
“The important thing is the hand position on the gun (no wrist grabbing or palm-under-the-hand stuff),” Weaver wrote in Handguns. “I put my left thumb over my right and squeeze tighter with my left (weak) and than the right…The rest is up to the individual. Unless you are a Jack Weaver clone, you can’t be expected to do everything exactly like I do.”
Weaver never sought fame nor glory, never sold videos, never wrote books, which in a way is a shame because as a pioneer of combat shooting it seems he could have taught us so much. But at least we can pass on this little pearl of wisdom from his 1994 letter to the magazine:
“So, my free advice is: Practice, experiment, shoot in competition, stick to one gun, one style (no last-second decisions) and don’t wait until you’re in a shootout to find out what works and what doesn’t.”
The father of the Weaver Stance died at his Carson City, Nevada, home last April. He was 80 years old.
Image result for Jack Weaver (1 November 1928 – 7 April 2009)

Read more: http://www.handgunsmag.com/tactics-training/tactics_training_hg_deathofa_-200909/#ixzz55B28AzNl
____________________________________
Jack Weaver (1 November 1928 – 7 April 2009) was a Los Angeles County Deputy Sheriffand the developer of the Weaver stance, a popular shooting stance for firing handguns.[1]

Biography[edit]

Weaver was born on November 1, 1928 in South Gate, California. He was the second youngest in a family of five children. Weaver briefly attended Glendale Community Collegebut left when he was drafted into the U.S. Army. It was around this time that he met Joy Moniot, whom he married on Aug. 30, 1952, in Glendale, California.
He was a member of the L.A. County Sheriff’s Pistol Team, along with Ray Chapman[2] and several other world class shooters. In 1955, the team and individuals won the national championships at the Toledo, OH combat range using both one and two handed stances. The team defended the trophy for most of the following decade at practice matches in preparation for the National Pistol Matches, held shortly thereafter at Camp Perry, OH.
Weaver retired from the L.A. County Sheriff’s department in 1979, and resided near Carson City, Nevada until his death.

Weaver stance[edit]

The Weaver stance was developed by Jack Weaver in 1959 to compete in Jeff Cooper’s “Leatherslap” matches.[3] The stance, which incorporates a two-handed grip, isometrictension to reduce muzzle flip, and aimed fire using the weapon’s sights, was adopted in 1982 as the official shooting style of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ Jack Weaver Remembered Retrieved on July 23, 2009
  2. Jump up^ About Ray Chapman Retrieved on September 4, 2014
  3. Jump up^ Death Of A Pistol Pioneer Retrieved on July 23, 2009
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Anti Civil Rights ideas & "Friends" California Well I thought it was funny!

Your Guide To Being A Snowflake

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Preview YouTube video ICYMI: It’s ok to be offended by anything and everything in 2018

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Our Federal Tax Dollars at work!

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What a Stud!!!

Japanese sergeant major uses body to shield soldiers from volcanic debris, gets killed himself


Fearless hero saved lives in exchange for his own during recent Mt. Kusatsu-Shirane eruption.
Volcanic eruptions in Japan have claimed the lives of people before, sometimes inescapably, and sometimes because they should’ve evacuated instead of staying to take pictures. But other times when Mother Nature rears her terrifying head, there just isn’t enough time to react.
A Japan Ground Self-Defence Force (JGSDF) unit was carrying out ski training on the snowy slopes of Mt. Kusatsu-Shirane in Gunma Prefecture on 23 January when it erupted, spewing out projectile rocks at blinding speeds.
▼ Incredible places of beauty,
snowy mountains can be also extremely deadly.

Sergeant Major Takayuki Izawa and his soldiers immediately took refuge in a small grove of trees while rocks continued raining down from the sky. Seeing that the leaves of trees did little to cushion debris impact, Izawa used his body as a shield to protect his comrades.
A rock that would have hurtled straight into the group struck Izawa squarely in the back instead, critically injuring the sergeant major. It wasn’t long before help arrived, but the wound was grave and he was heard saying that his lungs hurt.
Izawa then suffered cardiac arrest and passed away while being transported to a hospital.
▼ The heartbreaking news, presented here
in this tweet, shocked netizens.

【部下に覆いかぶさり背中に噴石直撃…死亡陸曹長】
訓練中、一番、守らなければいけない隊員を守る。それが自衛隊。
仮に8人のグループなら、その中で一番技量の劣る隊員のレベルがそのグループのレベルになる。リーダーは、その隊員を守りながらその隊員の技量を高めますhttp://news.livedoor.com/article/detail/14209779/ 

噴火で死亡した自衛隊員 部下に覆いかぶさり背中に噴石が直撃

今回の噴火で死亡した陸上自衛隊第12旅団第12ヘリコプター隊の伊沢隆行陸曹長(49)が、部下の隊員をかばって噴石の直撃を受けていたことが25日、関係者への取材でわかった。一方、陸自と群馬県は同日、

news.livedoor.com

According to his friends, Izawa worked in JGSDF for over 20 years before retiring five years ago to study to be a chiropractic in Aomori Prefecture. It seemed he couldn’t stay away from the duties of protecting his nation for long though, as he decided to re-enlist in 2017.
His teacher described the sergeant major as a very motivated and passionate student, while others thought of him as a person who was always smiling, putting everyone around him at ease.
Japanese netizens were greatly saddened by the passing of a brave hero who placed his comrades’ safety before his:

“I’ll pray for his soul. To the comrades he fought to protect, please live life to your fullest. The Self-Defence Force is the pride of Japan.”
“It’s really noble to sacrifice your life to save others. The JGSDF just lost one of their most outstanding soldiers. I’ll pray for you, may you rest in peace.”
“My heart burns with pride knowing that our people are protected by someone as great as him.”

Soldiers of the JGSDF undergo intense training to protect Japan, a duty that Sergeant Major Takayuki Izawa carried out to the best of his ability. His presence will not only be missed by those he sought to protect, but by everyone he shared his life with.
Source: Livedoor NewsSankei News via Hachima Kiko
Top image: Pakutaso
Insert image: Pakutaso

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All About Guns N.S.F.W.

Women with their act together!



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Gun Info for Rookies

HOW TO PROPERLY FIRE A GUN

Now that we know a little about gun sights and how to use them, we should discuss the rest of the steps of firing a shot and what your resulting group on paper will tell you. Combined with the first article on sight picture, and a planned article on sight adjustment, this will explain the fundamentals of shooting accurately at close distances. This, in turn, will lead to discussion of shooting positions, and, ultimately, ballistics.

Respiration and its effects on accuracy

One of the more important things to understand about accurate shooting, whether it be pistols or rifles, is that you cannot hold sights on target continuously. Two things prevent you from doing that, and those are that your muscles get tired, and your breathing will mess you up.
I teach rifle shooting as one of my hobbies, and, paradoxically, it is often the young guys, in shape, who also think they know how to shoot, that end up getting out shot by their less physically strong and less experienced wives, girlfriends, or kids. The dudes try to muscle the rifle onto the target, instead of using something commonly called natural point of aim, which abbreviates to NPOA.
Although the discussion is incomplete without explaining shooting positions in depth, the idea behind NPOA is, when you are in a shooting position (prone, seated, or standing), the rifle will point somewhere naturally. This is most easily seen if you shoulder a rifle, and close your eyes. Breathe a couple times, then open them, and notice that the rifle is NOT where you left it on the target.

Establishing NPOA

The novice will quickly move the rifle with his arms where it needs to go, and wonder why his groups are inconsistent. This is because muscle control is not precise, especially over time as you get tired. The trick is to not move your arms, but to move your body. It is best explained by a question posed to a WWII fighter pilot of “how do you aim the guns?” by a young boy. The answer: “You don’t aim the guns; you aim the plane.” The rifle and your body is a unit, move them together to stay reliably on target.
The second concept is breathing. Every marksmanship coach has their thing; the programs I teach come from the old Army shooting courses, which is now only done by the Marine Corps. The key concept here is repeatability. You can’t hold your breath, low oxygen will ruin your shooting, and the act of breathing will move your sights as your diaphragm moves. You want to fire at the end of a breath. Breath normally, exhale normally and completely, and squeeze the trigger at the end of the exhalation, during that 3 to 5 second window before you need to breathe again.

This is called “Rifleman’s Cadence” and is what “rapid fire” actually is. Once you have your position and NPOA dialed in, you should be able to fire one accurate shot (later, more) per breath, on a target, at any range, and continue until you run out of ammo, or need to switch targets.

Focus

Riflery is a Zen sport. You lie on the ground, control your breathing, and get into the zone where it’s just you, your weapon, and your target.  You must have two kinds of focus here, with the first being mental. Don’t worry about other things, concentrate on good shooting.

Even if Massad Ayoob himself uncorks a compact .44 in the lane next to you, focus on YOUR shooting.

The second focus is visual. If you are shooting an iron sighted rifle, you need to focus your eye on the front sight. Not the back sight, and not the target. The back sight exists to frame the front sight, and the target is there, and you can’t move it. The only thing you can move is the front sight, and that is what you should focus your eyes upon.

The target is blurry, the rear sight is blurry, but the front sight is in focus. This works for pistols and rifles.

Scopes are both harder and easier. Sometimes, you can focus on both the crosshair and the target, but you need to prioritize the crosshair. Often, you can see your bullet holes, and you can over exaggerate your sight movement at high power, so your target shooting should be done at lowest power on a scope so you don’t chase your bullet holes of previous shots, or get overly concerned with the sights movement and “fuss the shot.”

Trigger control

Most people, misinformed by Hollywood, think that you yank the trigger and it will result in an accurate shot. There are only two times I can think of to punch a trigger, with the first being wing shooting (clay pigeons and skeet and dove hunting, etc) which is a totally different style of shooting, and the second being close range shooting where you are under a time crunch to send lead down range, and a little bit of disruption to your aim by punching the trigger can be afforded. However, many excellent shooters can shoot very fast with good trigger control.
Triggers are a mixed bag, and most stock triggers on budget rifles are bad, but that shouldn’t stop anyone from shooting poorly when they know what they are doing. There are a few terms we should know about triggers. Take-up is the slack in the trigger from its at-rest position until you feel decent resistance.

If it’s a one stage trigger, that resistance after the take-up will “break” at a certain force (usually measured in pounds over here, kilograms elsewhere), and the sear will be released and the hammer or striker will actuate. If it’s a two stage trigger, there will be a lighter force first section, and a stronger second section before the trigger breaks. I tend to think single stage triggers are more for match shooting, and two stage triggers are more for duty/combat work.
Overtravel is when a trigger breaks, but keeps going past that spot, and it can be adjusted out with stop screws and internal work. Sear reset is when you release the trigger after the shot, and the sear resets itself to shoot again. (Full auto guns work differently in that area.) Creep is when you put the amount of force needed to break the trigger on it, but it moves further before breaking, instead of breaking “like a glass rod.” Lastly, roughness in the mechanism is often compared to being gritty.
When firing, you want to press the trigger through its take-up before you fire, and apply some force (either enough to get to the second stage or not enough to break the first stage if it’s a single stage) and keep it there. As you cycle your breath, and the sights come back on the target, apply the last amount of force and break the shot.

Once the shot goes off, you must do two things. Firstly, you must follow through. A golfer does not stop his swing after he hits the ball, he goes all the way. You should not reflexively let go of the trigger, either, for two reasons. The first is that it can actually disrupt your aim, even though the bullet is mostly gone down the barrel, and the second is that you do not need to fully release the trigger to shoot again. If you hold the trigger down after a shot, and release it slowly, the gun will make a click when you reset the sear, and that’s all you need to do. This saves you time on the next shots.
The second thing you must do is call your shot. You must know where the sights are when the shot goes off, and you must be able to call fliers, which are off target shots due to bad aim. If you know you threw a flier out of a group of five, and know it went high left, when you go down to the target, you know to discount the one high and left, knowing that it’s not the gun that did that.

Shot group analysis

In the first article, we covered sight alignment and sight picture. We just discussed breathing, focus, firing the shot, and follow through. Doing this properly, with a good position and sling use (look for these in future articles), will result in good groups.
A group is your collection of holes from the amount of rounds you fired into the target. These should be shot in a string in cadence, and are usually five shots. What we are going to concentrate on now is the shape of group, and not where it is on the target. The size and shape of the group is on you, the shooter. Where the group is on the target is on the rifle, and you fix that by sight adjustment, which will be the next article in this three part series, but the takeaway point here is that you must fix your shooting before you fix the sights, otherwise you won’t know how to fix them.

I will cover the most common group errors I see on firing lines.
Wide open group: This group has rounds all over the place, and it means that the shooter does not have a solid shooting position, or does not have NPOA established.
Vertical stringing: These rounds are in a line up and down, and show that the shooter is not shooting at a consistent point in his breathing cycle.
Horizontal stringing: These rounds are in a line left and right, and indicate bad trigger control.
Diagonal stringing: Bad breathing, and either also bad trigger control, or poor position with the support elbow not under the rifle.
Two groups: This shows that the shooter changed something mid string of fire, and, since you can’t tell which is which, you need to eliminate the change before further addressing the problem.
Note that these groups can be wherever on the target, and, if they are off target, as well as having a shape problem, it means there is a human problem AND a sights problem.

Conclusion

Although I will attempt to break up the monotony of the shooting tutorials here soon, since these are admittedly getting a little dry, with something like “Idiots Seen In The Gun Store,” like the efforts of my colleague Br. Moner, I am trying to get someplace and stick an 8 hour class into a series of articles.
I do agree with one of the comments in the previous article in particular that Ed said. “Don’t learn to shoot from a webpage.” Although I’d happily take anyone here shooting if I could, and I would feel completely competent keeping you safe and teaching good habits and skill on a range in person, the internet, even with videos, leaves a lot to be desired. My intention is to awaken your awareness of the shooting discipline so that you will seek out competent instruction of your own and that my words might help you to discern good instruction from bad and know which areas of the sport, if any, you might be interested in pursuing. Be safe.
Read More: How To Properly Aim A Firearm